Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • The cruise ship industry reached a stunning peak of 55 billion in economic activity in the United States alone in 2015.

  • But there's a lot, you might not know about them.

  • Here are some of the most interesting facts about these massive liners, including why they're registered in Liberia of all places.

  • Well, we know one thing about cruise ships, they're big.

  • How big?

  • Exactly the largest cruise ship, Royal Caribbean's Oasis class are more like floating cities than they are standard ships.

  • Not only do many people find them overwhelming.

  • Not surprising with more than 2700 rooms, 20 restaurants and even an indoor park, but you better pack your walking shoes.

  • The biggest ship is almost 1200 ft long, longer than the largest aircraft carrier ever built and more than twice the size of the Washington monument.

  • But surely these aren't the largest ships ever made.

  • Right, Everyone knows that one that was bigger.

  • There is no more famous ship than that of the titanic.

  • For a ship that sank more than 100 years ago.

  • The titanic still captures people's attention winning Oscars and being the subject of museums around the country, there have even been replicas of the ship's final meals served.

  • But for all that, the ship is a kind of shrimp in modern times, it could hold less than half the guests of an Oasis class and the modern ships are five times as rumi.

  • That's probably because unlike the titanic, no one is in the belly of the ship in third class.

  • But no matter what cruise ship you're on, you'll probably notice some similarities.

  • Even if you're cruising after Labor Day, you'll probably be sailing on a white ship.

  • That's because just about every cruise ship is painted white, but that's not just an aesthetic choice.

  • Cruise ships spent a lot of time and they open sea where the sun is strong, with no shelter to be found.

  • White paint reflects son rather than absorbing it, which helps keep the ship cool and the passengers comfortable.

  • But it's not just the ship trying to be nice.

  • It saves them a lot of money by letting them cut down on air conditioning costs.

  • One thing's for sure.

  • These mega liners take up a lot of energy to get moving exactly how much fuel does a cruise ship use.

  • That depends on the size of the ship.

  • With the largest ships using more as it takes a lot of energy to haul thousands of people across the ocean.

  • But the largest ships can use as much as 250 tons of fuel a day with even normal size ships using around 150, that means that cruise ships are burning a gallon of fuel every mile they travel a far cry from your car where your gallon can get you a good distance.

  • You wouldn't want to feel one of those at the pump and all that fuel has to go somewhere.

  • It's one of the most iconic sights of cruise ships.

  • Those massive smokestacks, belching smoke and fumes into the atmosphere from the engine below.

  • Hey, we said one of the best sites, Not the best smell in the old days.

  • Those less efficient ships needed up to four smokestacks to get rid of the fumes effectively.

  • But today's cleaner burning ships can usually get by with just one, which raises the question.

  • Why do they still have at least two on most ships?

  • Turns out people like seeing those smokestacks and some can actually be useful for attractions.

  • Speaking of those lower decks, there's a whole lot of world down there.

  • Have you ever wondered where all those cruise ship workers live?

  • The ship is full to capacity with paying guests, but hundreds or thousands of workers seem to be wherever you need them.

  • It turns out that there's a whole second living space in the cruise ship that most visitors will never see.

  • It's filled with small cabins designed like little military barracks and the crew gets access to many of the facilities of the ship during off hours, but they shouldn't be looking for a nice view on most ships.

  • The crew dorms are actually built below the water level.

  • Speaking of views, one cruise company has turned to technology.

  • It's one of the biggest compromises people make when they're trying to save money booking an interior cabin, you get all the amenities of the cruise, but not that nice ocean view when you wake up, just a solid wall, not on Royal Caribbean, which has started experimenting with virtual balconies, even interior cabins will get a wall with a visual transmitted directly from their side of the ship, Giving you a real time view of the ocean.

  • But if you're looking for that refreshing ocean breeze, you're still out of luck.

  • And on a cruise ship, you'll be covering a lot of ground.

  • Cruise ships move fast but not compared to most forms of transportation.

  • They're geared to be more leisurely, moving about 23 mph in normal conditions.

  • That's fast enough to get where they're going, but not fast enough to disrupt people's sleep or activities.

  • But that doesn't stop them from traveling over 84,000 miles in a year.

  • How far is that?

  • That's roughly a third of the way to the moon or around the earth is stunning.

  • 3.5 times every turn around the sun.

  • But they were docked in place for a long time.

  • Few industries were hit harder than cruise industries by the global pandemic and shut down, especially since some of the worst initial outbreaks happened on board.

  • So what were these countless ships doing during the shutdown for many of them, they were put to work as mobile hospitals for cities with their hospitals at capacity.

  • Others were just kept running with the skeleton crew.

  • But it wasn't the first time cruise ships became refuge shelters in an emergency during the aftermath of hurricane Katrina.

  • Cruise ships became shelters for the countless people displaced by the disaster.

  • But as for where they dock.

  • That's a more complicated question.

  • If you look into the history of your favorite american cruise line, you might find something surprising.

  • It's not registered in America.

  • One of the most common places for cruise ships to register is Liberia.

  • For a number of economic reasons to register a ship with a nation and fly their flag.

  • The company has to pay them a fee to join their ship registry.

  • And Liberia has one of the cheapest ship registries in the world, depending on the type of ship making it a popular choice.

  • Combined with the country's good relations with the United States and their comparably low tax rates and labor costs.

  • It's become a favorite location.

  • So don't be surprised when your next cruise is flying the Liberian flag.

  • Cruise ship designers are taking care of a lot of little details, including some of the less than savory ones.

  • Thousands of people on a cruise ship.

  • That's a lot of flushing toilets.

  • So where does all that stuff go?

  • The ship doesn't start sinking after a few days at sea, which is a good thing.

  • But that's because of a complex process that starts every time you flush the toilets use a suction system that minimizes the need for water and the waste is then sucked down into the treatment plant.

  • It's filtered aerated to speed up bio degradation and sterilized using U.

  • V.

  • Lights and only then is it eventually released into the ocean.

  • The cruise companies tested to make sure it's safe to release.

  • Although many environmentalists are still worried that brings us up to what sends people running to the bathroom.

  • All that food keeping people fed on a large cruise ship is a challenging job and the hungry cruisers go through an incredible amount of food in a day.

  • Chefs on a cruise ship can go through £1500 of flour a day, baking bread And over 2500 eggs.

  • That's a lot of hard working chickens but it's also a lot more believable when you realize that the breakfast buffet is open every day and the ships are hoping people fill up breakfast food is much cheaper to prepare than the more meat, heavy meals later in the day.

  • But all that all you can eat food can be a little deceiving starting your day with a breakfast buffet and returning to graze throughout the day is a ship tradition.

  • But let the buyer beware even if your meals are all inclusive.

  • Cruise ship buffets are often restocked only by need, which means food can be sitting out there for a while.

  • The worst you'll likely encounter at the breakfast buffet is dry eggs and crunchy bacon.

  • But for most high end buffets there can be a reason to caution that buffet sushi on a cruise ship might just send you running back to that suction toilet and if you've got more adventurous taste, the odds are, there's something for you at a cost.

  • Even if your cruise ship includes meals, expect to be tempted by upcharge experiences.

  • Some low cost cruises will put most of their restaurants behind that velvet rope meaning customers will find their low cost cruises suddenly becoming high cost.

  • Others will have a few elite dining experiences like high end steakhouses.

  • But many modern cruise has had some unique and even bizarre dining experiences such as an Alice in wonderland theme to molecular cuisine, price fix dinner or a multicourse chocolate tasting menu.

  • One high end cruise line even offers a full traditional afternoon tea ceremony and you might see some familiar faces on the branding who designs the menus on cruise ships.

  • Every ship has a culinary team planning the menus, but some cruise lines have decided to head elsewhere for inspiration.

  • The kings of the culinary world and of the small screen celebrity chefs have got themselves some plum gigs curating the cuisine of major cruise lines, health conscious british chef Jamie Oliver runs multiple restaurants for Royal Caribbean restaurant tour thomas Keller oversees the dining program for the high end seaborn cruises and if you're looking to take a cruise to flavor town, you probably can't take two steps without seeing a guy Fieri restaurant on carnival ships and then it's time to work off all that food with some activities, you can basically do anything on large cruises these days with just about every ship having pools, casinos, theaters, live music gyms and spas, but some ships have added some truly bizarre activities.

  • Royal Caribbean allows guests to go skydiving on ground level, thanks to a wind tunnel that serves as a skydiving simulator.

  • Their biggest ships also have a wave pool where people can take surfing lessons without the risk of getting stung by a jellyfish.

  • For culture lovers, Holland America ships often have a non ship art museum, while Cunard's queen mary two has a planetarium of the night sky isn't quite exciting enough and for those adrenaline junkies head to MSC cruises which have a Formula One, race car simulator, but for those who want more unique thrills, the option is available for a cost, the theme of most cruise ships as well cruise ship, but for dedicated fans as possible to organize cruise sailings booked entirely by fans of a specific topic with activities theme to those fans, there have been some truly bizarre themed cruises over the years, a yearly crews filled entirely with zumba fans set sail from Miami and what was possibly the sweatiest sailing ever, accrues catering to conspiracy theorists set sail from Seattle leading to a whole lot of arguments over whether a ship was being watched by the government or by aliens and for something a little fluffy er, a popular Miami cruise named the Miao Miao Crew celebrates the cats, everyone loves with one ironic twist, cats aren't actually allowed on board, but have you ever considered a cruise to nowhere?

  • It's the ultimate dilemma.

  • You want to take the cruise, but there's no money for one of those high end voyages.

  • If someone's looking to take an extended sailing for cheap, they can take a repositioning cruise, a sailing designed to get the ship to another ports for the cruise season.

  • This comes with all the perks of a normal cruise on board, including the same accommodations, meals and activities.

  • But there are a few key drop acts first.

  • This sailing is all business so there won't be any ports of call.

  • The bigger issue is that the sailing ends at a different court than it starts.

  • So it's up to the passengers to find their own way home.

  • But for those with some frequent flyer miles to use, are those looking to start a vacation abroad.

  • Repositioning cruises can be where they find the big bargains and hey, there might be another cruise going in the reverse direction for more.

The cruise ship industry reached a stunning peak of 55 billion in economic activity in the United States alone in 2015.

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 cruise cruise ship sailing liberia buffet caribbean

Why are Cruise Ships Registered in Liberia (and Other Weird Cruise Ship Facts)

  • 1 0
    林宜悉 posted on 2021/11/20
Video vocabulary