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  • one country controls the belief system of a billion people.

  • A second country contains an Impenetrable fortress high atop a mountain.

  • A third country stood up to the apartheid system and paid dearly for it.

  • What do all three have in common?

  • They are the only three countries in the world that are completely surrounded by another country.

  • And when this happens, things can go really well or really bad.

  • One of these countries gained their independence without any bloodshed from the country that surrounds them.

  • The Vatican, also called the State of Vatican City or Vatican City State is the world's smallest country.

  • It's not only completely surrounded by Italy but is actually fully encompassed within the city of Rome.

  • But how did Vatican City state gain autonomy?

  • And how does it stay autonomous when it's surrounded on all sides by Italy?

  • The country itself is completely surrounded by walls from the medieval and renaissance eras.

  • That is except for on its southeast border where ST Peter's Square separates the Vatican City state from Rome.

  • And although the country is completely surrounded by a wall, it wouldn't do much to protect the Vatican City State from an invasion.

  • It was in 1929 that the Vatican City state gained its independence and sovereignty from the rest of Italy.

  • It was actually collaboration between Pope Pious the 11th and a man who had recently gained power over Italy.

  • Benito Mussolini.

  • The Lateran treaty was signed and gave the Pope absolute rule over the Vatican City State, which was now an independent country from Italy.

  • The Pope was now in complete control of all happenings within his country's walls.

  • The Pope is the executive legislative and judicial branches within the Vatican City State.

  • He works with other bishops and together this governing body is called the Holy See.

  • However, the Pope, with the help of God of course, has absolute power in the end.

  • But even with God on the Vatican City state side, there are obvious problems with being the smallest nation in the world and surrounded on all sides by another country.

  • Luckily, the Vatican in Italy have a relatively peaceful relationship with one another.

  • Ever since the Vatican became its own nation.

  • Even though the Vatican City state is home to just over 800 people, the influence of the country extends across the world.

  • But since the Vatican is surrounded by Italy, it would be difficult to reach all those Catholics unless a special relationship existed between the two countries, which it does, Italy and the Vatican have come to an understanding and citizens of each country are free to cross back and forth between the borders of the two nations unimpeded.

  • This makes the Vatican City State somewhat unique since the other two countries on our list didn't always have the best of relationships with the country that surrounds them.

  • And although the Vatican City State is the smallest nation in the world, it has its own telephone system, post office banking system, and small army granted the army of the Vatican City State is the swiss guard whose main responsibility since 15 06 is not to protect the Vatican so much as it is to protect the pope himself.

  • It's important to keep in mind that all three of the countries we're going to talk about could be easily invaded by the country that surrounds them.

  • So what keeps the Vatican City State from being consumed by Italy?

  • Well, many people in Italy are catholic.

  • So there would be a major outcry from the general public if anything ever happened to the Vatican City State also, it was made a unesco World Heritage site in 1984 which wouldn't really help if it were invaded, but it might act as a slight deterrent.

  • The nation does not have much to exports to fund itself other than religion.

  • Its main source of income is from voluntary contributions from the one billion roman Catholics living around the world.

  • The Vatican City State also makes money through investments as well as through the sale of stamps, coins and religious texts.

  • The Vatican City State may not be the most powerful nation in the world and it certainly wouldn't be able to defend itself from an invasion by Italy.

  • But the Vatican is certainly influential due to its religious importance.

  • This is one of the main factors that allows it to maintain its autonomy from Italy.

  • Interestingly, the second nation we're gonna talk about is also surrounded by Italy.

  • The Republic of SAn Marino is located in the northeastern part of Italy.

  • San Marino is bigger than the Vatican so it not only encompassed the single city, but it is landlocked on all sides by italian provinces.

  • Also, the country of San Marino has had a slightly more violent history than the Vatican city state, especially when it comes to their relationship with their all encompassing neighbor Italy.

  • The Republic of San Marino goes all the way back to the fourth century when a group of christians settled the lands to escape persecution.

  • One thing that makes San Marino different from the Vatican is its location and landscape.

  • San Marino is fairly isolated and has several mountain fortresses that made it highly defensible throughout history.

  • In the 12th century, many Italian factions tried to conquer San Marino but were thwarted by the landscape of the country.

  • This continued on and off until a foreign force swept through the region, napoleon Bonaparte conquered all of Italy.

  • Yet when he came to san Marino, he respected the independence of the nation and even offered to extend its territory, no other country was quite so lucky, including what would become the Vatican city state.

  • And even after the Napoleonic wars, san Marino was still recognized as an independent nation within the borders of ITaly and kept its sovereignty when World War Two broke out, SAn Marino remained neutral and independent from the fascist powers that persisted in Italy However, it was not lucky enough to escape bombing runs and occupation by both Nazi and allied forces at various points during the war and the end, SAN Marino maintained its independence.

  • But how does the country function with a single foreign nations surrounding it?

  • On all sides?

  • San Marino tends to have a good relationship with its neighbor.

  • In fact, the two countries are not all that different.

  • Italian is the official language of san Marino and Italy provides all the country's electricity.

  • There are also very close trading partners, which makes sense since in order to get goods out of san Marino, they need to pass through italy first, SAn Marino's main economic resources are tourism, commerce, crafts, and agriculture.

  • This is slightly different from the Vatican City state as san Marino actually has the land and population to produce goods.

  • Yet one of the craziest things that is a constant source of revenue for SAn Marino is finally painted postage stamps as this was also the case for the Vatican City State.

  • It would seem that stamps are a lucrative export for countries that are completely surrounded by Italy.

  • Unlike the Vatican City State, san Marino can grow some of its own crops such as wheat, grapes and barley.

  • There's also a fair amount of dairy and livestock farms in the country, which means they're not completely reliant on imports for food.

  • This is an important distinction to make the country that is completely surrounded by another, doesn't have a whole lot of options when it comes to trading partners.

  • Even if they want to trade with other nations, it's almost always necessary to include the surrounding country.

  • This means that since san Marino has the ability to grow some of its own food, it takes a slight economic burden off the country as importing food can be very expensive.

  • SaN Marino also seems to keep its citizens happy, which is important for a nation surrounded by another in these special circumstances.

  • As we'll see with our final country, it's easy to get into and out of nations that are completely surrounded by another.

  • San Marino offers a number of social programs to their citizens, including free education, medical assistance and Social Security.

  • The government also keeps unemployment numbers down by providing employment opportunities for anyone who cannot find work in the private sector by keeping citizens happy.

  • San Marino has maintained a population that is proud and independent.

  • Unfortunately our third country has had a much tougher history with the neighbor that surrounds them than the other two.

  • And the reason why will shock you, the only other country in the world that is completely surrounded by another nation is lost due to a main difference here is that lawsuit is not surrounded by Italy, but by South Africa, It was the 1800s Britain had colonized South Africa over a century earlier But there were still certain regions that were incredibly difficult to access what would become the country of lawsuit was one of them.

  • The nation was surrounded by mountains on all sides and the terrain is particularly rugged and the 1800s, several chieftains fought for control over these lands.

  • The British were concerned about the instability in the region and how it would affect their affairs in the country, Britain took control of the area and put a puppet government in charge.

  • But after World War II, a sense of nationalism swept through the region.

  • The people who lived in what would become less you two fought for independence from the crown and the country became self governing.

  • By 1965, normally a smaller country that is contained within a larger one, wouldn't want to ruffle too many feathers.

  • This is because the surrounding country could make life miserable for them.

  • However, in the 19 seventies lawsuit, government began speaking out against the apartheid system in South Africa, they even started accepting refugees from the country.

  • This was a bold statement to the world that Lasota was condemning the racist practices of its neighbor.

  • In return, South Africa gave support to a radical group called lawsuit to Liberation Army.

  • This group with funding from South Africa attacked people in Maseru, the capital of the suit.

  • This put enormous strain on the relationship between the two governments, which was exasperated even more when South Africa demanded that lawsuit to send the refugees back to them.

  • This is a clear example of a nation that completely surrounds another, creating an unwinnable conflict lawsuit.

  • You couldn't stand up to South Africa by themselves, seduced citizens and goods couldn't get out of the country without passing through their neighbor.

  • Lasota went further and further into economic decline.

  • And then during the 1990s, the international community removed restrictions against South Africa.

  • This meant that the benefits which Lesotho enjoyed over the past several years, from having less restrictions than the country that surrounded them were now completely gone.

  • Out of the three countries in this video lawsuit had the toughest time with their neighbor interfering with their affairs.

  • Resources within Lesotho were running low, the soils were being depleted, droughts ravished their crops in the HIV AIDS pandemic decimated the workforce.

  • The main source of revenue for the country is now through tourism, although there is a diamond mind industry that brings in some capital, the interference and instability in the country during its early years led to many problems And eventually led to the city government and citizens being almost completely reliant on deals with South Africa in the 1990s and early 2000s, around a quarter of all the suitors working men were employed in South Africa.

  • In fact, lawsuits can no longer sustain itself without the customs unions, communication networks and water exports it shares with South Africa, It's estimated that right now the unemployment rate in the country could be as high as 75% out of the three countries in the world today that are landlocked by just one country will suit too is a clear example of what can happen when a neighbor does not play nice.

  • Now watch only countries that have never lost a war or check out which countries are still truly communist.

  • Mhm.

one country controls the belief system of a billion people.

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The Only 3 Countries Landlocked by Just One Country

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/12/02
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