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  • Today I'm going to teach you the difference between active voice and passive voice. Let's

  • take a look at this sentence. The teacher teaches the students. In this sentence, the

  • teacher is the subject of the sentence because the teacher is performing the action. The

  • action in this sentence is teaches. "The students" is the object of the sentence because they

  • are receiving the action.

  • Another example, the boy eats an apple. In this sentence, the boy is the subject, eat

  • is the verb and then apple is the object. This is example of active voice. Sometimes

  • you can use subject and object pronouns to take the place of nouns in this sentence.

  • This chart shows you an example of all the subject and object pronouns. Let's look at

  • an example sentence. My mom called my sister. In this sentence my mom is the subject of

  • the sentence and can be replaced with she. My sister is the object of this sentence and

  • can be replaced with her.

  • Let's practice! This sentence says my dad cooked dinner for my brother and I or me.

  • In this case we must choose me because me is an object pronoun. In this example, my

  • brother and I or me played basketball. We must choose I, the subject pronoun.

  • Now let's talk about passive voice. The formula for passive voice is object plus a form of

  • to be plus past participle plus by plus the subject. In this example, an active sentence,

  • it reads, Diane eats pizza. To change this to passive voice, we must put the object first.

  • Pizza, then the form of to be is, then the past participle of eat which is eaten, then

  • by and the subject Diane.

  • Let's practice. In this active sentence, many people is the subject, speak is the verb,

  • and English is the object. To change this to passive voice we put the object first,

  • followed by is then the past participle of speak which is spoken, then by, then the subject,

  • many people.

  • In sentence 2, the object must come first, a book. Followed by was, then written, the

  • past participle of write, then by, then the subject Tom. Notice that we use was in this

  • sentence, because this sentence is in the past tense.

  • In the last sentence, we must put the object first, taxes. Followed by were, then raised,

  • by, the government. Noticed that this sentence is also in the past tense and we must use

  • were because taxes is a plural noun.

Today I'm going to teach you the difference between active voice and passive voice. Let's

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A2 UK sentence object passive voice subject passive voice

Active and Passive Voice Rules

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    Cai Xin Liu posted on 2016/08/20
Video vocabulary