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  • Our third show of the school year starts right now.

  • I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • First story this Wednesday takes us out to the American West.

  • There are almost 100 wildfires burning,

  • directly affecting 10 U.S. states from Washington and California,

  • to Colorado and Montana and those in between.

  • Breaking down the numbers:

  • hundreds of homes have been destroyed, more than a million acres,

  • think a million football fields have burned.

  • Twenty-five thousand firefighters are working to contain these things.

  • And for the first time since 2007, U.S. military has been called in to help,

  • about 200 active duty personnel.

  • The military is also sending C130s large cargo planes to help douse the flames.

  • Time for the first shoutout of the school year.

  • Who famously said,

  • "Never in the field of human conflict

  • was so much owed by so many to so few"?

  • If you think you know it, shout it out.

  • Was it Franklin D. Roosevelt, George Washington,

  • Winston Churchill or Henry VIII?

  • You`ve got three seconds. Go.

  • These were the words of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill,

  • speaking to British pilots during the Battle of Britain.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • That battle lasted from July to October of 1940.

  • It was a series of relentless air raids on Britain

  • by Nazi Germany`s air force, Luftwaffe.

  • Yesterday was the 75th anniversary of the battle`s hardest day

  • when British and German forces combined lost more than 130 planes.

  • British pilots were ultimately successful

  • in defending their country from the Nazis.

  • Still, Germany dropped so many bombs during the battle

  • that even today, they`re turning up in Britain.

  • London`s darkest hour during World War II.

  • Thousands upon thousands of German bombs raining down on the city.

  • The air war has long been at peak.

  • Eight months in history simply known as "The Blitz".

  • Each dot here represents a strike in London.

  • Pull back and you can see its enormity.

  • But some never exploded and generations later,

  • they are still being unearthed.

  • The latest, a 500-pound found by builders in East London.

  • Authorities quickly evacuated more than 100 residents,

  • some to a nearby school.

  • Residents maybe barely nonchalant about

  • having an unexploded bomb in their neighborhood,

  • just a few blocks away.

  • But you have to remember, in the 1940s,

  • this death from above instilled absolute terror inside the people of London.

  • Roughly 30,000 Londoners would lose their lives among the rubble.

  • Bomb disposable experts, veterans of the wars in Iraq,

  • and Afghanistan successfully defused and removed the explosive.

  • It`s unknown how many bombs from World War II

  • remained entombed under London.

  • Catching up on a couple of significant rulings from the U.S. Supreme Court.

  • On June 25th, the court issued a decision concerning

  • President Obama`s controversial health care law

  • called the Affordable Care Act or Obamacare.

  • The case focused on the money

  • that the federal government gives to lower income Americans,

  • to help them buy health insurance.

  • The court voted 6-3 to essentially keep certain subsidies

  • and the law in place.

  • On June 27th, a closer 5-4 ruling

  • that same sex couples could marry nationwide.

  • Before the decision, 13 states had bans on gay marriage.

  • Writing for the majority, Justice Anthony Kennedy said

  • same sex couples asked for equal dignity in the eyes of the law.

  • The Constitution grants them that right.

  • And President Obama who supported the decision said love is love.

  • In dissent, Chief Justice John Roberts wrote the decision

  • had nothing to do with the Constitution.

  • And Justice Antonin Scalia said the decision threatened American democracy.

  • The issue of same sex marriage in all 50 states is settled.

  • Regardless of what the governors, what the judges,

  • what anyone wants in that state,

  • they will have to start allowing same sex marriages to take place.

  • One question that`s left opened is,

  • what if individuals within the state

  • who worked for state government or for a county say,

  • "I don`t want to because of my religious beliefs,

  • participate, officiate at these ceremonies"?

  • What I think is going to happen is these individuals

  • will be allowed to excuse themselves.

  • However, every county will have to give same sex couples

  • the same opportunities that straight couples have.

  • So, individuals don`t have to perform these ceremonies,

  • but counties have to give same sex couples the same rights,

  • the same opportunities as straight couples.

  • There are really only two ways that a Supreme Court decision

  • based on the Constitution can be overturned.

  • The first is that new justices can be appointed

  • and those justices can issue a new opinion,

  • which overturns the old one.

  • The other way a decision can be overturned is if the state legislatures,

  • congress amend the Constitution.

  • Both of those are very rare.

  • That`s why most people view Supreme Court decision as final, final, final.

  • This decision does not establish equality for

  • gay people in every area of the law.

  • For example, in about 30 states,

  • it is still legal to be fired simply because they are gay.

  • In the same number of states,

  • it`s legal to deny housing solely because they are gay.

  • Those issues are still outstanding regardless of

  • what the Supreme Court held on June 26th.

  • Catching up now with three of the schools

  • that requested a roll call mentioned at CNNStudentNews.com.

  • First up, South Korea`s got Seoul.

  • It`s not only the capital, it`s the home of Daechi Middle School.

  • Great to see you today. Stateside, we`re making a stop in Arkansas.

  • Maumelle is in the central part of the state.

  • In Maumelle Middle School, the Stingers are there.

  • And just one state east to Tennessee,

  • we`ve got the Eagles today from Ezell Harding Christian School.

  • It`s in Antioch, a little southeast of Nashville.

  • Ninety-six people are set to graduate this Friday

  • from U.S. Army`s Ranger School. This is not easy to do.

  • The class started with 400 people.

  • What`s historic about this particular graduating class is

  • that it includes two women.

  • It`s the first year of the program was opened to women.

  • But unlike male graduates,

  • the female ones cannot apply to the Army`s 75th Ranger Regiment.

  • At this point, it`s for men only and requires additional training,

  • though the Pentagon is considering changes to women`s roles in the U.S. military.

  • Army Rangers are elite troops.

  • Requirements to become one include being able to do 49 push-ups,

  • 59 sit-ups, a 5-mile run in 40 minutes,

  • a 12-mile hill march with a full combat load, training in woods,

  • mountains and swamp lands

  • and doing all of it without a lot of food or sleep.

  • Army officials say the women faced the same requirements as the men.

  • It`s not easy to get in a Hollywood`s film industry.

  • An editor who spent 40 years working in it says

  • you have to have access to a network of people,

  • a network that knows who you are.

  • So, he started a non-profit organization called Inner-City Filmmakers

  • to help young people and minority groups

  • learn the industry and connect to the network.

  • In the film industry, there are very few people of color.

  • I think people feel shut out. As an editor for over 40 years --

  • I cut back and forth, back and forth.

  • Picks up the pace, makes it more exciting.

  • I thought I`m going to help the people who need the help the most.

  • In improv, you always say yes. Yes to everything.

  • We bring in industry professionals to teach low-income

  • and minority youth how to make films.

  • And action.

  • That`s for you, baby. The training we provide is hands on.

  • Once the camera is set,

  • you want to shoot everything that you possibly can from that angle.

  • Screen writing, directing, camera, editing, producing, casting.

  • It`s necessary that they learn all these skills.

  • We`re looking for a more diverse future for our students in Hollywood,

  • and they`re achieving that.

  • Now, if I were to tell you our last story today was about a butter cow,

  • you might think a cow with really rich milk.

  • Nope, I mean, a real butter cow, a real butter, not a real cow.

  • They don`t have a cow.

  • This has been a tradition at the Iowa state fair since 1911.

  • It`s not all butter.

  • It starts with a wood and metal mesh frame

  • and then hundreds of pounds of dairy added

  • until a moving sculpture about eight feet long stands in a giant cooler.

  • Some might cower at the thought of having the butter up

  • 600-pound bourbon bread spread.

  • After all, there`s probably not much margarine for error

  • or ruminate for improvement.

  • But as long as we`re chewing the cud,

  • we may as well put some butter on it,

  • topping another flavorful edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • And if you don`t like those puns,

  • we`ll just have to turn out some butter ones later on.I`m Carl Azuz.

Our third show of the school year starts right now.

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August 19, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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