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  • For more than half a century Israel has been accused by both Western and Arab nations of

  • violating international law in its treatment of Palestine. Israel has vehemently denied

  • these claims. So, has Israel violated international law?

  • Well, the heart of the current Israel-Palestine legal dispute is concerning a barrier wall

  • running along the border of the West Bank. The wall is currently 280 miles long, and

  • 26 feet tall. Palestine alleges that the wall is an attempt by Israel to isolate them and

  • take over Palestinian land, by affecting their economy, livelihood, and even access to medical

  • care.. However, Israel argues that the wall is necessary for security. The government

  • claims it was built as a response to the huge number of suicide bombings against Israel

  • during the early 2000s Palestinian uprising, known as the Second Intifada. Suicide attacks

  • dropped significantly after the first section was constructed, yet the actual legality of

  • the wall is still disputed.

  • Because Palestine is a semi-recognized territory, it does not hold full statehood, and it is

  • difficult for the territory to represent itself on the international stage. The United Nations

  • has made repeated attempts at resolutions condemning Israel on Palestine’s behalf,

  • and they've even declared the wall illegal. All of these resolutions have been vetoed

  • by the United States, which is one the few members of the UN Security Council, and a

  • close ally of Israel.

  • There is also no single governing body to act as an official world police. International

  • disputes fall under what is calledsupranational law”. One of the only official courts to

  • process such claims is the International Court of Justice, which is the United Nations

  • judicial arm.

  • In 2003, the United Nations reached out to to the ICJ, requesting an advisory opinion

  • on the matter of the wall. The ICJ concluded that the construction of the wall, solely

  • for the security reasons stated by Israel, was, nonetheless, a violation of international

  • law. Specifically they are alleged to have violated the Fourth Geneva Convention and

  • the UN’s Articles on State Responsibility.

  • First, the ICJ struck down Israel's self-defense argument, citing that the Palestinian territories

  • were in fact occupied by Israel. This occupation was noted to violate the UN Charter and several

  • UN resolutions which prohibit territorial annexation by force, and denying the people

  • of Palestine the right of self-determination.

  • As an occupying power, Israel was also said to be in violation of Article 49, Paragraph

  • 6, of the Fourth Geneva Convention. It states that “[An] Occupying Power shall not deport

  • or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies." The de facto

  • annexation of any land behind the wall, coupled with controversial Israeli settlements built

  • on Palestinian territory, put Israel in violation of the Geneva Convention.

  • Finally, the courts noted the Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally

  • Wrongful Acts. It states thatNecessity”, which Israel argues is the reason for the

  • wall, and the occupation, cannot be used to absolve the wrongfulness of an act in violation

  • of international law.

  • But despite this advisory opinion, Israel dismissed the jurisdiction of the the court,

  • and no binding resolution was enacted. With the backing of the United States, which has

  • veto power and worldwide influence, Israel is generally able to act with impunity when

  • violating international law.

  • But the wall isn’t the only complaint against Israel by Palestine, just the only one to

  • make it to court. To learn about the myriad of reasons the two have been fighting for

  • decades, watch this video up top. You can also find out why exactly the United States

  • has been so quick to defend Israel on the international stage, by checking out this

  • video below. Thanks for watching TestTube News, don’t forget to like and subscribe

  • for new videos every day!

For more than half a century Israel has been accused by both Western and Arab nations of

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What Are Israel's Violations of International Law?

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    gotony5614.me97 posted on 2016/04/28
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