Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Hi, my name is Fariel,

  • but back home,

  • I am also called the goat lady.

  • And today I will be sharing the story of how that came to be about.

  • In 2015,

  • I visited a small, remote village in Pakistan

  • called Pathan Goth.

  • The residents of Pathan Goth

  • were living without access to basic facilities

  • such as water and electricity.

  • The community was bussing water two hours from Karachi.

  • This made their water so expensive

  • that their livestock went without water every other day.

  • Bathing and laundry was a luxury.

  • The solution was simple:

  • a solar water pump.

  • But that would cost $10,000.

  • And for a community

  • where the average household earned

  • just about $70 a month,

  • this was beyond their affordability.

  • As I sat there thinking about this issue,

  • the solution literally walked in front of me.

  • A herd of more than 100 goats crossed my path.

  • And I thought to myself,

  • that is a lot of goats.

  • (Laughter)

  • I took a chance and asked the village elder:

  • Would they consider paying me for their pump in goats?

  • He agreed,

  • and that is how Pathan Goth got its pump

  • and I became the proud owner of 40 goats.

  • (Applause)

  • A few months down the line,

  • the Muslim festival of Eid came around.

  • During Eid, livestock is offered

  • to honor Abraham's willingness to sacrifice Isaac.

  • And much like shopping before Christmas,

  • the demand for goats goes up,

  • and the price skyrockets.

  • I remembered my goats

  • and decided to put up a post on Facebook

  • asking my friends and family to buy their Eid goat from me that year.

  • Within a week I sold all my goats.

  • And even after paying for a team to do transport and manage them,

  • I more than recovered the cost of the pump.

  • This experience made me question the idea of money

  • and how it has changed and evolved for us.

  • I found that in 2500 BC,

  • Mesopotamia,

  • Sumerians used measured quantity of barley as money.

  • But as the trading circle grew beyond one village,

  • money's key characteristics changed and evolved.

  • Money not only needed to reliably store value

  • but also be easy to convert

  • and easy to transport.

  • That is when we --

  • civilization --

  • moved towards coin and paper money.

  • But coin and paper money get value

  • only when they're validated by an external authority,

  • such as God, crown or the central bank.

  • Technology today enables us

  • to bypass the need for this central authority.

  • Today, the value of any asset can be transferred

  • from one person to another

  • using blockchain.

  • Any asset can now be tokenized,

  • digitized

  • and traded.

  • So technology is not only disrupting the need

  • for a financial intermediary

  • in mainstream economy

  • but also has the potential

  • to disrupt and democratize economic power

  • in more rural economies.

  • By removing the need for inefficient and expensive intermediaries,

  • small farmers can derive greater value

  • from what they grow and raise.

  • Livestock is very abundant in these communities.

  • Farmers literally use their goats and cows

  • as ATM machines

  • and as saving instruments.

  • They will sell an animal when they need cash,

  • such as to buy fodder for the rest of the herd,

  • to buy groceries for their home

  • or for weddings and health emergencies.

  • But these communities have never been able

  • to use their goats and cows

  • for larger, more productive assets ...

  • until now.

  • Our farmers are able to convert 15 goats into a solar water pump.

  • Previously,

  • these communities would rely on

  • or wait for an NGO,

  • a charity

  • or the government to take notice

  • and give them what they needed.

  • Now they are using their own resources

  • to fulfill their own needs when they need it.

  • This is self-reliance.

  • (Applause and cheers)

  • So how have we enabled the use of goats

  • as a reliable form of currency?

  • Right now, we we work with farmers through physical barter.

  • At the time of the solar installation,

  • we take possession of the goats.

  • We then sell these goats as meat to grocery chains

  • and through our own retail brand.

  • Every goat that we receive is then recorded,

  • as its unique ID --

  • its key characteristics such as its sex,

  • its age,

  • its weight

  • and even its number of teeth are taken into account.

  • And then using these,

  • we assign each goat a dollar or a rupee value,

  • essentially tokenizing a goat.

  • We have already worked with 45 communities,

  • enabling more than 6,000 farmers

  • to convert their goats into water and electricity.

  • (Applause)

  • We are now planning to add smartphones,

  • tractors

  • and other equipment.

  • My hope is that we can create a more inclusive economic system

  • where any person

  • or any community can use what they grow and raise as money.

  • Where a farmer, a small farmer

  • can use, wherever he is,

  • whether it's Pakistan, Nepal, Somalia,

  • can use a digitized goat to pay for her kid's school fees,

  • a tractor

  • or a smartphone.

  • This future isn't quite here yet,

  • but I hope using goats as money gets us closer.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause and cheers)

Hi, my name is Fariel,

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B2 US TED pump goth applause water livestock

Goats, Blockchain and the Future of Money | Fariel Salahuddin | TED

  • 35 2
    darkdik123 posted on 2022/04/27
Video vocabulary