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  • Hi, everyone. I`m Carl Azuz. We are kicking off a new week and ten minutes of commercial free current events.

  • First up, President Obama is postponing his planned executive order on immigration.

  • Now, let`s break this down.

  • An executive order is a policy, a directive that presidents can issue on their own.

  • It doesn`t go through Congress, but it`s more limited than laws that do.

  • With Congress divided between Democrats and Republicans and compromise not in the air,

  • President Obama has issued nearly 200 executive orders, some on controversial issues.

  • He promised to give a new on immigration before the end of the summer, but he now says he`ll wait until after the midterm elections.

  • The president says this will give him more time to explain his decision to the public,

  • but some analysts call this a political move, saying he`s trying to keep divisive issues from hurting his fellow Democrats in November`s congressional elections.

  • Some groups that support immigration reform say he needs to take action now,

  • and some lawmakers, Democrats and Republicans say he needs to go through Congress to reform immigration law.

  • A strategic dam in Iraq, a terrorist group trying to get control, U.S. airstrikes called in to help Iraqi forces. Sounds familiar?

  • The same scenario played out last month at a dam in the Tigris River.

  • Yesterday, it happened at the Euphrates River. Iraqi forces have been fighting ISIS or Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.

  • It`s the terrorist group trying to get control of strategic places like the Haditha Dam.

  • It provides water to millions of people in western and southern Iraq, so the last thing Iraqis and the U.S. want,

  • is for it to fall into hands of ISIS.

  • We know much more about ISIS now than we did a few months ago.

  • We know how brutal they can be, how well financed, how powerful.

  • But one we don`t know about ISIS would still feel values.

  • For starters, how big is their fighting force?

  • On the low end of the estimates, you get around 10,000 people, and the high end around, 80,000.

  • This is in part because ISIS is forming alliances with people who share their radical ideology.

  • Now, that does that make these other groups members of ISIS or just temporary partners in crime?

  • You can`t really say.

  • How much land does ISIS control?

  • Again, if you look at some maps, you see relatively thin sanctions of northern Iraq and Syria under ISIS control.

  • But if you expand to say let`s talk about all the areas where ISIS has influence or followers.

  • Then you start picking up places like Jordan and Lebanon and even Europe.

  • And the United States. It`s hard to say how many of these people are dedicated to it or if that represents real influence by ISIS.

  • What does ISIS want? They want a caliphate.

  • This would be a country, a state ruled by a supreme religious leader who enforces strict Islamic law on the people underneath this person.

  • Now, they want to have this right now, it appears in the area spanning Iraq and Syria,

  • along that border, but the question is will they be satisfied with that. If they get that country would they then want more land, more people, more power?

  • Do they have designs on striking the United States?

  • There have been videos that suggest that ISIS leaders would like to raise their flag over the White House.

  • We don`t know how much of that is actual planning and how much of it is bluster.

  • Security experts say, it all has to be taken very seriously.

  • And finally, that brings up a big questions: what can anyone do about these terrorists?

  • Because despite airstrikes and talk about international cooperation, this remains the biggest unknown about ISIS.

  • A healthy and full lake in northern California.

  • There`s only one problem: this picture is three years old.

  • And now I`m walking on top of that very same bridge, take a look. It is a virtual desert.

  • This is what drought looks like in the state of California.

  • And not just any drought, California is more than two years into the worst drought and it`s recorded history.

  • Its governor has declared a state of emergency,

  • farmers have lost their crops.

  • New research published in the journal "Nature" suggests that the drying up of groundwater in the Central Valley could change pressure in the earth and trigger more earthquakes.

  • Experts say they`ll be small, not much damage, but the droughts damage has been done.

  • Where I`m standing is a powerful symbol of California`s crippling drought.

  • This is like Mendocino in northern California, and it`s pretty much dried up.

  • Normally you`d see people out in the water using their boats, but right now it`s just pretty much a desert.

  • The lack of rain has pushed nearly 80 percent of the state into either extreme or exceptional drought categories.

  • Those are the highest levels.

  • And most of the major reservoirs, the water that sustains so many communities throughout the state, those are less than half full.

  • It`s so dry that thieves are actually stealing water.

  • A father and daughter living off a water tank in the Central Valley say they`ve been ripped off eight times.

  • It`s horrible. We go without showering, we can`t flush our toilets, we can`t wash our hands.

  • At Hearst Castle, a popular attraction for tourists, they had to drain the reflective Neptune pool earlier.

  • The sparkling blue water has given away to a skateboarders fantasy.

  • The drought also having an impact on food prices.

  • Meat and produce rising as much as six percent, according to the USDA, fast food chains like Chipotle and In and Out Burger that raised their prices.

  • We are also seeing a new phenomenon on what so called drought busters.

  • People coming through communities, looking for water wasters, leaky sprinklers, things of that nature.

  • And public parks, some cities are no longer watering the grass, and you can see brown patches in places like Santa Barbara along the waterfront.

  • It`s been a very long summer, and there was just no end inside for this drought.

  • To request a mention right here, go to our transcript page, at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • Today`s schools from east to west:

  • Scarborough Middle School in Scarborough, Maine, where the Red Storm is brewing.

  • Welsh High School in Welsh, Louisiana, where they greyhounds outran everybody.

  • And Granite Bay High School in Granite Bay, California, no one`s messing with grizzlies.

  • Star Wars gave us speeders, Back to the Future part two gave us hoverboards, the Jetsons gave us a flying car.

  • At least, gave us the dream of these things.

  • The next step, a real one may just be the hoverbike.

  • An engineer is turning two wheels into fans, and he`s well aware that if his idea doesn`t fly, a similar one might .

  • When I was younger, I always wanted to fly.

  • Always drawing different flying vehicles, always dreamt about booting off.

  • Chris Malloy is an engineer. His passion is making things fly.

  • I ended up to have a bike that has all the properties of helicopter and flies like helicopter, but has a freedom and look of a motorcycle.

  • This is a sky model of our full size hoverbike.

  • The (INAUDIBLE) thrust and hovers like a helicopter, but pushing it down with these propellers.

  • In order to move forward, we decrease the thrust on the front and increase the thrust on the rear.

  • And it`s time to go backwards.

  • In order to rotate, we change the speed of the propellers while skipping the thrust the same.

  • Malloy always starts out by using scale models, put camera on one, and you get a sense of what it might be like to fly the real thing.

  • Malloy is well aware that he has competition that he is in a hoverbike race,

  • teams in Los Angeles and the Czech Republic who are also developing hoverbikes, but Malloy believes his machine will be the most versatile.

  • Turbobike (ph) is very different, because it`s been designed as an aero vehicle, it`s not designed as a toy.

  • So we can deploy it in an emergency areas to we can - (INAUDIBLE) is autonomous, so we can ferry goods and people in without there needing to be a pilot.

  • More men tests are flight are planned in the next few months. Malloy will again be the test pilot.

  • The first, he hopes of the true Hovercyclist.

  • Another invention today, it`s been said that the men`s home is his castle.

  • And while this one may not be big enough to live in, it is real, it is made of concrete.

  • It was constructed by a 3D printer, a big one.

  • One made out of chains, rails and motors.

  • The contractor`s invention lays out in concrete and whatever pattern he programs.

  • He hopes it will be the future of construction, capable of printing a 3600 square foot house in about a week.

  • That would leave an imprint on construction. Imagine setting designs on something like that.

  • Fashioning a concrete plan, a building on the idea of a printed house.

  • That`s an engineering fit that breaks down walls, yo.

  • CNN STUDENT NEWS is back tomorrow with more current events and probably more puns.

Hi, everyone. I`m Carl Azuz. We are kicking off a new week and ten minutes of commercial free current events.

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September 8, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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