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  • Welcome to your Friday edition of CNN Student News.

  • I'm Carl Azuz at the CNN Center in the state of Georgia.

  • Our first story takes us to state of Michigan.

  • People there are trying to figure out how to deal with

  • and who's responsible for a water crisis in the city of Flint.

  • To save money a couple of years ago,

  • officials switches Flint's water supply from Lake Huron to the Flint River.

  • Researchers say the river water is highly corrosive,

  • especially to the struggling town's aging water pipes.

  • And a class action lawsuit accuses the state

  • of not treating the water to make it safe.

  • Many Flint residents noticed something was wrong,

  • but they say they were kept in the dark about it for 18 months.

  • The smell was terrible, we would have yellow water, sometimes blue- green,

  • sometimes a brownish color. It just smelled awful, it was different.

  • We started developing rashes, hair loss, all five of us,

  • even our cat, was just losing clumps of hair.

  • And bone pain, muscle pain. We just figured we're just getting sick.

  • We're just tired. Maybe it's stress.

  • Because they said the water was safe.

  • As the river water eroded the pipes, iron started pouring out of residents' taps.

  • And then high levels of lead were detected.

  • That's when the issue got national attention

  • and calls were made to state officials,

  • all the way up to Michigan's governor to resign.

  • His request for $ 28 million to address the problem

  • was approved by Michigan's legislature this week,

  • but critics are saying that's too little, too late.

  • Lead is a bluish gray metal that comes right out of the Earth

  • but if gets into our body, it's poisonous.

  • Lead can damage the brain and the kidneys and it's particularly

  • toxic to babies and young children.

  • And the damage that lead does, it's irreversible.

  • Lead paint was banned in the United States in 1978,

  • but many older homes still have lead paint.

  • Children can eat lead that's chipped off of older homes.

  • So if you have an older home, keep the paint in good condition.

  • Water in homes can have lead, especially if the home was built before 1997.

  • One thing you can do is that before you drink the water,

  • let it run cold for a little bit.

  • That'll help flush out any lead that might be in the system.

  • You can also get an inspector to come in and check and see

  • if you have lead in your drinking water.

  • Another thing you can do is only drink and cook with cold water,

  • and only use cold water to make baby formula.

  • Cold water has less chance of having lead in it.

  • Lead gets stored in your bones and when women are pregnant,

  • that lead can leech out of a mother's bones and into her baby.

  • When people have lead poisoning, it can lower their IQ and affect their behavior.

  • Time to saddle up and head out west for the CNN Student News Roll Call.

  • We're starting in the cowboy state of Wyoming.

  • Mountain View Middle School is where the buffalo roam.

  • It's in Mountain View. Next we're riding just a little bit south to the Centennial State.

  • Fort Morgan, Colorado is on the roll with the Mustangs

  • of Fort Morgan High School.

  • And near the shore of the Turanian Sea,

  • we come to the Italian city of Naples.

  • Hello to all of our viewers at Naples American High School.

  • Almost 30 million people on the US East Coast are under a blizzard watch.

  • Yesterday the National Weather Service gave a blizzard warning

  • to Washington DC and Baltimore, Maryland

  • meaning a major winter storm is highly likely.

  • Forecasters say it could bring as much as 30 inches of snow to the US Capital.

  • But they don't know for absolute certain and the storm could also fizzle out.

  • Still, because conditions will be ripe for a blizzard

  • and because a relatively small amount of snow

  • caused this to happen Wednesday night in the DC area,

  • people are preparing for heavy weather from Arkansas to New Jersey

  • where the storm system is headed.

  • Okay, so what's a blizzard? You hear it all the time.

  • It's one of the most overused terms in weather.

  • A blizzard warning and blizzard conditions

  • have to be signified when you have snow coming down,

  • you have your winds that are at least 35 miles per hour or greater,

  • and your visibility's reduced to a quarter of one mile.

  • Not only do you have to have all of these in place,

  • but you have to have this happening for at least three hours

  • or a longer period of time for a blizzard warning to be issued.

  • One thing to note with blizzard conditions is once the storm moves,

  • even when the snow has stopped falling,

  • you could be experiencing blizzard like conditions because the winds

  • will be howling across the area.

  • So any sort of drift snow that has been on the ground

  • there will be blown right in front of you.

  • That'll cause disruptions as far as visibility once again coming down.

  • Even though the storm is long gone, you will still be experiencing blizzard conditions.

  • Now a fascinating study was done back in 2002

  • looking at the most prone area across the United States where blizzards occurred.

  • And the most frequented area for blizzards were areas around the Dakotas,

  • Western Minnesota, on into Wyoming, and eventually Eastern Colorado.

  • That region saw the highest likelihood of blizzards every single year

  • but that study also showed about 2. 5 million people per year

  • experienced these blizzard like conditions. Now you displace that into the Upper Midwest.

  • Take it say into Chicago, or take it into the Northeast into Boston, Philadelphia, or New York.

  • Now you're talking about tens of millions of people

  • being impacted by blizzard conditions.

  • And that is when this story becomes very dangerous for a lot of people.

  • In the US, it's the bald eagle. In Peru, the vicuna.

  • In Indonesia, the Komodo dragon.

  • But you won't find the national animal of Scotland anywhere,

  • not even in Scotland, because it's a unicorn.

  • Scotland's national animal is the unicorn.

  • It's been used on Scottish coats- of- arms since the 1100's

  • but good luck spotting one in the wild. So that's random.

  • Okay, while we're on the subject of things that may or may not exist,

  • researchers at the California Institute of Technology

  • might have discovered a ninth planet orbiting around the Sun.

  • Of course that used to be Pluto. That was the last object to have and then lose

  • the status of the ninth planet. In 2006,

  • scientists decided that Pluto's small size

  • and location made it a dwarf planet instead of a planet planet.

  • Researchers say their new discovery has 5, 000 times the mass of Pluto.

  • But there's just one hitch, they haven't actually seen it.

  • Remember when Pluto's status was demoted to a dwarf planet

  • leaving our solar system with just eight major planets?

  • Well, spacers rejoice, because our nine planet glory might just be restored.

  • Researchers Konstantin Batygin and Mike Brown from Caltech

  • believe they've found evidence of a massive planet in our solar system.

  • They have appropriately nicknamed it Planet Nine.

  • They believe Planet Nine's mass could be 10 times

  • that of Earth and that it dwells far beyond the known planets,

  • with an orbit that is 20 times further from the Sun than Neptune.

  • In fact, Planet Nine is so far from the Sun,

  • they estimate it would take somewhere between 10, 000 and 20, 000 years

  • just to go around the Sun once.

  • Now researchers haven't exactly laid eyes on Planet Nine.

  • Batygin and Brown discovered that using computer simulations and mathematical models.

  • Unusual orbits and cluster of objects were analyzed beyond the orbit of Neptune.

  • They say they're the result of the gravitational force of Planet Nine.

  • But Batygin and Brown are not the first to claim that they've discovered a new major planet beyond Neptune.

  • In fact, the hunt for Planet X has been on for over a century,

  • but every promising claim has ultimately been shut down by scientists.

  • That hasn't stopped Batygin and Brown from going public with their theory.

  • They hope to galvanize the scientific community

  • and start a worldwide search to finally see Planet Nine and prove its existence.

  • Happy planet hunting.

  • Before we go, what's been called mother nature's own ice sculptures.

  • It's been a cold week in Cleveland, Ohio with high temperatures in the teens.

  • As Canadian arctic air blew in from Canada, sweeping over Lake Erie,

  • it caused waves to splash up, their water particles freezing anything nearby.

  • The results are an ever- changing display of spiky, twisted crystal.

  • A local naturalist says this could continue until March or later.

  • It's not the first time in forever that's happened,

  • but weather like that could give anyone a frozen heart,

  • even if some people are worth melting for

  • and if it'd make Anna wanna build a snowman.

  • The ice conceals, but you'd still feel it.

  • If you're expecting us to think of anything Elsa,

  • you're just gonna have to let it go.

  • CNN Student News hopes you don't get frozen this weekend.

Welcome to your Friday edition of CNN Student News.

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January 22, 2016 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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