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  • Welcome to englishgrammarspot this lesson is about the future tenses.

  • In this lesson I am going to show you how to form a future tense

  • and when to use a future tense.

  • Take a look at these sentences:

  • I will help you carry those bags.

  • She is going to work tomorrow.

  • She is flying to London next week.

  • The bus leaves at six o'clock.

  • The prices are about to go up.

  • By this time tomorrow he will be lying on the beach.

  • All of the sentences

  • are in the future tense.

  • But as you can see there is quite some variation.

  • The most commonly used future tenses are:

  • shall and will and the base form of the verb,

  • to be going to and the base form of the verb,

  • the present continuous,

  • the present simple

  • to be about to and the base form of the verb, that

  • and the future continuous.

  • Let's take a look at shall and will and the base form of the verb:

  • we use this form for things decided on the spot.

  • They are not fixed agreements,

  • and they are unsure. through

  • We need to pay attention to shall, because we only use shall in questions with

  • I and we.

  • Shall I help you with that?

  • Shall we go for a swim?

  • We use will in all other situations.

  • I will take the bus.

  • He will listen to me.

  • We will make dinner.

  • They will drop by.

  • Let's look at questions with will.

  • Again we use the base form of the verb.

  • Will he put he put his tent?

  • Will she celebrate her birthday?

  • Will you park your bikes in the shed?

  • Let's look at negations with will.

  • We use will contracting it into won't and the base form

  • of the verb.

  • No I have also included shall,

  • shall plus not

  • becomes shan't and the base form of the verb.

  • But this form is very old-fashioned, but I thought it would be fun to put it in

  • any way.

  • Shan't I get sunburned?

  • It sounds quite victorian.

  • You won't cross the road.

  • It won't be easy.

  • We won't make the beds. They won't need a passport.

  • Now let's take a look at that other form: to be + going to + the base form of the verb.

  • We use this form for fixed plans in the future.

  • We need to know when it's going to happen so we need to have some kind of

  • time indication.

  • I am going to help my brother next week.

  • It is going to rain tomorrow

  • We are going to cook dinner tonight.

  • They are going to mark the tests in an hour.

  • It's quite likely that these plans will follow through. follow through

  • Let's look at the questions:

  • Am I going to pass my exams this afternoon?

  • Is she going to visit her aunt soon?

  • Are they going to run the marathon next week? week

  • Let's have a look at the negations:

  • I am not going to leasrn it by heart this evening. evening

  • He isn't going to buy a new computer on Tuesday. tuesday

  • They aren't going to watch the telly this night. night

  • Sometimes we also use a present continuous when talking about the future,

  • we use the present continuous for plans in very near future

  • and again and we need to know when they are happening.

  • I am working this afternoon.

  • He's calling her in the morning.

  • We are driving down the street any minute now.

  • Sometimes we also use the present simple for the future,

  • especially for fixed schedules.

  • The lesson starts at half past eight.

  • The bus arrives at ten o'clock

  • The train departs from platform b.

  • another form to talk about the future use to use to be plus the base

  • form of the verb.

  • We use this form

  • when you are are on the vege of doing something. something

  • We use this form for something that can happen happen

  • and any minute from now.

  • The lesson is about to begin.

  • The airplane is about to take off.

  • They are about open the department store. store

  • The final form is the future continuous,

  • and this is quite a tricky one,

  • we use the future continuous when you tell someone about your future plans,

  • something that you will be doing atspecific time specific time

  • in the future.

  • We use shall and will,

  • we use the infinitive,

  • of the verb to be,

  • we use

  • the base form of the verb

  • of the regular verb

  • and ing.

  • For example:

  • By this time next year,

  • I will be working at the head office.

  • No they can't help you tomorrow,

  • they will be doing their homework.

  • I thank you for your attention

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  • or go to www.englishgrammarspot.com

Welcome to englishgrammarspot this lesson is about the future tenses.

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A2 UK base form form base continuous future tense present continuous

Future tense: English grammar tutorial video lesson

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    Cai Xin Liu posted on 2016/08/20
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