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  • The next US presidential election is November 8th of 2016.

  • The campaign season is well underway

  • and that's where we start today on commercial free CNN Student News.

  • I'm Carl Azuz. Welcome to the show!

  • Four Americans have one major candidate from each party

  • to choose from on election day.

  • Those parties have to decide whom they'll nominate.

  • That happens during primaries and caucuses,

  • votes and meetings scheduled to start early next year.

  • Here's a look at how things stand right now.

  • For the Democrats, five people have officially announced their candidacy.

  • National polls indicate that former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton

  • is in the lead nationwide for the Democratic nomination.

  • For the Republicans, 17 people have officially announced their candidacy.

  • National polls indicate that businessman Donald Trump

  • is in the lead nationwide for the Republican nomination.

  • NASA and NOAA, the National Oceanic

  • and Atmospheric Administration held a meeting yesterday.

  • Their focus was on global sea levels and their main question

  • was how fast will sea levels rise? This isn't happening everywhere.

  • One NASA oceanographer says sea levels on the US west coast

  • have fallen over the past 20 years due to what he called natural cycles.

  • But in other areas, scientists said a rise in sea levels

  • could happen relatively fast.

  • Sea level is generally refered to as the point where the ocean meets the land.

  • Many of Earth's most important cities and thus hundred of millions of people

  • live within just a few feet of that point.

  • We're talking sea levels on a globally average scale,

  • where changes of just a couple of inches take hundreds

  • if not thousands of years to occur.

  • But if those couple of inches turn into a couple of feet

  • and that change happens in our lifetime,

  • we could be talking about drastic changes to coastlines all over the Earth.

  • Sea levels change primarily because of two main factors.

  • The primary reason is something called thermal expansion,

  • which is simply that water expands as it warms up.

  • Think of your basic thermometer.

  • As the temperature goes up, the liquid inside the column rises as it expands.

  • The second way that global sea levels will rise

  • and fall is based on how much water is tied up in land base ice.

  • Sea- based ice, like an iceberg for instance,

  • if it melts, it does not change sea level.

  • Just like if you have a drink and the ice in your drink melts,

  • it doesn't change the height of your drink

  • but land- based ice is critically important.

  • As temperatures increase,

  • that ice that's based on the land will melt and it will flow into the ocean

  • and they will raise the sea level. For instance,

  • if just the Greenland ice sheet alone were to melt,

  • it contains enough water to raise global sea levels by over 20 feet.

  • We're already seeing these processes play out.

  • In the last century as global temperatures have risen,

  • we've seen sea levels rise faster than at any point in the last 2, 000 years.

  • Time for the shoutout. Whose face is on the the US $ 10 bill? No cheating.

  • If you think you know it, shout it out.

  • Is it A, Benjamin Franklin, B, Andrew Jackson,

  • C, Abraham Lincoln, D, Alexander Hamilton? You've got three seconds. Go.

  • The first Secretary of the US Treasury Alexander Hamilton appears on the $ 10 bill.

  • That's your answer and that's your shoutout.

  • But the current Treasury Secretary,

  • Jack Lew said Hamilton won't remain the only person on the ten.

  • In the year 2020, for the first time since the 1890s,

  • a woman will appear on a US bill.

  • This is unlike Susan B Anthony and Sacagawea, who appeared on coins.

  • The Treasury isn't saying who it'll be, it's asking the public to weigh in.

  • And it's not getting rid of Hamilton,

  • it says the woman will be featured alongside him.

  • This disappointed one advocacy group

  • that said a woman should not have to, quote, share her glory.

  • But another person who championed the Treasury's plan says it's a good one.

  • This is what is called the educational series, the 1896 series.

  • And this was actually the last time that we had a woman on currency.

  • Of course, Martha Washington, here with George.

  • Our history is representing this particular era

  • and our currency should reflect that.

  • My mom and dad came from Mexico in 1958

  • and landed in Heyward, California where I was born

  • and raised My dad left when my mom was around 31 years old.

  • The oldest was 11, the youngest was just born,

  • and she definitely did a great job raising all of us

  • and sending us all off to college.

  • When I came across the Bureau of Engraving and Printing,

  • I just thought it was a treasure trove of history.

  • Renderings and vignettes, and what they designed,

  • and it was a little more than obvious,

  • that women were missing from our current notes.

  • I'll never forget the first time I made the formal presentation to Secretary Geithner.

  • It was very deliberate on how we approached it,

  • and after the presentation was over his first response was, this is cool.

  • We should do this.

  • And I'm proud to announce today that the new $ 10 bill

  • will be the first bill in more than a century to feature the portrait of a woman.

  • When Secretary Lew made the announcement

  • that we were placing a woman on the $ 10 note, it was overwhelming.

  • I have a 1, 5, 10, and a 20. Will you sign this dollar bill?

  • Absolutely and hopefully in the future

  • I can sign another version of the $ 10 bill.

  • When people ask me, what took you so long to do this?

  • My response is the same.

  • What took us all so long to have this conversation?

  • Not just a conversation about women on currency,

  • this conversation about women in general.

  • There's lots of great role models out there

  • and for the most part I just think people are excited this is happening,

  • this is historical.

  • Almost every day we announce three of the schools

  • that are watching and making requests at CNNStudentNews. com.

  • Today's roll call includes the International School of Beijing.

  • It's in the Chinese capital of Beijing. Thank you for watching.

  • Stateside, in Kentucky, the Dragons are here.

  • Green County Middle School is in Greensburg.

  • And in South Jordan, Utah, the Phoenix are rising.

  • They're at Early Light Academy, great to see you.

  • Criminologists, crime lab analysts, detectives and psychological profilers.

  • The field of criminal justice is a broad one.

  • One thing these jobs have in common

  • is their familiarity with the term statute of limitations.

  • It's a time limit, basically.

  • After it expires, suspects can no longer be charged with certain crimes.

  • The statute of limitations can vary by crime, it can vary by state.

  • It's today's subject in our ongoing series of US legal terms.

  • Why even put a time limit on when you can charge somebody with a crime?

  • Statues of limitations are based on the idea that after a certain point of time,

  • evidence becomes so unreliable that it's fundamentally unfair

  • to charge somebody with a crime.

  • As time progresses, evidence deteriorates,

  • documents disappear and memories simply fade away.

  • And limitations incentivize law enforcement to be prompt

  • and efficient in their investigation.

  • Even if the prosecutor's evidence is just as good today

  • as it was ten years ago,

  • it still might be unfair to force a defendant to figure out who, what,

  • and where he was ten years ago in his own defense.

  • Of course, there are exceptions to these limits.

  • The most famous one is murder, but murder is very unique.

  • It creates a treasure trove of evidence.

  • You have a body, you may have fingerprints,

  • you may have ballistics, you may even have DNA.

  • The general rule is, the more serious the crime,

  • the longer the limitations period.

  • If the crime is less serious, on the other hand,

  • prosecutors have a shorter period of time in which to bring charges.

  • An international group of beekeepers,

  • farmers and scientists has a new way to study bees.

  • They give them backpacks.

  • These are actually tiny microsensors that are attached to bees

  • and keep track of who they are and where they go.

  • Why? Well, the worldwide bee population is decreasing.

  • Scientists are hoping the backpacks will help people understand

  • how bees react to stress and how they pollinate.

  • They're responsible for most of the planet's insect pollination.

  • Of course, a skeptical bee might say, you've gotta be pollen my leg.

  • I'm a busy bee. Where I go is none of your beeswax.

  • Step back, honey,

  • because I've had my bee vitamins

  • and I'm feeling a little bee- littled, bee- fuddled

  • and bee- smirched by your beezily beatpack.

  • Others might be okay with the idea wondering what the buzz is all about.

  • Hope that makes up for yesterday.

  • CNN Student News will bee back tomorrow.

The next US presidential election is November 8th of 2016.

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