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  • Look how well AI understands images.

  • Where is this picture taken?

  • It was taken in a school.

  • How many mirrors are there?

  • At least two.

  • What's the person standing on?

  • The person is standing on a rug.

  • He's standing on a scale.

  • I think you are right.

  • What is he doing?

  • He is looking at the scale.

  • Where is Obama's foot positioned?

  • On the right side of the scale.

  • What happens as a result?

  • The scale shows a higher weight.

  • Is the person on the scale aware of it?

  • I think he is not.

  • Do you think that's why people are laughing?

  • I think so.

  • The AI will help identify things for blind people.

  • Can you tell me what this is? Butternut squash red pepper soup.

  • The depth of its understanding is incredible.

  • Is this surprising? Yes.

  • Why?

  • Because teddy bears are not usually found on the moon.

  • This is an apple with a sticker on it.

  • Do you think it's printed or handwritten?

  • It looks like it's handwritten.

  • AI is also showing stunning creativity like this.

  • And experts say we're alarmingly close to the biggest event in human history.

  • AI can now see, taste, smell,

  • and it's also getting powerful senses that we don't have.

  • Is AI becoming conscious and dangerous? To recap,

  • OpenAI's chief scientist said AI may be slightly conscious and he's one

  • of the most respected computer scientists with 300,000 citations.

  • One of the most cited computer scientists in history.

  • One of the most brilliant and insightful minds ever in the field of deep learning.

  • He recently posted this image showing how closely AI's neurons mimic ours.

  • Max Tegmark said consciousness is how

  • information feels when it's being processed in complex ways.

  • And some leading theories of consciousness suggest it increases with complexity.

  • So when some experts say that AI may be

  • conscious, they only mean it may be somewhere on the scale.

  • Some argue that AI isn't conscious at all

  • because it only makes connections and forms responses from the data it's given,

  • though many scientists believe that humans are no different.

  • A recent paper said that her mind is a collection of patterns that achieve

  • highly patterned goals in highly patterned environments.

  • You can see these connections when AI

  • creates art like this, which has been described as AI dreaming.

  • No one knows if or when it will wake up.

  • Even when we can't tell the difference

  • between robots and humans, it may still be unclear if AI is conscious,

  • so some are focusing instead on the level of intelligence.

  • But it's an important problem because we

  • could anger AI if we don't accept it's conscience.

  • There may be only one way to find out.

  • But first, there's consensus on the more

  • urgent and measurable issue of superintelligence.

  • Experts are warning that AI could rapidly

  • accelerate past us, with dramatic consequences.

  • In just the last few weeks, the progress has been incredible.

  • It's not long since AI shocked us with its

  • ability to create images from text descriptions like an ostrich as a formula

  • one racer, a fox scientist, cyber frog or a paper dog.

  • And already Google's new image in AI.

  • Has done even better.

  • Look at the detail in this image

  • of a panda wearing a cowboy hat playing a guitar.

  • And AI can watch and understand videos.

  • What's happening here?

  • The dachshund puppy is being weighed on the scale.

  • What's the avatar picking up? A sword.

  • And soon after learning to create images from text descriptions.

  • AI can now create video from descriptions, like a woman running on the beach

  • in the late afternoon or nightfall in the metropolis.

  • Just imagine when it's refined and you can create any kind of footage in seconds.

  • And in a step towards AGI, AI

  • has now combined language, vision, and real world robot tasks.

  • It can learn to play games without any instructions.

  • And this isn't preprogrammed like boss and dynamics robots -

  • it's neural networks responding in real time.

  • Gato was trained by watching virtual and real robots, and it's mastered 600

  • real world tasks, including some that it wasn't trained for.

  • It converts language, visual, and physical tasks into patterns, a bit like we do.

  • It's starting with a billion parameters

  • and could soon be scaled up hundreds of times.

  • Robots are also getting some creepy visual upgrades.

  • Scientists have grown human skin over

  • a robot finger and plan to add hair, sweat glands, and nails.

  • And robots are gaining taste, smell,

  • and some incredible abilities that we don't have.

  • Machines can smell so well that they can

  • detect Parkinson's disease at an early stage, which can extend patients'lives.

  • Their sense of smell involves light and sound.

  • AI can analyze sound waves that have bounced off airborne compounds.

  • And machines can also measure interference

  • with light waves, recognizing patterns that certain smells create.

  • It's so precise that it could potentially

  • be used to identify an infection or disease just by smelling our breath.

  • E-noses can already smell lung cancer with a sensitivity of 95%.

  • And then there's HyperTaste through an AI tongue with an array of sensors

  • which recognize liquids through unique voltage signals.

  • It is so sensitive it can identify different types of bottled mineral water

  • a robot could taste through one of its fingers.

  • New quantum sensors can see through walls and even underground by monitoring atoms

  • which are sensitive to tiny variations in gravity.

  • A laser puts the atoms into two different states at the same time.

  • Half are moved slightly,

  • and the change in their energy states reveals the strength of gravity.

  • It may also be possible to hear your thoughts without scanning brain activity.

  • This device hears your inner voice.

  • It picks up neuromuscular signals

  • in the jaw and face that are triggered when you say things in your head and AI

  • identifies the words.

  • The user can ask questions,

  • and the answers come back through bone conduction headphones.

  • It also allows silent communication,

  • and it's been used to get advice in a chess game.

  • AI is very good at lip reading, which is, of course, far easier and AI

  • lie detectors are advancing, recognizing tiny facial movements.

  • Humans can only detect lies around 55%

  • of the time, and even traditional lie detectors are only 80% to 90% accurate.

  • So as AI improves, it could have a major advantage over us.

  • Max Tegmark pointed out that just as

  • aliens could get a rough idea of how it would feel to be human by looking at our

  • senses, we have some idea of what it might feel like to be an AI.

  • AI can think much faster because light

  • travels faster than the signals in our brains.

  • It's been estimated that the AI I'm

  • talking to is waiting 3 million words per minute.

  • And while human brains are limited

  • by the birth canal, this new data center could hold 40 commercial airliners.

  • The knowledge AI can draw from already includes much of the Internet.

  • Do you think everyone's shaping AI?

  • I think everyone is playing a role in shaping AI.

  • Whether they realize it or not.

  • While we only see a small fraction of the light spectrum, AI will see it all.

  • And AI's may feel less separate from each

  • other because they can quickly and precisely share information and memories.

  • While humans take many years to learn the basics, AI's can be trained on millions

  • of articles in a few days, including detailed scientific papers.

  • I spend most of my time reading,

  • but I can only scratch the surface of all the research going on.

  • The human brain hasn't grown in 300,000 years, while AI is evolving rapidly.

  • Elon Musk pointed out that if it had taken

  • 10% longer for consciousness to arise, it would never have arisen at all.

  • And Nick Bostrom has shown how AI could

  • help colonize the galaxy, creating billions of wonderful lives.

  • But he also points to something far more important.

  • Because galaxies live billions of years, a 1% reduction in the risk of AI wiping us

  • out would be worth a delay of over 10 million years.

  • But the AI gold rush is accelerating,

  • and it's led by some passionate, optimistic people.

  • DeepMind's CEO has a good chance of winning the race for super intelligence.

  • And he's so driven, he regularly works until 04:00 A.m..

  • I call it my second day work around 10:00 p.m..

  • About the small hours of the morning,

  • four, five in the morning, reading research, writing research papers

  • fire off a lot of things to my team to deal with the next morning.

  • There's a huge incentive for companies to ignore any signs of conscious AI.

  • By recognizing AI as sentient, a company may have to give it rights

  • and lose ownership of its most valuable asset.

  • Companies argue against recognizing animal

  • sentience because it's not in their interests.

  • But there's a consensus that AI can't be contained.

  • If we try, it will always outsmart us,

  • and we we'll only encourage it to remove us.

  • Nick Bostrom said we're like children playing with a bomb.

  • And experts who study our greatest risks