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  • Delivering your Tuesday edition of CNN Student News, I'm Carl Azuz.

  • We're starting with an update involving U. S. Army Sargent Bowe Bergdahl.

  • Yesterday, the Army announced that the 29- year- old serviceman

  • would face a general court martial, a military trial on two charges,

  • desertion and misbehavior before the enemy.

  • In the summer of 2009, Sargent Bergdahl disappeared

  • from his American base in Afghanistan.

  • He was later captured by the Taliban,

  • the former rulers of that country, whom the U. S. was fighting.

  • Almost five years later, the Obama administration

  • controversially exchanged five Taliban prisoners

  • who were in U. S. custody for Sergent Bergdahl.

  • Before that a US commission had recommended

  • not releasing these particular Taliban prisoners.

  • Also, the administration did not give Congress the required 30 day

  • notice of the prisoner exchange.

  • House and Senate Committees have said the White House broke the law.

  • The administration said it feared for Bergdahl's life,

  • and that the U. S. leaves no man or woman in uniform behind.

  • Bergdahl's trial date has not been announced yet.

  • If he's convicted, he could face a life sentence.

  • With the year winding down,

  • this is our last week on air until January 4th,

  • we're starting a new series today that we're planning to run the rest of the week.

  • It takes a look back at some of the stories that

  • made headlines over the past calendar year.

  • So without further ado, in today's year in review,

  • Mary Maloney focuses on U. S. news from 2015.

  • This was a tragically reoccuring scene during 2015,

  • crowds fleeing another mass shooting,

  • from a military center in Chattanooga to a college campus in Roseburg, Oregon.

  • Then, a mass shooting at a health center in San Bernadino

  • that authorities say may have been inspired by ISIS.

  • President Obama called it an act of terrorism.

  • The threat from terrorism is real but we will overcome it.

  • In Charleston, a shooting at a black church reignited

  • a long simmering national debate over the confederate flag.

  • The Palmetto State voted to remove the flag from the state capitol

  • for the first time in 54 years.

  • Racial tensions were not confined to Charleston,

  • with Black Lives Matter rallies happening in cities across the country.

  • Protestors were outraged by the police killings of unarmed black man

  • like Freddie Gray, Jamar Clark, and Walter Scott.

  • June saw two historic decisions from the Supreme Court of the United States.

  • In a 6- 3 split, the court saved the Affordable Care Act.

  • A divided court also ruled that same sex couples can marry nationwide.

  • While many cheered the 5- 4 ruling, some sharply disagreed.

  • In a small Kentucky town, a clerk of the court sat behind bars

  • for preventing her office from issuing marriage licenses.

  • Kim Davis made headlines again,

  • when she publicly announced she'd had a private meeting

  • with Pope Francis during his visit to the United States.

  • The Holy Father made stops in Philadelphia, New York,

  • and Washington DC, making history as the first pope to address Congress.

  • God Bless America.

  • A report from Congress accused Japanese auto parts manufacturer Takata,

  • of putting profits ahead of safety.

  • Takata disputed the report's conclusion,

  • saying it had a number of inaccuracies

  • but the company's faulty airbags resulted in a huge recall

  • affecting 34 million cars.

  • And New England rocked the sports world in January

  • when the Patriots were accused of using under inflated balls

  • to win a playoff game. I feel like I've always played within the rules.

  • Meanwhile, former Patriot Aaron Hernandez,

  • Boston marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev

  • and Aurora theater shooter James Holmes

  • were convicted in highly publicized trials.

  • As they faced justice, two inmates fled from it in upstate New York.

  • The prison escape led to a week's long manhunt

  • that ended with one inmate dead and another back behind bars.

  • Tomorrow, we're planning a retrospective recap of politics,

  • another major story of the year being the U. S. presidential race.

  • The 58th quadrennial presidential election, so the next one,

  • isn't until November 8th of next year but campaign season's in full swing.

  • There's a Democratic debate scheduled for Saturday night,

  • the next Republican debates are set for tonight on CNN.

  • What are the moderators doing to prepare for it?

  • It takes a long time to prepare because you've got to go through all the candidates,

  • know where they stand on the various issues.

  • So, it takes an enormous amount of research.

  • What does it take to prepare us? A lot of homework.

  • By the times you get to debates,

  • it means that the campaign has been up and running for a while.

  • There are a lot of issues and statements and the records to go through.

  • There's a whole team at CNN working on this.

  • We have an unbelievable research team here at CNN, I'll give them applause.

  • I try to know as much as I can and be armed with as many facts

  • and as much information as possible.

  • So that you're ready with smart questions, you're ready to fact check on your feet,

  • if necessary but then also, don't over do it.

  • You want to go into a debate as the moderator,

  • basically knowing where all of these candidates

  • stand on the most important national security issues,

  • the most important domestic issues.

  • Speaking of social security, you've said, in the past,

  • it's a Ponzi scheme. I like to take a look at some of the best moments

  • in previous debates, learn from my colleagues, see how they went,

  • see how they handled it, and I think that's just a useful experience.

  • And then a lot of that stuff gets changed at the last second

  • or even during the debate. The ebb and flow of it,

  • you can never really quite predict and that's what makes it yeah, exciting.

  • Your goal is to help make the voter out there a little bit smarter

  • on where these candidates stand.

  • Your preparations should include almost memorization of big moments.

  • Senator, you have said there are good earmarks and bad earmarks.

  • So prepare but don't become hostage to your preparations.

  • The Southwestern Netherlands is were we start today's call of the roll.

  • At CNNStudentNews. com, we received a request from

  • Rotterdam International Secondary School. It's in a city of Rotterdam.

  • In the Northwestern U. S ., we're making a stop in Idaho today,

  • Post Falls Middle School is in Post Falls, home of the Spartans.

  • In Upstate New York, look up to the Falcons. Sanborn, New York

  • is where you'll fine Niagara Wheatfield High School.

  • The nation of Turkey is often seen as a geographical bridge

  • between Europe and Asia.

  • It's made a lot of international headlines lately,

  • partly for it's role in the Syrian refugee crisis.

  • Partly for the tensions triggered with Russia when Turkey

  • shot down a Russian war plane on November 24th.

  • There's another challenge on the streets of Istanbul,

  • the nation's largest city and a dog lover is doing all she can to address it.

  • It's play time. All these dogs are here because of Yasemin Baban.

  • All these dogs were once abandoned and unwanted

  • on the streets of Istanbul.

  • After seeing the conditions of the shelters 12 years ago in Turkey,

  • she dedicated her life to saving domesticated animals.

  • I left the shelter crying.

  • Then I went again, then I cried and then I said, crying is not enough.

  • Someone has to do something and then I started to volunteer in shelters.

  • She was soon warned of a disturbing trend.

  • The reason you see so many Golden Retrievers here being rescued

  • is because people in Turkey love the puppy,

  • they're really popular but once they get grown up,

  • they end up putting them out, either on the streets or in the forest.

  • And that's also why they're all so good- natured because

  • these were people's pets at one time.

  • But their sweetness hurts their chances of survival

  • on the streets of Istanbul where tens of thousands of hard core stray street dogs live.

  • That's where the story turns into a very long journey for these Goldens, from Istanbul,

  • Turkey to Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

  • Turns out Americans love their Golden Retrievers,

  • and Baban found just the place, Adopt a Golden Atlanta.

  • American Golden Rescues have lists of the people

  • waiting to adopt dogs, and here, we don't find anyone.

  • So far, Adopt a Golden Atlanta has taken in 123 Golden Retrievers from Istanbul.

  • They call them Turkey dogs.

  • With all the animosity building between East and West,

  • this is one connection that has no bark or bite. Sara Sidner, CNN, Istanbul.

  • Polar bears are the biggest carnivores on land.

  • They'll eat whales, muskox, walrus, reindeer, birds, they even dream about it.

  • This one's only five months old and four pounds,

  • so it's hard to picture her subconsciously devouring a beluga.

  • She's just taking a nap.

  • She's a resident at the Columbus Zoo and as she coos and cuddles

  • with her stuffed toy, zookeepers say she's making contented sounds

  • like that of a cat purring.

  • Even though those animals are polar opposites.

  • Whatever the bear was subconscious of, it seemed to have no bearing on her sleep.

  • The unbeareivable cute movements,

  • the incombarable abearance of comfort,

  • all are signs of dreamy slumbear.

  • CNN Student News returns tomorrow.

Delivering your Tuesday edition of CNN Student News, I'm Carl Azuz.

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