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  • The Gospel according to Matthew. It's one of the earliest official accounts about

  • Jesus of Nazareth--his life, his death and his resurrection. The book itself is

  • anonymous but the earliest reliable tradition links it to Matthew the tax

  • collector who was one of the twelve apostles that Jesus appointed and he

  • actually appears within the book itself. For about thirty to forty years the

  • apostles orally taught and passed on their eyewitness account about Jesus,

  • along with his teachings that they had all memorized. And Matthew has then

  • collected and arranged all these into this amazing tapestry and designed the

  • book to highlight certain themes about Jesus. In this video we're just going to cover the first

  • half of the book. Specifically, Matthew wants to show how Jesus is the

  • continuation and fulfillment of the whole biblical story about God and

  • Israel--that Jesus is the Messiah from the line of David, that he is a new

  • authoritative teacher like Moses, and not only that, Jesus is God with us or, in

  • Hebrew, Emmanuel. And Matthew has designed this book with an introduction and

  • conclusion and these act like a frame around five clear sections right here in

  • the center, each of which concludes with a long block of Jesus's teaching. Now

  • this design is very intentional and it's amazing. Just watch how this works.

  • Chapters 1 through 3, they set the stage by attaching Jesus' story right onto the

  • storyline of the Old Testament Scriptures. So Matthew opens with the

  • genealogy about Jesus that highlights how he is from the messianic line of the son of

  • David and he is a son of Abraham. That means he's going to bring God's blessing

  • to all of the nations. After that we get the famous story about Jesus' birth and

  • how all of the events fulfilled the Old Testament prophetic promises that the

  • nations would come and honor the Messiah, that the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem,

  • but even more than that, Jesus' conception by the Holy Spirit, his name Emmanuel, all

  • these work together to show that Jesus is no mere human. He is God with us; God

  • become human.

  • So you can see two of Matthew's key themes right here in the introduction. He's

  • from the line of David, he's Emmanuel. But Matthew also wants to show how Jesus is

  • a new Moses. So, like Moses, Jesus came up out of Egypt, he passed through the

  • waters of baptism, and he entered into the wilderness for forty days. And then

  • Jesus goes up onto a mountain to deliver his new teaching. So through all of this

  • Matthew is claiming that Jesus is the promised "greater than Moses" figure who's

  • going to deliver Israel from slavery, he's going to give them new, divine

  • teaching, he's going to save them from their sins, and bring about a new

  • covenant relationship between God and His people.

  • This Moses and Jesus parallel also explains why Matthew has structured the

  • center of the book the way that he did. These five main parts highlight Jesus as

  • a teacher. And he's created a parallel. Jesus as a teacher parallels the five

  • books of Moses. Jesus is the new authoritative covenant teacher who's

  • going to fulfill the storyline of the Torah. Now in the first section, chapters 4 to 7, Jesus

  • steps onto the scene announcing the arrival of God's kingdom. And this is

  • really key. The kingdom is in essence about God's rescue operation for his

  • whole world and it's taking place through King Jesus. Jesus has come to

  • confront evil, especially spiritual evil and its whole legacy of demon oppression

  • and disease and death. Jesus has come to restore God's rule and reign over the

  • whole world by creating a new family of people who will follow him,

  • obey His teachings, and live under his rule. So after Jesus begins healing

  • people and forming a movement, a community, he takes his followers out to a mountain

  • or a hillside, and he delivers his first big block of teaching, traditionally called

  • the Sermon on the Mount. And here Jesus explores what it looks like to follow

  • him and live in God's kingdom. And its an upside-down Kingdom where there are no

  • privileged members. So the poor, the nobody's, the wealthy, the religious--

  • everybody is invited and is called to turn, to repent, and to follow Jesus and

  • join his family. Jesus says that he's not here to set aside the commands of the

  • Torah or the Old Testament. Rather, he's here to fulfill all of that through

  • his life, through his teachings. He's here to transform the hearts of his people so

  • that they can truly love God and love their neighbor, including their enemy.

  • After concluding his great teaching on the kingdom, the next section shows Jesus

  • bringing the kingdom into reality in the day-to-day lives of people. So Matthew's

  • arranged here nine stories about Jesus bringing the power of God's kingdom into

  • the lives of hurting, broken people. There are three groups of three stories

  • and they're all about people who are sick or have broken bodies or they're in

  • danger and Jesus heals or saves them by these acts of grace and power. And then

  • right in between these triads we find two parallel stories about Jesus' call

  • that people should follow him.

  • Matthew is making a point here. One can only experience the power of Jesus' grace

  • by following him and becoming his disciple. Now after Matthew has shown the

  • power of the kingdom through Jesus, Jesus then extends his reach by sending out the

  • 12 disciples, who are going to go do what he's been doing, and this leads to the

  • second large block of teaching, chapter 10. And here Jesus teaches his disciples

  • how to announce the kingdom and what to expect once they do. Many among Israel

  • are accepting Jesus and his offer of the kingdom but Israel's leaders, they aren't.

  • They stand to lose a lot if they repent and become disciples of Jesus and so

  • jesus knows they're going to reject him and persecute his followers, which is

  • exactly what happens. In the next section, chapters 11 through 13, Matthew has

  • collected a group of stories about how people are responding to Jesus and His

  • message and it's a mixed bag. So some stories are positive-- people love Jesus

  • and they think he's the messiah. Others are more neutral, like John the Baptist

  • or even the members of Jesus' own family. And they make it clear that Jesus

  • is not what they expected. And then you have Israel's leaders. They're entirely

  • negative. You have the Pharisees and the Bible scholars. They all reject Jesus

  • together. They think he's a false teacher, he's leading the people astray, they think

  • he's blasphemous in these exalted claims he's making about himself.

  • But Jesus isn't surprised or thrown by all these diverse responses. In fact, he

  • focuses on it in the third block of teaching, chapter 13. Here Matthew has

  • collected together a bunch of Jesus' parables about the kingdom, like about a

  • farmer throwing seed on four types of soil or about a mustard seed or a pearl or

  • buried treasure. These parables are like a commentary on the stories that you've

  • just read in chapters 11 and 12. Some people are accepting Jesus with

  • enthusiasm, others are rejecting him. But God's kingdom is of ultimate value and it

  • will not stop spreading despite all of these obstacles. So that's the first half

  • of the Gospel according to Matthew. Now, here's a few more things to look for as

  • you read through these chapters. Matthew's presenting Jesus, remember, as the

  • continuation and fulfillment of the Old Testament story line. So look for how he

  • weaves in quotations from the Old Testament Scriptures and what you'll

  • find is that they're placed at strategic points in the story, explaining more

  • about Jesus and his identity. So stop, take time to go look up these references

  • and read them in their Old Testament context and most often you'll discover

  • really cool, interesting connections. Lastly, pay attention to the types of

  • people who accept Jesus and follow him. And you'll see that it's most often

  • people who are unimportant, they're nobody's, or their irreligious. And these

  • are the people who are transformed by their trust or faith in Jesus and follow

  • him. And it's the religious and the prideful who are offended by him. So how

  • is this tension between Jesus and israel's leaders going to play itself

  • out?

  • That's what the second half of Matthew is all about.

The Gospel according to Matthew. It's one of the earliest official accounts about

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B1 jesus matthew kingdom moses testament god

Read Scripture Series: Matthew Ch. 1-13

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    PAPAYA posted on 2016/09/28
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