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  • This is CNN Student News.

  • We've got ten minutes of current events lined up.

  • Two stories on water, two on land, zero commercials.

  • First up, the U. S. Navy, its former slogan, a global force for good.

  • How large should that force be?

  • That question is being addressed by politicians, military experts,

  • observers and analysts but the answer is harder to find.

  • On one hand, the U. S. Navy currently has ten aircraft carriers,

  • more than the rest of the world combined and technology

  • that some observers say puts it well ahead of any other country's navy.

  • On the other hand, the military branch itself says

  • changes are coming and that it needs 30 more ships

  • to maintain its presence around the world.

  • Many defense experts agree but a shrinking U. S. military budget

  • could keep the Navy stretched thin.

  • The U. S. Navy is the world's largest.

  • American warships travel the globe confronting drug traffickers and pirates,

  • providing post disaster humanitarian aid

  • and prepping for possible military conflicts.

  • But in terms of fleet size, today's Navy

  • is the smallest it's been since World War I.

  • Of course, the differences between the technology back then

  • and today's make this comparison questionable.

  • Currently, the US Navy has 273 ships,

  • including 10 aircraft carriers and 30 amphibious ships.

  • China's navy, now with about 250 warships,

  • is expanding, the Pentagon says.

  • Russia, with about 270 warships,

  • is modernizing with a new class of cruise missile subs.

  • A Navy strategy report released in March

  • recommended the U. S. fleet be beefed up to more than 300 vessels

  • but some presidential candidates wonder if that'll be enough.

  • By 2020, the Navy says about 60 % of its ships

  • and aircraft will be based in the Indo- Asia- Pacific region.

  • Including new weapons systems like the F- 35 fighter jet

  • and the Zumwalt- Class Destroyer.

  • The Pentagon also wants more ships closer to potential hot spots,

  • like the MIddle East. Maintaining a fleet with well- rested

  • and properly trained sailors requires a constantly shifting,

  • highly choreographed strategic dance,

  • with national security hanging in the balance.

  • A rotation like that cost big money.

  • Over the past three years, Congress has given the Navy $ 25 billion

  • less than the White House requested,

  • which the Navy says has slowed modernization.

  • Some experts at Washington think tanks say

  • the Navy is already large enough to do its job.

  • Others question the value of expensive aircraft carriers

  • and wonder if that money could be spent better elsewhere,

  • like on so called unmanned combat air vehicles, aka drones.

  • Tom Patterson, CNN.

  • Time for the Shoutout. Name the longest- reigning monarch in British history.

  • Here we go. Is it A ) King Henry VIII, B ) King George III,

  • C ) Queen Victoria, or D ) Queen Elizabeth the II?

  • You got three seconds, go.

  • It was only yesterday that Queen Elizabeth II

  • became Britain longest reigning monarch.

  • That's your answer and that's yourShoutout.

  • As of Wednesday, Queen Elizabeth II had reigned exactly one day

  • longer than the previous record holder.

  • That was a her great, great, grandmother, Queen Victoria.

  • The current monarch has been ruling for 23, 227 days and counting.

  • That is 63 years and 216 days for those of you without calculators.

  • The Queen's position is mostly ceremonial.

  • She can't vote and she doesn't have much law making power,

  • that's held by the British parliament.

  • But she can be consulted on legal matters and fun fact, by law,

  • she can drive a car as fast as she wants to.

  • British Prime Minister David Cameron said Queen Elizabeth's reign

  • has been the golden thread running through three postwar generations.

  • This should give you a sense of how historic that reign is.

  • The tragic news has reached Princess Elizabeth

  • and her husband while in Kenya.

  • It was the first day of a lifetime of service,

  • King George had died and the 25 year old Queen set aside her grief,

  • and prepared for duty.For a nation weakened by World War II,

  • Elizabeth II brought hopes of renewal.

  • Winston Churchill called it the new Elizabethan Age.

  • I think that this famous phrase was suppose to signify Britain

  • having helped to win the war,

  • reviving and becoming a country rather akin to its 16th century predecessor,

  • the famous Elizabeth I. The 1950s, an age of austerity.

  • Many food items were still rationed,

  • and weakness in Britain's finances was having a severe impact

  • on Britain's already diminished empire.

  • Much of the empire went before she actually

  • Ascended the throne there is the question doubtedly

  • of a declining military power.

  • Empty British feeling was heating up in the Middle East.

  • In 1952 deadly protests erupted in Egypt

  • over Britain's control of the Suez Canal.

  • And there was an even greater strain on British morale and finances.

  • With speed and honor, I shall go to Korea.

  • in 1952, as Dwight Eisenhower was elected US President,

  • a 100, 000 British troops were fighting alongside their US allies in Korea.

  • It was a war now as old as the Queen's reign itself.

  • June 1953, as the coronation got underway,

  • news reached England that Edwin Hillary

  • and Tenzing Norgay had conquered Mount Everest.

  • One of the great feats of the 20th century.

  • For Elizabeth, staying the course came naturally.

  • She had made a promise between God, Queen and country.

  • I declare before you all that my whole life, whether it be long or short,

  • shall be devoted to your service and to the service of our great imperial family,

  • to which we all belong.

  • Another day, another awesome Role Call.

  • First time we've announced these states this year.

  • Oklahoma is up first. We're headed to Okemah.

  • It's where we found Okemah Middle School and the Panthers.

  • In Spring Mills, Pennsylvania you've got to watch out for the Rams.

  • They're watching from Penns Valley High School.

  • And, in Southeastern Sweden, we welcome all of our viewers in Utzola.

  • Hello to everyone at the historic Katedralskolan.

  • The Director of the International Shark Attack File, yes,

  • that is an actual job,

  • he says 2015 is on track to be an average year for shark attacks.

  • Earlier this summer, it didn't look that way.

  • There were eight incidents off the North Carolina coast in around six weeks.

  • Two teenagers lost limbs in separate attacks there.

  • Worldwide there have been more then 60 unprovoked attacks overall,

  • six of which were deadly.

  • In 2014, researchers recorded 72 unprovoked attacks.

  • Unprovoked describes an accidental attack

  • where sharks might confuse people with their normal food.

  • A provoked attack would be when people are fishing

  • or trying to catch a shark.

  • Fewer Americans go to the beach after Labor Day,

  • so attacks become less likely later in the year.

  • It's what developers describe as a new kind of electric vehicle,

  • sort of cross between a skateboard

  • and a unicycle except you don't push or pedal it.

  • One wheel has an electric motor that moves it along.

  • Because it has just one big wheel its maker's

  • say it can go off road in a way some skateboards can't.

  • But it also has one potentially big limitation.

  • The skateboard cost less than $ 100, one wheel cost 1, 500 bucks.

  • Which some would say is one wheely expensive board.

  • There'd be a lot riding on the purchase,

  • could be tough for sellers to peddle it.

  • But you'd certainly get a charge out of it.

  • It'd me an interesting motor transportation, and if some don't like it,

  • let the haters skate.

  • That's all for CNN's student news, hope to see you tomorrow.

This is CNN Student News.

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