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  • i'm in southeast asia with my 1913 bradshaw's  handbook published at the height of european  

  • imperialism my 100 year old guy book  will leave me on a railway adventure  

  • through archipelagos and peninsulas dotted  with hills forests and paddy fields i'll tour  

  • towering mega cities and magnificent mosques i'll  encounter golden buddhas and jewelled temples  

  • and experience some of the world's most  spectacular and notorious railways as i travel  

  • through the diverse nations of this vast region  i'll learn how they asserted their independence  

  • against the british french and dutch empires to  become the economic tigers and dragons of today

  • i'm in hong kong continuing to explore this  mega metropolis i visited the kowloon peninsula  

  • and crossed victoria harbour to hong kong  island from here i'll head north to visit  

  • the ward villages of the new territories and  west to the remote and tranquil lantau island  

  • i'll meet a descendant of one of the  region's oldest dynasties your family  

  • has been here how long over a thousand years  it makes the british occupation seem like just  

  • learn about the father of modern china  sanyasin is the person who came and made  

  • change in a huge way and discover why hong  kongers are protesting 20 years after the handover  

  • were not being given what was promised the anger  and the frustration is there and it's escalating

  • i'm exploring hong kong island on a metro system  that handles around six billion trips a day  

  • the success of hong kong's mass transit  railway is very hard to believe it's  

  • only existed in its modern form since 1979  and yet it has now 91 heavy rail stations  

  • including some which are indescribably huge  most unusually amongst metros in this world  

  • it is highly profitable and its punctuality  record is just shy of 100 percent  

  • so

  • i'm traveling to hong kong university to  learn about one of its most renowned alumni

  • bradshaws tells me that the foundation stone  was laid in 1910 before that it was the hong  

  • kong college of medicine for chinese and the  physician dr sun yat sen graduated in 1892  

  • since he went on to become a revolutionary  to overthrow the chinese imperial dynasty  

  • and become known as the father of modern china  it makes you wonder what was on the curriculum

  • my

  • in 1911 sunyat sen and a group of revolutionaries  led a successful uprising against the qing dynasty  

  • and founded a republic in china but he  spent his formative years in hong kong  

  • dr ho yin li is an associate professor  

  • in architectural conservation his  grandfather was sunya sen's secretary  

  • i understand that sun yatsen graduated from the  medical school here was his background before  

  • that in hong kong um before he came to hong kong  he was in china as a young person and went to  

  • school as most people who came from a family of  reasonable wealth and he wasn't happy obviously  

  • with the educational system and all kinds of  systems in china then and so in fact he went to  

  • america to hawaii where his brother lived and he  did study for a short while you know in hawaii and  

  • before he came to hong kong while he was studying  to be a physician do you think he was already  

  • having political ideas yes very much by the time  he went to medical school and he was beginning to

  • get into contact with like-minded people to  form a revolutionary idea to overthrow the qing  

  • government and to establish a modern china why  would he have revolutionary ideas what was wrong  

  • with china in those days china i can't even begin  to count you know what's wrong with china then  

  • and so if you look at education and china was  still stuck in a educational system that is to  

  • say the least you know is not about academic  freedom and if you look at the governance  

  • and so it is a huge nation rule by a small  family so it's a royal family but you know  

  • essentially it was a dictatorship and  the worst part is that there is no

  • concern by the government to the demand of the  people eventually to put it uh simply is that  

  • the people of fedor is looking forward to change  you know and so sanya singh is the person who came  

  • and made change in a huge way sunyat sen was  a graduate of an open and modern western style  

  • education in 1923 he returned to the university  to deliver a speech that's remembered to this day

  • oh what an impressive room it is this is  the place where one summer day in 1923  

  • dr sanya singh the founding father of modern  china came to give a rousing speech to the  

  • community of the university of hong kong well  if you come on stage i'll tell you what's insane

  • so in 1923 on that day imagine these rooms  completely filled with people professors  

  • students you know they're all anticipating  what's understanding going to say and he  

  • said that i feel as though i've come home and  hong kong and this university of hong kong  

  • are my intellectual workplace and you can  just imagine the crowd must have been cheering  

  • and he continued to say that and where did i get  my revolutionary and modern idea and he said that  

  • this idea came from the colony of hong kong here  you are a resident in hong kong teaching hong kong  

  • what do you think of sun yat-sen today if you go  back to his the three principles of the people  

  • and in which he advocate for a strong chinese  nation so that means having pride in the chinese  

  • identity and the second thing is that it's about  developing a liberal society with freedom of all  

  • sorts but that's important to this university  intellectual freedom and the third thing is  

  • about the livelihood of people so that means  having a responsible government that addresses  

  • and respond to people's needs in a timely manner  so all of this is exactly what the young people  

  • the protesters are asking for so in fact it's  totally relevant and that there's no contradiction  

  • at all so i wish more people would look into  sanjay's political thoughts you know and think  

  • more about it i think that way hong kong will be  will get out of the trouble that we are having now

  • i'm heading towards hong kong's northern border

  • as i travel away from central districts  the contrast is remarkable skyscrapers are  

  • replaced by mountains concrete by trees and  urban density by thinly populated villages  

  • my preconceptions of hong  kong are being challenged

  • i'm heading towards hong kong's northern border

  • 25 minutes later i'm in kamtindistrict in the new territories

  • this is the walled village of kat hing wai first  settled by the tang clan over 500 years ago  

  • it was built to protect the residents  from rival clans and bandits  

  • at the time of my guidebook the villager's  distinctive brick walls will be tested once more  

  • in 1898 the british wanted to establishdefensive barrier for hong kong and so they  

  • acquired on a 99-year lease the so-called new  territories which consisted of more than 600  

  • villages not all the inhabitants were at all  happy with british rule and there followed a  

  • very bitter six day war with very high chinese  casualties here at the village of cat king y  

  • they closed the gates against the british  nonetheless they were overrun the gates were  

  • stolen and sent to britain and restored to the  village only in 1925 as a gesture of goodwill

  • also in camtain another beautifully  preserved historic village  

  • shui tauswan inhabited by  descendants of the tang clan  

  • featuring traditional cantonese architecture  parts of the village date to the 17th century

  • village leader ying hua tang  is showing me the family temple  

  • this is very very beautiful  how old would this be oh

  • 200 years yeah 200 years haha tell  me about this nidhi haidi sanjibhai  

  • name my daddy my grandfather and all all  the generations oh wonderful may i see okay

  • my father and my grandfather very beautiful and  very moving your family has been here how long  

  • over a thousand years a thousand years yeah or  mr ten one family one thousand years yeah it  

  • makes the british occupation  seem like just a moment  

  • tucked away in the quiet village the yitai's study  hall built during the latter years of the qing  

  • dynasty in the mid 19th century was converted into  a primary school around the time of my guidebook

  • at little desks like this  countless generations of villagers  

  • will have done their confucian  studies and will have learned too  

  • to revere their ancestors it strikes me that in  a place where a family has lasted for a thousand  

  • years you probably view history differently  it's not so much about the isms imperialism  

  • communism capitalism the empires don't matter  so much the qings and the mings and even  

  • for the one-day visitor to the village it  makes you perceive the past quite differently

  • i'm leaving the new territories and taking  the mtr back to the heaving metropolis  

  • where i'm navigating a vast open-air  market in wanchai on hong kong island

  • wang chai is an old residential district of faded  apartment blocks and on them they have grown air  

  • conditioning units like barnacles on the hull of  an old ship but down here by contrast the produce  

  • is incredibly beautiful and fresh well  fresh it should be half it is still alive

  • hello guys hi excuse me are you enjoying hong  kong yeah we are wherever you come from well we  

  • both live here yeah you do yeah so this is our  local our local market oh how amazing how long  

  • have you lived in hong kong uh i've been  here nine months i've lived here for like  

  • a month and a half wow how you enjoy it yeahlove it what do you enjoy about the life here  

  • uh i mean for me we came here because of the  the food and the the travel opportunities  

  • um you can really travel anywhere in in south  asia very easily from here and it's an exciting  

  • place and there's a lot going on it's never boring  there have been protests recently has that been  

  • has that been disruptive that has that had you on  edge a bit uh no it's actually been very exciting  

  • i think for me uh i mean it's not very often  you see democracy like happen in front of your  

  • eyes that dramatically thank you so much so  nice to talk to you yeah your meal tonight

  • this silent and very dignified demonstration  is part of a series of protests that have been  

  • held in hong kong over the proposal for a law  by which hong kong people could be extradited  

  • to the people's republic of china for trial on  charges presumably including political charges now  

  • the british did not really bequeath to hong kong  democracy but they did leave a legacy of laws that  

  • were pretty much fair and non-political and so  hong kong people now fear that they're losing some  

  • of those important rights they're losing their  special standing and they're losing their autonomy

  • it's my last day exploring hong kong and  i'm heading to one of its outlying islands

  • my next stop will be lantau which the chinese call  big island mountain certainly it's a great deal  

  • larger than hong kong island and although it's  vastly populated it is strategically important  

  • it hosts the international  airport that opened in 1998.  

  • i'd like to see how important it was to  the british as they monitored shipping  

  • headed towards the pearl river delta  and the great ports of china beyond

  • be a safe escalator user holds the handrail and  don't keep your eyes only on your mobile phone  

  • lantau island was added to the colony in  1898 as part of the new territory's lease  

  • today it's connected to the mainland by a large  double deck suspension bridge with road above  

  • and rail underneath the largely mountainous island  is often referred to as the lungs of hong kong  

  • a destination for pilgrims the remote poland  monastery with its colorful buddhist imagery  

  • sits alongside the big buddha a 34  metre bronze statue built in 1993  

  • i've arrived in tai o a traditional fishing  village on the west coast of the island

  • what a sight the village of tayo on the same  island as the intercontinental airport but here  

  • houses on stilts long before  people lived in apartment blocks  

  • i suppose this is how they dwelt and  long before they made their living  

  • out of financial services and shipping  it was with a boat and a fishing net

  • no need to ask here whether the fish is fresh

  • hello

  • let's go for a lovely cruise please thank you

  • hmm there's a cool breeze upon the water  and the modern world seems very far away  

  • the fishing village of tayo offers a glimpse  of what life was like in pre-colonial hong kong

  • and just outside the village withcommanding view over the pearl river delta  

  • is a striking example of colonial architecture

  • it's now a boutique hotel  and carl law is the manager

  • carl from the veranda we have a terrific  view lots of islands and actually quite  

  • a lot of shipping as well yes and if i look out  what what can i see if you look all the way far  

  • you can see the macau and jihad so this is quite  a strategic point yes he is this building what was  

  • what was this this building it was a marine  police station and it was a built in 1902  

  • and during that time there's a lot of pirates  around this area so this is why this police  

  • station was built to look after this cold side  also look after this fishing village what were  

  • the tasks of the marine police at the night time  the police officer will use the searchlight to  

  • scan around the area to look after if any illegal  immigrant although also this macro around this  

  • area during that time when did it cease to  be a police station uh this police station  

  • was seen close at the 2002 and the reason it  was closed is because of this village become  

  • safer and safer they only recorded only five  crimes during the period so that's why the  

  • police station was closed and then the police  was moved out a happy reason for a closure

  • i'm nearing the end of my exploration of hong  kong and returning to the central district  

  • i came in for a simple cup of char  this is wholly unfamiliar to me  

  • red brown liquid boiling hot it's a whole new  strain of chai and not necessarily my cup of tea

  • this i'm told is hong kong style milk tea

  • thank you very much thank you

  • the whole place smells strongly of tea

  • yeah it's very very strong tea with condensed milk  

  • and the tea has been repeatedly  strained to make it smooth it is smooth

  • it's a kind of very strange fusion  between british and chinese ways  

  • which actually reminds me that i came to hong  kong in the very last days of british rule i  

  • was defense secretary i came to visit the  troops it was received by the last governor  

  • a government house and we did feel very sad  about giving up hong kong but i think that was  

  • mixed with a certain shame because you know  possessing a colony in the closing years of  

  • the 20th century was anachronistic to put  it mildly and in 150 years british rule  

  • we had not established british style democracy  but still we did fear for the future of hong kong

  • two decades have passed since the handover  ceremony overseen by the prince of wales  

  • and the governor chris patton i want to find out  from hong kongers how life has changed for them

  • radio presenters noreen meer and hugh chiverton  and benita chick a ceo of a social enterprise  

  • a long time residence it's nearly a generation  since the handover of hong kong back to china  

  • is it still very different to live in hong kong  from elsewhere in the people's republic uh things  

  • have certainly changed our education system um  a lot of the shops a lot of things but i think  

  • there's something very distinct about  hong kong culture and our identity  

  • how we behave how we interact with the word  rest of the world people would still want to  

  • come to hong kong because we supposedly  have a rule of law or whatever that  

  • make us distinct noreen for you two would this  be the fundamental difference the rule of law  

  • i think so i agree with benita the rule of law is  very different in china in china it's a civil law  

  • system in hong kong we've still got a common  law system i think inherited from um britain  

  • and we trust the judicial system here in hong  kong hugh i take it you've lived here before and  

  • after the handover has it made much ofdifference to you have you seen many differences  

  • i think the biggest differences i've seen to be  honest in hong kong over that period have been  

  • differences that have affected the whole world in  terms of globalization i think hong kong is a more  

  • uh it's more westernized place it's more  international city than it used to be back in the  

  • 80s when i when i came to hong kong but i think  that's true of china as well one thing that hasn't  

  • changed that is important i think also is freedom  of expression that you can really say we're as  

  • free to say what we want in hong kong as anywhere  in the world and you're not over the border  

  • what is at stake now with the demonstrations  the crux of the problem is the lack of democracy  

  • or universal suffrage which is enshrined  in the basic law people want to vote people  

  • want to vote for their leaders in hong kong and  they're not able to 20 years after the handover  

  • were not being given what was promised the anger  and the frustration is there and it's escalating  

  • my fear for hong kong would be all of the protests  all of the noise all of the international coverage  

  • actually won't achieve anything

  • amid the pulsating pace of capitalist life in  hong kong i've enjoyed perceiving contrasts  

  • my unexpected brushes with village life and  with traditional ways of thinking and doing  

  • on my first visit since the end of colonial rule  i find the long-established trends have continued  

  • passing under the control of communist china  has not prevented the city from becoming bigger  

  • taller and even more international but  as sunyat sen observed a century ago  

  • the city's people are used to living  freely and expressing their minds and  

  • the question for the future is whether  for beijing that contrast goes too far

  • next time i'm in thailand to find out  about one of the kingdom's great monarchs  

  • king long gone is up to today michael uh venerated  for i'm saving thailand from this colonial threat  

  • take cover in an umbrella factory how do i look  wow you look like an astronaut and discover  

  • the potent ingredients of thai cooking this isshrimp paste really yeah i can check the smell and  

  • later tonight moving personal recollections  and archive footage are brought together in  

  • a powerful documentary belson our story  here on bbc2 at nine next top gear  

  • you

i'm in southeast asia with my 1913 bradshaw's  handbook published at the height of european  

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 UK hong kong china village british sen

波迪路介紹香港02

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    Yiu Fung Chow posted on 2021/11/07