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  • Testicles, balls, nuts, cojones, DwayneThe RockJohnsons; regardless of what you call

  • them, you wouldn't be alive today without this sex organ.

  • That being said, testicles are pretty odd.

  • They are vital organs outside of the male body, one almost always hangs lower than the

  • other, and they contain terabytes of genetic information.

  • Let's start with a really weird testicle fact.

  • All male animals have some form of testes.

  • But the bush cricket may have the weirdest sized testicles in the entire animal kingdom.

  • The bush cricket's testicles account for 14 percent of their entire body weight.

  • Imagine if a 150 pound human had testes that were 14 percent of their body weight.

  • That would mean their testicles would be almost 24 pounds.

  • Those are some big balls.

  • Sticking with the animal kingdom, male right whales have the largest testicles of any organism.

  • On average, the right whale testicle weighs around one ton and can produce a gallon of

  • semen.

  • And if you thought having a one ton testicle was weird, humans decided to take whale testicles

  • to a whole new level.

  • The Icelandic brewing company Stedji has produced a beer for the country's mid-winter festival.

  • The festival is called Thorri, and the beer they created for it is the Hvalur 2 beer.

  • You may be wondering what an Icelandic beer and testicles have in common, well prepare

  • to get weird.

  • The beer itself is brewed with the testicles of fin whales.

  • The fin whale testes are smoked in dried sheep dung, added to the batch of beer, and brewed

  • to infuse their flavor in the alcohol.

  • So it would seem the weirdest thing about whale testicles is what humans do with them.

  • And fin whale testicles are not the only reproductive organs that humans have made into a drink.

  • In the 16th through 18th century women in Canada would put beaver testicles in their

  • tea or moonshine.

  • It was believed that the beaver testicles acted as a contraceptive.

  • They didn't.

  • All that people got from drinking the beverage was the weird taste of beaver in their mouth.

  • Although we use the word testicles which has Latin roots, other languages use the term

  • for the male reproductive organ in different ways.

  • For example, the word avocado is derived from the Aztec word for testicles.

  • This is also true of the word orchid, which is derived from the Greek word for testicles.

  • Humans have probably been comparing their testes to nature since the beginning of time.

  • This brings us to a unique, yet weird, term that is sometimes used for testicles: blue

  • balls.

  • The colorful name is given to the sensation that occurs when a male gets sexually aroused,

  • but then does not have a release.

  • This can lead to an uncomfortable throbbing sensation in the testicles.

  • At no point in time do the testes turn blue, and if for some reason they did, that person

  • should immediately go seek medical attention, because they have much bigger problems than

  • just a little discomfort.

  • The scientific term for blue balls is epididymal hypertension.

  • The biological reason this occurs is because the blood vessels of the testes expand to

  • make room for increased blood flow in preparation for sex.

  • This is how males get erections.

  • However, the penis is not the only thing that can increase in size in preparation for intercourse.

  • The testicles of human males can actually double in size when they are aroused.

  • Think about how crazy that is.

  • During sex the testes can grow twice as large to accommodate all of the blood flowing to

  • the genitalia.

  • No wonder someone can sometimes feel light headed after sex.

  • If you thought testicles growing twice their normal size was weird this next fact will

  • really surprise you.

  • Sometimes the testicles can be hidden within the body.

  • When a human male is developing in the womb his testicles normally drop down from the

  • abdomen, and form in the scrotum outside of the body.

  • However, sometimes human males are born with both testicles still inside their body.

  • Basically they appear to be born with no testes at all.

  • Of course the testicles are still there, they just haven't descended yet.

  • Sometimes when this happens the testicles eventually descend on their own after a few

  • months, sometimes they don't.

  • If the testes do remain hidden in the body they oftentimes need to be taken out through

  • surgery.

  • This normally resolves the problem and allows the testicles to hang freely, but like with

  • any surgery, there are risks.

  • A risk of having undescended testicles is that the person has a 40 percent higher chance

  • of developing testicular cancer, even after they have been operated on.

  • But why do the testicles sit outside of the body?

  • They are incredibly sensitive and vital to the reproduction of our species, so why aren't

  • they more protected?

  • The answer is both surprising and weird.

  • The main purpose of the testes is to produce sperm.

  • They actually serve no other purpose but to produce sperm and secrete hormones.

  • In fact, the average human testicles produces around 200 million sperm every day.

  • But why is the organ that ensures the continuation of our species so exposed?

  • Why aren't they inside of the body where they can be protected?

  • The reason is because of temperature regulation.

  • Sperm survives best around 93 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • This is about five degrees cooler than the internal temperature of the body, which is

  • 98.6 degrees.

  • By having the testicles sitting just outside of the body their temperature can be regulated.

  • This is done by the scrotum tightening or loosening.

  • When it shrinks the testes are pulled closer to the body, and therefore, their temperature

  • rises.

  • When the scrotum stretches the testicles descend away from the body and their temperature lowers.

  • It is a balancing act of the testes to ensure they stay at a viable temperature for sperm

  • production and storage.

  • This dance of the testicles isn't just specific to humans.

  • Every animal is slightly different.

  • For example, elephant testicles are tucked up inside the body near their kidneys.

  • So the thermoregulation process and temperature of the testicles is different from animal

  • to animal.

  • Sperm for all intents and purposes is a data storage device.

  • It holds half of the genetic information to make an offspring in the form of DNA.

  • This means that the average male ejaculation releases around 15.8 terabytes of data in

  • DNA code, which makes the testes one of the largest data storage devices in the world.

  • And if having two organs that act like computer hard drives between the legs isn't weird

  • enough, most testicles hang at different heights.

  • For most males the left testicle hangs a little lower than the right.

  • The reason for this is so that the temperature of one testicle can be adjusted without affecting

  • the other.

  • If both testes were at the same exact height they would be constantly touching one another,

  • and there would be no way to make slight temperature adjustments to either side without affecting

  • the other.

  • Scientists have no idea why it is the left testicle that hangs lower for most males,

  • it may be by random chance, or a yet to be discovered reason that will be just another

  • weird fact to add to the list.

  • It is important we continue to learn about the world around us and this includes learning

  • more about testicles.

  • If we don't, some terrible mistakes could be made.

  • For example, in the Middle Ages men who wanted sons sometimes had their left testicles chopped

  • off.

  • It was thought that the right testicle held the sperm to create a male and the left testicle

  • held the sperm that created a female.

  • It was believed that by cutting off the left testicle, they were all but ensured to have

  • a male offspring.

  • As science advanced we discovered that the Y chromosome that determines whether an offspring

  • will be male or female can be found in the sperm of both testicles.

  • Meiosis, which is the process of cell division to create sex cells such as sperm, occurs

  • the exact same way in both testicles.

  • Therefore, regardless which testicle the sperm that fertilizes the egg comes from, there

  • is a 50/50 chance that it carries the Y chromosome and that the baby will be a boy.

  • You also have to wonder how awkward it must have been if a man in the Middle Ages cut

  • off his left testicle and his next baby was a female.

  • He must have felt really silly for treating his testes in such a horrible way.

  • Like all organs in your body, testicles make proteins for different functions within your

  • cells.

  • Interestingly, testicles have the most diverse proteins out of any organ in the body.

  • It has been estimated that around 77% of all human proteins can be created in the testicles.

  • Around 1,000 of those proteins are unique to the testes alone.

  • This is interesting because the human brain only creates around 300 unique proteins.

  • So, it would seem that the testicles are sometimes more impressive than even the human brain,

  • which might not come as a surprise for some of you when thinking about the males of our

  • species.

  • On a more serious note, a unique form of cancer that develops in the testicles can be incredibly

  • dangerous for men.

  • Testicular cancer occurs most frequently in men who are between 15 and 35 years old.

  • This is a younger age group than most other cancers.

  • Testicular cancer can be dangerous and even fatal.

  • It is estimated that around 8,700 new cases of testicular cancer are diagnosed every year

  • in the United States alone.

  • Of these 8,700 hundred men around 380 will die.

  • So, testicular cancer is not something to be taken lightly.

  • The testicles are truly unique organs, and if nothing else, they are definitely weird.

  • Whether it is their unique size and shape, or the crazy things we do with them, who knows

  • what discoveries the future holds for these male reproductive organs.

  • Now check outWeird Facts about Male Body.”

  • Or watchWeird Facts About Female Body.”

Testicles, balls, nuts, cojones, DwayneThe RockJohnsons; regardless of what you call

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Weird Facts About Testicles

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    Summer posted on 2021/08/19
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