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  • Fridays are awesome! I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • Ten minutes of current events, zero minutes of commercials.

  • A lot to cover today starting with last night`s announcement of a controversial executive action.

  • This is a policy set by the president without the consent of Congress.

  • It can be challenged in court, it can be changed by another president.

  • The one that President Obama announced last night has to do with immigration.

  • There are more than 11 million people who live in the U.S. illegally.

  • The president`s action would allow 5 million of them, mostly the parents of children

  • who were born in the U.S. to stay in the U.S. without the threat of being deported.

  • The action allows them to stay for three years as long as they pass background checks and pay any taxes they owe.

  • The action is limited, it cannot allow undocumented immigrants to stay permanently.

  • It cannot provide a way for them to become U.S. citizens.

  • It cannot give them access to government benefits or healthcare programs.

  • That would all require Congress.

  • Mass deportation would be both impossible and contrary to our character.

  • What I`m describing is accountability, a common sense middle ground approach.

  • If you meet the criteria, you can come out of the shadows and get right with the law.

  • If you a criminal, you`ll be deported.

  • If you plan to enter the U.S. illegally, your chances of getting caught and sent back just went up.

  • Republicans and Democrats agree that U.S. immigration policy needs to be changed.

  • They don`t agree on how to do that.

  • Republican and some Democratic lawmakers have urged the president to go through Congress to make changes to immigration law.

  • The White House says it`s because the House of Representatives hadn`t acted on immigration that the president did.

  • Before the speech, House Speaker John Boehner said President Obama was going too far.

  • Instead of working together to fix our broken immigration system, the president says he`s acting on his own.

  • That`s just not how a democracy works.

  • The president have said before that he`s not king and he`s not an emperor.

  • But he`s sure acting like one.

  • And he`s doing another time when the American people want nothing more than for us to walk together.

  • White House officials say the president`s plan is similar to other actions ordered by other presidents including Republicans,

  • but no executive action has even involved these many people before.

  • Part of my role is to call the roles, so let`s roll our call of the roll call.

  • Pawnee City Public School, it`s in Nebraska, the Indians are watching today in Pawnee City.

  • In the West Virginian capital, the Capital High School Cougars are online.

  • Hello, to Charleston, West Virginia and one state east of West Virginia,

  • in Virginia, in Quantico Middle High School we`ve got the Warriors of Quantico.

  • A 38-year old resident of Buffalo, New York says she`s lived there her whole life

  • and never seen anything like this: people have been trapped in their houses,

  • roofs have started to splinter and collapse, snow plows aren`t even running.

  • Authorities are using dump trucks to haul snow away.

  • Buffalo gets an average of around 94 inches of snow per year,

  • that`s almost 8 feet per year. The city could see that this week alone.

  • Since it`s hard for residents to get around, here`s a view from the air taken by a drone.

  • Rescuers are having to walk around snowdrifts to get people to hospitals.

  • At least ten people have died in the storm.

  • Sunday`s NFL game near Buffalo was canceled, and even though it`s supposed to warm up

  • and rain there this weekend, that could mean flooding.What caused all of this?

  • Lake effect snow is one of the coolest things on the planet.

  • I grew up in Buffalo, New York, and lake effect snow is just a way of life.

  • When the water is not frozen yet, so still on the fall,

  • it can happen in the spring after the lake thaws, but typically it`s in the fall.

  • The water is warm, 45 degrees and the air is ten.

  • And that difference when that air goes across the lake, the steam from the lake gets up into the cloud cover,

  • gets up into the clouds and enhance the snow, and it turns into a snow machine like you would see at a ski resort.

  • Lake effect snow can happen anywhere in the world,

  • if there`s cold air coming over an unfrozen warm body of water.

  • By the time that air hits land whether it`s France or Buffalo,

  • you can get heavy lake effect snow coming in from any direction as long as that wind is blowing across a lake or an ocean.

  • Lake effect snow comes down very fast. Three to five inches per hour.

  • When you are trying to shovel that much snow so quickly,

  • you have to almost keep going to keep up with it,

  • but that`s the heart attack snow that we talk about:

  • it`s heavy and you have to throw it over your shoulder to get it over the top of the pile at snow that`s already there.

  • The media activists and police are keeping a close eye on Ferguson, Missouri.

  • A grand jury`s decision could come today on whether to charge a 28-year old white police officer

  • named Darren Wilson in the shooting death of an unarmed black 18-year old named Michael Brown.

  • The incident on August 9 spite racial tensions in Ferguson.

  • Some witnesses say Brown was trying to surrender to the officer when he was shot.

  • Police have said Brown assaulted the officer before he was shot.

  • Many protesters want Officer Wilson charged with murder.

  • If the grand jury doesn`t think there`s enough evidenced to do that,

  • city officials are concerned that protests would turn violent.

  • Missouri`s governor has declared a state of emergency as a precaution.

  • The National Guard has been called in and police say they are prepared to both protect lawful people and arrest criminals.

  • If you have a model airplane, you don`t need permission from the Federal Aviation Administration to fly it.

  • As long as you are using it for recreation.

  • But let`s say you have a drone, and you want to use it for commercial or business reasons.

  • That needs to go through the FAA regardless of where you are or how high you fly it.

  • The laws, though, are still being written.

  • Technology always outpaces the law, and the law will always struggle to catch up to technology.

  • And when it comes to drones, those little flying devices,

  • while we are still waiting on regulations regarding commercial use.

  • And we`d better hurry, because in just a few years,

  • these things are going to be buzzing around everywhere.

  • That`s why as a lawyer, I`m getting into the drone law business.

  • Just think about the liability alone. What if your drone crashes into somebody on the street?

  • What if your drone crashes into another drone?

  • And who should be allowed to even fly these drones?

  • What if your driver`s license is suspended? Can we really trust you with a flying device,

  • if we can`t even trust you with a car?

  • if we can`t even trust you with a car?

  • Think about aviation law? How close should a drone be allowed to an airport?

  • How about an office building? What if you own an airplane?

  • Do you really want a drone doing a flyby? And think about the law of trespassing.

  • In the past, the question of whether or not someone could fly a camera over your home was academic.

  • Now, we build fences on the ground. How would we bill fences over our property?

  • But perhaps the biggest change will be in the area of criminal law.

  • As it is, police can only watch your home using technologies that are available to the general public.

  • So, the high tech stuff is usually out. But with drones, if everybody has them,

  • how can you possibly argue that the police can`t use them?

  • At the end of the day, drones are going to be big business for everybody:

  • lawyers and consumers and manufacturers. And really,

  • it won`t cost all that much. Just our sense of privacy.

  • The tallest rollercoaster in the world is Kingda Ka at a Six Flags in New Jersey.

  • It reaches 456 feet into the sky. A new ride in Orlando, Florida

  • aims to beat that by almost 80 feet. It`s called the skyscraper.

  • Set to open in 2017, it`s a tower that the cars drive up, then spiral down all around it.

  • Will it go upside down? Yes. Will it go fast? Yes.

  • Will it take up a lot of space? Not really, unless you count it`s 535 foot tall height.

  • Well, someone say it`s for the birds. But if you are for acrobatic interactives overstatic

  • , you will scrape up to the sky at the height of scraper`s high.

  • Would this rolling coasting roller coaster twisting tracking record boaster could exceed your need for speed,

  • were eagles there to fly. Acrofobics don`t apply.

  • On track off the rails, that`s your Friday edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

Fridays are awesome! I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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November 21, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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