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  • CARL AZUZ, HOST, CNN STUDENT NEWS: I`m Carl Azuz and welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • It`s Thursday, and today the U.S. Senate could start debating the issue of guns.

  • Two senators, Democrat Joe Manchin and Republican Pat Toomey, have come up with a compromise on background checks.

  • The current law requires background checks for people who buy guns from licensed dealers.

  • This new plan would expand the checks to include sales at gun shows and sales online.

  • Private sales, like those from one person to another would not require a background check.

  • SEN. PAT TOOMEY, R-PENNSYLVANIA: The common ground rests on a simple proposition

  • and that is that criminals and the dangerously mentally ill shouldn`t have guns.

  • SEN. JOE MANCHIN, D-WEST VIRGINIA: This is common sense. This is gun sense.

  • AZUZ: The NRA, the National Rifle Association, describes Senators Toomey and Manchin as strong supporters of gun rights.

  • But it says their proposal would not affect the core problems of gun violence.

  • First Lady Michelle Obama was also talking about guns yesterday.

  • She was in Chicago, a city that`s been affected by a wave of gun violence.

  • Five- hundred thirty-five people were killed by gun violence last year.

  • That`s about 100 more people than the year before.

  • Mrs. Obama visited a school yesterday where 29 current and former students had been shot in the past year.

  • MICHELLE OBAMA, FIRST LADY OF THE UNITED STATES: I`m not talking about something that`s happening in a war zone halfway around the world.

  • I am talking about what`s happening in the city that we call home.

  • If our kids keep waking up in neighborhoods where they don`t feel safe on their own front porches,

  • if they`re still attending schools with crumbling ceilings and ripped-up text books,

  • if there`s nowhere safe for them to go when that afternoon bell rings, then nothing speaks louder than that.

  • AZUZ: The first lady`s husband, President Obama, was speaking yesterday too,

  • talking about his proposal for the U.S. government`s budget.

  • It includes the president`s suggestions for how the country would spend and save money.

  • And it`s getting some criticism from Republicans and Democrats.

  • The president`s plan is just one proposal in just one part of the federal budget process.

  • Most years, it starts from the president`s proposal.

  • This year, there are three budget proposals -

  • one from the White House, one from the U.S. Senate, and one from the U.S. House of Representatives.

  • The House and Senate released their proposals about a month ago.

  • Once the proposal, or this year proposals, come out,

  • then the House and Senate budget committees work on figuring out what`s in and what`s out.

  • Those committees are responsible for coming up with a single budget resolution.

  • If the full House and Senate both pass that resolution, and the president agrees, then the budget goes into effect.

  • If the resolution doesn`t pass, and that`s not unusual, then the government can use a continuing resolution -

  • basically the budget numbers from the past year continue into the new year.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Is this legit?

  • Neilsen ratings measure television viewership.

  • It`s true. Television networks use those ratings when deciding how much to charge advertisers.

  • AZUZ: Most Americans watch their TV shows here.

  • There`s a new study out that suggests a growing number of Americans who are watching here, or here.

  • The study shows that 5 million Americans don`t actually watch TV on TV,

  • and those viewers aren`t being counted as part of the Neilsen ratings.

  • Zain Asher now looks at how the way we watch TV can affect the way that companies make money on TV.

  • ZAIN ASHER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It wasn`t so long ago that almost every household had a landline,

  • connected to the world through plugs and wires.

  • But the rotary soon came and went, the phone became mobile, and now the television is doing the same.

  • Neilsen, a consumer research group, says more of us are watching TV without a TV -

  • on laptops, tablets, phones, anywhere but here.

  • And often, at a fraction of the cost.

  • PROF. ROBERT THOMPSON, SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY: The old idea of waiting till something is on to watch it is something that many simply don`t feel the need to tolerate anymore.

  • ASHER: Five percent of Americans are now disconnected.

  • Two and a half times the number five years ago.

  • DHIYA KURIAKOSE, COLUMBIA STUDENT: I`m graduating (ph) in broadcast television journalism and I don`t own a TV, so that`s saying something.

  • ASHER: What Neilsen calls "The Zero TV Generation," seems to be younger and more comfortable with content on the go.

  • As more Americans disconnect, experts say it`s the cable companies who could be left holding the bag.

  • THOMPSON: These operations are going to have to come up with ways to get their material available in some way that`s going to make them money on all kinds of different devices.

  • JOHN BERGMAYER, ATTORNEY PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE: They make their living delivering content to people,

  • and if people are getting their content another way, they might find themselves cut out.

  • ASHER: For decades family, friends, coworkers, would watch the same programs on TV`s schedule.

  • And then talk about it at work, at home, and on the phone.

  • JOHN MCKINNEY, ASHE AVENUE: I mean the thing that happens now is like if you watch, say, the new episode of "Game of Thrones,"

  • then you`re going to go on Facebook and talk about it or tweet about it or something,

  • ASHER: A new and different social conversation.

  • AZUZ: All right, are you part of the zero TV generation, or could you be?

  • Join the conversation on our blog about whether you could do without cable and satellite TV.

  • Teachers also, please sound of on today`s show. It`s all on the same site, CNNstudentnews.com.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Today`s shout out goes out to Mrs. Raugust`s class at Davenport Middle School in Davenport, Washington.

  • What sports event is associated with the "green jacket?"

  • You know what to do here. Is it the Kentucky Derby, Indianapolis 500, Tour de France, or Masters Tournament?

  • You`ve got three seconds, go.

  • The winner of the Masters golf tournament gets the green jacket.

  • That`s your answer, and that`s your shout out.

  • STEVE EUBANKS, CONTRIBUTING EDITOR, PGA.COM: The Masters is the first major golf event of the year, and it`s the unofficial start of spring.

  • The Masters is much different than anything else because it`s held at the same golf course every year, Augusta National.

  • The reason the tournament is so exclusive is it`s still an invitational.

  • It`s very much like getting invited to the member guest at your local club.

  • They bring in people from all over the world to play in this thing and it`s the greatest invitation that you can get in the game.

  • Course changes almost every year.

  • The course that they played in the 1930`s bares no resemblance to the course they`re playing today.

  • Every year something is tweaked, something is changed.

  • President Eisenhower was one of the most famous members of Augusta National,

  • and he always had difficulty with the big pine tree to the left of the 17th fairway.

  • Ike was a slicer, and he started that ball right at the tree, and most of the time, it got hung up in there.

  • He threatened to shop it down, and Clifford Roberts told him that be might have freed the world, but that tree was remaining.

  • The Masters is the most sought-after ticket in sports, because there`s no place to go buy it.

  • The tickets that have been around, people have had them for decades and, in some instances, for generations.

  • You can get on the lottery program for either practice rounds or the par three tournament,

  • but to get in it`s a very very special treat.

  • Perhaps the two most significant events in golf were Jack Nicklaus` win in 1986.

  • Still considered perhaps the greatest golf tournament of all time when the Golden Bear came charging back and became the oldest Masters winner.

  • The other was in 1997 when Tiger Woods burst on the scene as an amateur and became the youngest Masters winner, setting a record for margin of victory in the event.

  • The green jacket was established originally so that people would know who the members were at the club.

  • They wanted the members to all be wearing something distinctive so that if a spectator,

  • or as they called them, patrons at the Masters had a question,

  • they would know who to walk up to and ask.

  • The first winner to receive a green jacket was Sam Sneed in 1949.

  • It was an idea that Bob Jones thought would make the tournament a little more special and set it apart.

  • AZUZ: Former U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice isn`t a Masters winner.

  • She is a member of August National Golf Club, which is why she is wearing one of those famed green jackets.

  • Rice is one of the first female members admitted to the traditionally all male club.

  • She played a practice round on the Augusta course earlier this week.

  • Guan Tianliang will be on the course today when the Masters tournament officially begins.

  • On Monday, he played a practice round with Tiger Woods.

  • In 1997 Woods became the youngest Masters winner.

  • Today, Tianliang becomes the youngest Masters player.

  • He`s 14 years, five months, and 14 days old.

  • He wasn`t even born when Woods won his first green jacket.

  • Before we go. Why did the chicken cross the road? Who cares!

  • We`re more curious about why this raccoon crossed these utility wires, or really how it got across them.

  • A woman in Toronto looked out her window and saw the critter creeping its way across -

  • one set of paws on the bottom wire, the other hanging on top.

  • It traversed between trees that were about a football field apart.

  • Can you imagine going that far on utility wires?

  • You`d get a real charge out of making it across safely.

  • The raccoon didn`t cause any problems, it was an upstanding citizen.

  • You know, his friends asked something like why are you doing this? The answer, I`m just high strung.

  • Our puns are always a bit of a tightrope act, but I think we`ve found the right balance.

  • Back tomorrow, see you then.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, HOST, CNN STUDENT NEWS: I`m Carl Azuz and welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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April 11, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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