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  • Welcome to Tuesday`s edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • This is our last show before the Thanksgiving holiday.

  • First up, U.S. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel is resigning.

  • It`s been the greatest privilege of my life.

  • The greatest privilege of my life to lead and most important to serve,

  • to serve with the men and women of the Defense Department and support their families.

  • And President Obama said the lives of U.S. service men and women

  • have always been at the center of Hagel`s service.

  • The president also called Hagel exemplary and says his decision to resign didn`t come easily,

  • but several sources told CNN that the president forced Hagel out.

  • A senator who recently spoke to Hagel said he was frustrated with the Obama administration.

  • One reason being a lack of strategy for dealing with ISIS terrorist group.

  • The White House said disagreement over Syria had nothing to do with Hagel`s resignation.

  • The Defense Secretary is a cabinet position. It oversees the U.S. military.

  • Hagel will stay on until the next Defense Secretary is confirmed.

  • That has to be done with the advice and consent of the Senate.

  • The verdict from a grand jury in Ferguson, Missouri: 28-year old police officer Darren Wilson

  • will not be charged in the shooting death of 18-year old Michael Brown.

  • The grand jury`s decision came about 3.5 months after Officer Wilson shot Brown who was unarmed.

  • There was a confrontation between them on August 9.

  • Some witnesses and those who supported Brown said he was trying to surrender when Officer Wilson shot him.

  • Police and those who supported Wilson said Brown assaulted the officer and that Wilson fired in self-defense.

  • The country prosecutor said that after a full and impartial examination of all of the evidence

  • which only the grand jury saw, it found no probable cause to charge Officer Wilson with wrongdoing.

  • The verdict was not what many demonstrators wanted to hear.

  • In the hours that followed, the protest turned violent. Stores were vandalized.

  • Police cars were damaged to set on fire.

  • Police were using tear gas and smoke bombs.

  • Teachers, you can find the latest events from Ferguson at cnn.com.

  • Let`s start out west today in the beehive state of Utah.

  • We`ve got a request from Central Davis Junior High School.

  • It`s in the city of Layton, and it`s where the cubs are watching CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • To La Grange, Texas for the leopards. They are lying at La Grange High School.

  • Good to see you. And then Kronenwetter, Wisconsin.

  • We`ve got the wild cats of Northland Lutheran High School.

  • Please keep your requests coming at cnnstudentnews.com

  • Next story, earthquakes. We told you yesterday about the strong one that shook part of Japan last weekend.

  • In the northwest corner of Nevada there`ve been more than 50 tremors over the past week.

  • Thousands in recent months. Now, they are relatively small and they are in a relatively remote part of the state.

  • But seismologists are concerned over these earthquake swarms.

  • I`m in Hayward, California, just east of San Francisco, and danger lurks right beneath my feet.

  • There`s a major fault right beneath this parking lot, and it`s due to go.

  • It could happen in the next ten years, it could happen next year. It could happen right now.

  • You never know when earthquakes are going to occur.

  • And that`s part of the reason why many are alarmed over earthquake swarms.

  • An earthquake swarm is a concentration of earthquakes in a short period of time.

  • One area that has experienced this phenomenon, is in a remote desert that links Oregon, Nevada and California.

  • There`ve also been swarms in other parts of the country

  • that you wouldn`t normally associate with earthquakes.

  • Places like Kansas and Oklahoma, some have suggested that fracking is to blame,

  • that`s the method to extract oil and natural gas from the ground,

  • but there`s no universal agreement on that.

  • but there`s no universal agreement on that.

  • They`ve certainly rattled some nerves and they (INAUDIBLE) the question whether or not a bigger quake might be coming.

  • Any time you are in area and you begin to have earthquakes,

  • the thought is am I going to have something? And the reality is, we don`t know.

  • The bottom line is, earthquake swarms are getting a ton of attention, most of these quakes,

  • of course, are harmless, but if you live in an area that is prone to them,

  • it`s a good reminder to have an earthquake plan ready and some emergency supplies on hand.

  • Another deadline has come and gone, no deal it:

  • we are talking about negotiations between the Middle Eastern nation of Iran and the U.S.

  • and some other world powers. Here`s the issue: Iran has a nuclear program.

  • The nation says it`s strictly for peaceful purposes like nuclear power.

  • The U.S. and other Western nations believe Iran is trying to build a nuclear weapon.

  • Direct negotiations over this issue have been going on for more than a year.

  • They involve Iran, on one side, and on the other,

  • the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany.

  • Western nations have put economic sanctions, economic penalties on Iran over its nuclear program.

  • Iran wants those lifted. Western countries want Iran`s nuclear capability limited,

  • a big sticking point who makes the first move.

  • The deadline for a deal was supposed to be tonight. It`s been extended to next March.

  • Keep different passwords for different sites.

  • Don`t link your social media and email accounts, back up your important files off line.

  • All of these were things that experts recommend to stay safer online,

  • to keep personal info personal and if you ever log on to an unsecured WiFi network,

  • you could be letting a hacker know everything he or she needs to still from you.

  • A breezy fall day in Central Park, and like many others my colleague Jose Palieri (ph) is taking a break.

  • He finds a convenient place to stop and browse the Internet.

  • But he`s about to fall into a cyber-trap.

  • Kaylab Hoff (ph) is an expert in online intrusions with all the skills of your typical hacker.

  • He`s created an unsecured public Wi-Fi network. Jose is our next victim.

  • Right on queue.The Central Park Wi-Fi is not the only one that`s not locked down.

  • That`s his first mistake, and it`s a big one.

  • Do not connect to open Wi-Fi networks. Jose checks his email ...

  • So, what we are seeing right here, someone is logging into Yahoo.com.

  • Then he decides to go shopping.Winter is coming, (INAUDIBLE) myself a new coat.

  • Something just popped up.

  • Right. So, it looks like somebody is logging into their Amazon account,

  • their email address is displayed right here, password is displayed right here.

  • Like so many of us Jose is using the same password for email and Amazon,

  • , another mistake. Now, we have all this information.

  • Let`s see how far a hacker might take it using just my everyday cell phone.

  • Cyber Joey, CNN.So, I`m in, I`ve gotten into our victim`s Amazon account.

  • I have the American Express card already in there. He saved it, there you go.

  • I just made a purchase on his Amazon account.

  • Jose will have no idea he`s been hacked until he sees his bill.

  • Kaylab now has access to his email account, his Amazon account and his credit card.

  • For everyone involved, a walk in the park.

  • Founding father Ben Franklin wasn`t a fan of our national symbol.

  • In a letter to his daughter he called the bald eagle a bird of bad moral character.

  • What would he have preferred? Well, Ben Franklin liked the turkey.

  • He called it more respectable and courageous despite being a little silly.

  • Now, that`s random.

  • But a dove tails nicely into our five facts about Thanksgiving report:

  • one, it`s America`s second favorite holiday.

  • Christmas is first, turkeys are often on the menu for both, so bad news for them.

  • Two, they probably weren`t at the table at the first Thanksgiving.

  • That more likely included geese, ducks and beer. History ties them to a third point.

  • The first Thanksgiving was probably in 1621 when English colonists and Native Americans shared a harvest feast.

  • Four, Thanksgiving wasn`t an official holiday in the U.S. until the Civil War.

  • On October 3 1863, President Lincoln declared the national holiday.

  • That was on a Thursday, and it`s stock.

  • Five, Thanksgiving traditionally kicks of the Christmas shopping season.

  • President Franklin Roosevelt tried to move it to the third Thursday in November

  • to extend shopping season and stimulate the economy.

  • Some states didn`t like that, so in 1942,

  • Thanksgiving was moved to its permanent home on the Fourth Thursday in November.

  • Now that we`ve set the table, it`s time to dig in.

  • This is how the pros do it. I don`t mean your uncle Ralphie.

  • I mean competitive eaters like Joey Chestnut.

  • At last weekend`s turkey eating contests,

  • Chestnut stuffed his face with more than 9 pounds of turkey meat in less than ten minutes.

  • It was an entire bird minus the bones.

  • It was a record, it won Chestnut $5,000 and probably a really good nap.

  • He must have been a triptofanatic to bear the burden,

  • just staying awake would be turkey to victorkey (ph),

  • and as far as the winning statokey, well, he just kind of wing it.

  • We are giving thanks for you this Thanksgiving.

  • And while that gobbles up all our time, there`s just none leftover.

  • Don`t get your feathers ruffled.

  • CNN STUDENT NEWS trots back December 1 with more stories and pawns all cooked up.

  • I`m Carl Azuz.

Welcome to Tuesday`s edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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