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Welcome to your Friday edition of CNN Student News.
I'm Carl Azuz at the CNN Center in the state of Georgia.
Our first story takes us to state of Michigan.
People there are trying to figure out how to deal with
and who's responsible for a water crisis in the city of Flint.
To save money a couple of years ago,
officials switches Flint's water supply from Lake Huron to the Flint River.
Researchers say the river water is highly corrosive,
especially to the struggling town's aging water pipes.
And a class action lawsuit accuses the state
of not treating the water to make it safe.
Many Flint residents noticed something was wrong,
but they say they were kept in the dark about it for 18 months.
The smell was terrible, we would have yellow water, sometimes blue- green,
sometimes a brownish color. It just smelled awful, it was different.
We started developing rashes, hair loss, all five of us,
even our cat, was just losing clumps of hair.
And bone pain, muscle pain. We just figured we're just getting sick.
We're just tired. Maybe it's stress.
Because they said the water was safe.
As the river water eroded the pipes, iron started pouring out of residents' taps.
And then high levels of lead were detected.
That's when the issue got national attention
and calls were made to state officials,
all the way up to Michigan's governor to resign.
His request for $ 28 million to address the problem
was approved by Michigan's legislature this week,
but critics are saying that's too little, too late.
Lead is a bluish gray metal that comes right out of the Earth
but if gets into our body, it's poisonous.
Lead can damage the brain and the kidneys and it's particularly
toxic to babies and young children.
And the damage that lead does, it's irreversible.
Lead paint was banned in the United States in 1978,
but many older homes still have lead paint.
Children can eat lead that's chipped off of older homes.
So if you have an older home, keep the paint in good condition.
Water in homes can have lead, especially if the home was built before 1997.
One thing you can do is that before you drink the water,
let it run cold for a little bit.
That'll help flush out any lead that might be in the system.
You can also get an inspector to come in and check and see
if you have lead in your drinking water.
Another thing you can do is only drink and cook with cold water,
and only use cold water to make baby formula.
Cold water has less chance of having lead in it.
Lead gets stored in your bones and when women are pregnant,
that lead can leech out of a mother's bones and into her baby.
When people have lead poisoning, it can lower their IQ and affect their behavior.
Time to saddle up and head out west for the CNN Student News Roll Call.
We're starting in the cowboy state of Wyoming.
Mountain View Middle School is where the buffalo roam.
It's in Mountain View. Next we're riding just a little bit south to the Centennial State.
Fort Morgan, Colorado is on the roll with the Mustangs
of Fort Morgan High School.
And near the shore of the Turanian Sea,
we come to the Italian city of Naples.
Hello to all of our viewers at Naples American High School.
Almost 30 million people on the US East Coast are under a blizzard watch.
Yesterday the National Weather Service gave a blizzard warning
to Washington DC and Baltimore, Maryland
meaning a major winter storm is highly likely.
Forecasters say it could bring as much as 30 inches of snow to the US Capital.
But they don't know for absolute certain and the storm could also fizzle out.
Still, because conditions will be ripe for a blizzard
and because a relatively small amount of snow
caused this to happen Wednesday night in the DC area,
people are preparing for heavy weather from Arkansas to New Jersey
where the storm system is headed.
Okay, so what's a blizzard? You hear it all the time.
It's one of the most overused terms in weather.
A blizzard warning and blizzard conditions
have to be signified when you have snow coming down,
you have your winds that are at least 35 miles per hour or greater,
and your visibility's reduced to a quarter of one mile.
Not only do you have to have all of these in place,
but you have to have this happening for at least three hours
or a longer period of time for a blizzard warning to be issued.
One thing to note with blizzard conditions is once the storm moves,
even when the snow has stopped falling,
you could be experiencing blizzard like conditions because the winds
will be howling across the area.
So any sort of drift snow that has been on the ground
there will be blown right in front of you.
That'll cause disruptions as far as visibility once again coming down.
Even though the storm is long gone, you will still be experiencing blizzard conditions.
Now a fascinating study was done back in 2002
looking at the most prone area across the United States where blizzards occurred.
And the most frequented area for blizzards were areas around the Dakotas,
Western Minnesota, on into Wyoming, and eventually Eastern Colorado.
That region saw the highest likelihood of blizzards every single year
but that study also showed about 2. 5 million people per year
experienced these blizzard like conditions. Now you displace that into the Upper Midwest.
Take it say into Chicago, or take it into the Northeast into Boston, Philadelphia, or New York.
Now you're talking about tens of millions of people
being impacted by blizzard conditions.
And that is when this story becomes very dangerous for a lot of people.
In the US, it's the bald eagle. In Peru, the vicuna.
In Indonesia, the Komodo dragon.
But you won't find the national animal of Scotland anywhere,
not even in Scotland, because it's a unicorn.
Scotland's national animal is the unicorn.
It's been used on Scottish coats- of- arms since the 1100's
but good luck spotting one in the wild. So that's random.
Okay, while we're on the subject of things that may or may not exist,
researchers at the California Institute of Technology
might have discovered a ninth planet orbiting around the Sun.
Of course that used to be Pluto. That was the last object to have and then lose
the status of the ninth planet. In 2006,
scientists decided that Pluto's small size
and location made it a dwarf planet instead of a planet planet.
Researchers say their new discovery has 5, 000 times the mass of Pluto.
But there's just one hitch, they haven't actually seen it.
Remember when Pluto's status was demoted to a dwarf planet
leaving our solar system with just eight major planets?
Well, spacers rejoice, because our nine planet glory might just be restored.
Researchers Konstantin Batygin and Mike Brown from Caltech
believe they've found evidence of a massive planet in our solar system.
They have appropriately nicknamed it Planet Nine.
They believe Planet Nine's mass could be 10 times
that of Earth and that it dwells far beyond the known planets,
with an orbit that is 20 times further from the Sun than Neptune.
In fact, Planet Nine is so far from the Sun,
they estimate it would take somewhere between 10, 000 and 20, 000 years
just to go around the Sun once.
Now researchers haven't exactly laid eyes on Planet Nine.
Batygin and Brown discovered that using computer simulations and mathematical models.
Unusual orbits and cluster of objects were analyzed beyond the orbit of Neptune.
They say they're the result of the gravitational force of Planet Nine.
But Batygin and Brown are not the first to claim that they've discovered a new major planet beyond Neptune.
In fact, the hunt for Planet X has been on for over a century,
but every promising claim has ultimately been shut down by scientists.
That hasn't stopped Batygin and Brown from going public with their theory.
They hope to galvanize the scientific community
and start a worldwide search to finally see Planet Nine and prove its existence.
Happy planet hunting.
Before we go, what's been called mother nature's own ice sculptures.
It's been a cold week in Cleveland, Ohio with high temperatures in the teens.
As Canadian arctic air blew in from Canada, sweeping over Lake Erie,
it caused waves to splash up, their water particles freezing anything nearby.
The results are an ever- changing display of spiky, twisted crystal.
A local naturalist says this could continue until March or later.
It's not the first time in forever that's happened,
but weather like that could give anyone a frozen heart,
even if some people are worth melting for
and if it'd make Anna wanna build a snowman.
The ice conceals, but you'd still feel it.
If you're expecting us to think of anything Elsa,
you're just gonna have to let it go.
CNN Student News hopes you don't get frozen this weekend.
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January 22, 2016 - CNN Student News with subtitle

4453 Folder Collection
VoiceTube published on January 22, 2016
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