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  • It`s out birthday. Perfect for throwback Thursday.

  • That`s what we looked like when we first launched 25 years ago under the name CNN Newsroom.

  • It`s not all that`s changed. We`ll have more on our history about nine minutes in the future.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. Today, CNN STUDENT NEWS coverage starts in Iraq.

  • We`ve talked about how a terrorist group named ISIS or Islamic State has violently taken over parts of Iraq hoping to establish a government based on ISIS`s severe interpretation of Islam.

  • Less than three years after the last U.S. combat troops left Iraq,

  • the U.S. government is deploying about 130 Marines and Special Operations forces there.

  • They`ll be working as advisors joining hundreds of other Americans already in Iraq to advise Iraqi troops.

  • And some experts are warning about something called mission creep.

  • When a military operation unintentionally gets bigger than its initial mission.

  • Here, the aftermath of a devastating U.S. air strike on ISIS fighters in northern Iraq.

  • Here, the aftermath of a devastating U.S. air strike on ISIS fighters in northern Iraq.

  • The Obama administration insists attacks from the air like this one,

  • are the limit of America`s combat role in Iraq.

  • But several veteran Iraq commanders we interviewed say mission creep is inevitable.

  • I think this is the first toe in the water, and eventually this administration will have to confront how to destroy this Islamic state.

  • When you look at the capabilities, or rather the lack of capabilities of the Iraqi military that the U.S. is going to have to be more involved going forward.

  • Do you think that that`s a reasonable assessment?

  • You need an organization whether it`s United States or coalition forces to come in and provide them with professional military advice,

  • and eventually if U.F. forces are not on the ground, I don`t see how we are going to keep ISIS at bay.

  • For now, the administration has defined U.S. objectives very narrowly:

  • one, protect tens of thousands of members of Iraq`s Yazidi minority from an impending massacre.

  • And two, protect hundreds of American diplomats and military advisers stationed in Irbil and Baghdad.

  • However, even the Pentagon conceives those goals as strictly defined do not address ISIS itself.

  • These strikes are unlikely to affect ISIL`s overall capabilities or its operations in other areas of Iraq and Syria.

  • In fact, since the president first announced U.S. military action last Thursday,

  • the U.S. has already expanded its military support.

  • Sending weaponry to Kurdish forces and now increasing the number of U.S. military advisors on the ground.

  • Today, Secretary of State John Kerry categorically ruled out U.S. ground troops, though crucially he set the stage for further military support for Iraq`s new government.

  • The U.S. does stand ready to fully support a new and inclusive Iraqi government, particularly in its fight against ISIL.

  • Time for The Shoutout. What celestial object is believed to be created by a collapsed star?

  • You know how this works, if you think you know it, shout it out!

  • Is it an accretion, black hole, corona or dwarf star?

  • You`ve got three seconds, go.

  • Scientists believe that when a star collapses, a black hole is created.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout.

  • Scientists can`t see a black hole with a telescope,

  • and for that reason, there are a lot of theories, sometimes contradicting ones about what exactly black holes are.

  • NASA has a telescope in orbit that`s been hunting for black holes.

  • It`s called Newstar.

  • And what it does is collect x-rays from a suspected black hole that`s about 324 million light years from Earth.

  • Yes, that`s a long way.

  • This is an artist`s rendering of what Newstar detected.

  • Scientists believe that areas around supermassive black holes shine brightly in X-rays.

  • So, NASA is saying that is this particular black hole draws in the light around it, scientists are able to absorb that light through the x-rays collected by Newstar.

  • They are hoping this helps them better understand and solve the mystery surrounding black holes.

  • Every day we pick three schools that are watching for our Roll Call.

  • We get them from each day`s transcript page, so please feel free to make a new request daily until we call you.

  • Today, we are hailing the Hurricanes of West Harrison High School.

  • Great to see you all in Gulfport, Mississippi.

  • Rosemary Clarke Middle School, we`ve got the sharks, thank you for watching in Pahrump, Nevada.

  • And across the Pacific, hello to the students of Hankuk University of Foreign Studies.

  • They are watching in Yongin City, South Korea.

  • If an old woman could leave in a shoe, than a parking space sounds far more spacious.

  • But when we are talking about a home, that`s only about 130 square feet, smaller than a dorm room at college,

  • it`s not for people seeking ample closet space or a garden.

  • Savanna College of Art and Design came up with an idea that`s a tight, but sustainable fit.

  • You have 78 million Millennial.

  • Over 80 percent of them want to leave in center cities.

  • They don`t mind living in smaller spaces, because they really see their home as just a part of their lifestyle, the city is where they live.

  • We are returning to urban areas at an unprecedented rate.

  • And we are reexamining how we are using space in our cities.

  • We spend the 20th century leaving our cities and in fact,

  • in many cases building parking structures where once building stood.

  • So, what we inherit today as we head into the 21 century is a lot of structured and our center cities that are overbuilt many times in the best locations.

  • At the same time, we have these assets in place, and the question is, what do we do with that?

  • So, scad (ph) pad, six two, ask a question about how we might reinvent,

  • how we might model an immediate strategy for sustainable adaptive reuse?

  • The greenest building is the one that`s already built.

  • So, in the case of our prototype community we gave each unit one private space for the scadpad,

  • one courtyard that was adjacent. So, every unit had two parking spaces.

  • Each unit is eight feet by 16 feet.

  • So, 135 square feet.

  • So, 135 square feet.

  • They are sized to fit into a standard parking space.

  • Each scadpad is built on a mobile platform.

  • So that it can be repositioned anywhere within a parking structure or can be relocated to any other structure, virtually worldwide.

  • This microhome incorporates all the things that you need for a full lifestyle, so there`s a sleeping area,

  • a food preparation area, this is small, bathroom with all the services and there`s open space for multiple scenarios,

  • whether it be dining, or whether it be working, setting up a desk,

  • the onsite 3D printer allows residents to immediately customize the unit around their individual tastes and needs.

  • That hook that you might want in the kitchen for a particular utensil can just be printed on site and brought back into your space,

  • positioned anywhere you want.

  • So, every inch of the space was thought of.

  • And that became the departure for the art and the technology that would then become the next phase of the design process.

  • Each scadpad has a smart glass film applied to all of its windows.

  • So, if you want privacy, you can just dam the windows.

  • And then when you are ready to look out, the windows are open.

  • So, at the touch of a button,

  • you can move from a private space to an open space, expanding your sense of envelope outside of the unit out of the city`s skyline beyond.

  • All that happens, again, at the level of the skin of the building.

  • An entirely new possibility for a new generation of dwellers.

  • All right. So we look a little different now than when CNN first launched a commercial free news program for classrooms.

  • Welcome to CNN NEWSROOM. I`m Brian Todd.

  • And I`m Cassandra Henderson. Here are some of the stories we have coming up.

  • Anchors were still awesome, graphics were still awesome.

  • And our mission was the same to bring award winning current events coverage to a student audience.

  • It`s because of you and especially your teachers that we are celebrating our 25 birthday today.

  • So, thank you for being the most important part of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • Of course, the puns came a little later, what some of you would call the punishment, and others call punny punchlines.

  • There`s certainly a punusual tradition for a new show,

  • going without them today would be punthinkable, mainly because they are punstoppable.

  • It helps to be punflappable because saying them on air is often punfunny.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. I hope to see you tomorrow.

It`s out birthday. Perfect for throwback Thursday.

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August 14, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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