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  • Hello and welcome to News Review from BBC Learning English.

  • I'm Neil. Joining me is Catherine. Hi Catherine.

  • Hello Neil and hello everybody.

  • Yes, in today's story the Queen has given out an award,

  • but not to an individual; it's to a whole organisation.

  • If you'd like to test yourself on any of the vocabulary you hear in

  • this programme, there's a quiz on our website at bbclearningenglish.com.

  • Now, for more about that story, let's hear this BBC News report:

  • Yes. So, Queen Elizabeth gives out lots of awards, often to individuals,

  • but this time she has given the George Cross to the UK's

  • National Health Service, which is the publicly funded health service.

  • Now, the George Cross is given for acts of bravery and heroism,

  • so she's recognising the dedication and devotion

  • of all the people who work for the National Health Service.

  • That's right. It's an award for heroes, isn't it?

  • It is, yes.

  • OK. Well, you've been looking at this story. You've picked out some

  • really interesting vocabulary. What have you got?

  • Yes. Today we are looking at: 'honours', 'frontline' and 'mark'.

  • 'Honours', 'frontline' and 'mark'.

  • So, let's have a look at your first headline please, Catherine.

  • Yes, we're starting with Reutersthe headline:

  • 'Honours' – shows respect, often by giving an award.

  • Yes. Now, this is spelt: H-O-N-O-U-R-S. But when you listen

  • carefully, you will find that the beginning 'h' is silent.

  • So, we don't say 'h-onours', we say 'honours' – silent 'h'.

  • That's right – 'honours'. And people may know this word,

  • probably, as a noun: 'an honour'.

  • Yes, you can give somebody 'an honour'

  • or something can be 'an honour'. Now,

  • this word is all about recognising and respecting people and things.

  • So, somebody asks you, Neil, to present an award,

  • or somebody gives you an award or does something to recognise how

  • special and great you are: they 'give you an honour' or they 'honour you'

  • or you can 'be honoured'. So, it's all about recognising and respecting.

  • Yes. And there is a verbyou just used it: 'to honour' someone.

  • And that sometimes comes with an award like a medal

  • or somethingsometimes not, though.

  • Yeah, doesn't always. I mean, you can just, you know,

  • praise somebody in public and you can say, you know,

  • 'I'm honouring their contribution to this organisation.' So, one day,

  • Neil, you will be honoured for your work at BBC Learning English.

  • You will be given maybe a medal, maybe you'll get a little bit of

  • money, or maybe just a big round of applauselots of people clapping

  • to honour your English-language, teaching, broadcasting work.

  • Likewise, Catherine. And we will both feel 'deeply honoured'.

  • 'Deeply honoured', yes.

  • OK. Let's get a summary:

  • If you are interested in stories about the Royal Family,

  • we have one about the Queen and the time that she said OK to

  • Meghan and Harry's plan to leave their official royal duties.

  • Where can our viewers find this video, Catherine?

  • Just have to click the link.

  • OK. Let's have a look at our next headline please.

  • And we're in the UK with Mail Onlinethe headline:

  • 'Frontline' – describes someone with a leading role in an activity.

  • Yes. Now, this word is made of two short words joined together

  • and they are: 'front' – F-R-O-N-T, and then 'line' – L-I-N-E.

  • So, we get 'frontline'.

  • Yeah, 'frontline'. So, we know both of those words,

  • 'front' and 'line', but together why does it have this meaning?

  • It's got a military connection, hasn't it?

  • It does, yes. Now, if you think of traditional,

  • old-fashioned battles, you would have two groups of soldiers

  • meeting in a particular area, often a feildthe battlefield.

  • And literally a group of soldiers would have a line of soldiers right

  • at the front, ready to meet the other soldiers, the enemy soldiers.

  • And that line of soldiers at the front was the 'front' line,

  • and it was the most difficult and dangerous place to be.

  • So, that's the military context. If we bring it to an everyday use,

  • any time you're operating in the difficult arena of your jobthe

  • most dangerous, the most stressful, often dealing with the public in

  • crisisyou're a 'frontline' worker or you have a 'frontline' role.

  • So, if we think about in the National Health Service, the 'frontline'

  • workers are the ones who deal with patients in intensive care,

  • in the emergency room: they're dressing wounds, treating illnesses,

  • dealing with relatives. It's all the people who have the contact

  • with the emotional, difficult, stressful part of the job.

  • Now, 'non-frontline' workers would be people who work in the offices,

  • behind the scenes, doing the logistics: paperwork, bookwork,

  • procurementthat kind of thing. Still a difficult and important job,

  • but it's the ones that are facing the public, dealing with the really

  • hectic, chaotic emergency situations: they are the 'frontline' workers.

  • Yeah. And as you said, there's a kind of sense of risk involved often.

  • You know, health workers might get infected for example,

  • but also we talk about 'frontline' workers as those

  • who are dealing with the public.

  • Yes, we often do. And it's not just for medical staff.

  • You know, we can use 'frontline' workers in all the services:

  • you know, the police, ambulance service, fire service.

  • They all have 'frontline' workers, but we also use it in non-service,

  • non-emergency roles. So, you can talk about restaurants: the

  • 'frontline' staff are the staff who deal with the public: serving meals,

  • taking moneythat kind of thing. They're still 'frontline' workers.

  • Yes, they are. OK. Let's get a summary:

  • Talking about people on the front line in the coronavirus pandemic,

  • we have a story about vaccinations.

  • Where can our viewers find it, Catherine?

  • Find it by clicking the link.

  • OK. Let's have our next headline please.

  • Yes, we're now with Sky News and the headline is:

  • 'Mark' – celebrate or show respect to something.

  • Yes, this is a noun and also a verb in the headline:

  • M-A-R-K – 'to mark' or to 'make a mark'.

  • Now Neil, as a parent of two lovely children, I bet you're

  • very careful about when you leave a pen lying around, aren't you?

  • Well, yes. If you leave a pen lying around with children,

  • they might 'mark' things or 'make marks' everywhere.

  • Yes. So, you come back into the room and there is a big black line in

  • the middle of your cream sofa, and it's not a good experience, is it?!

  • No, my sofa has been 'marked'.

  • That pen, that line or splodge of inkit's a mark, isn't it?

  • And the thing is, once your sofa's 'marked',

  • every time you look in the... walk in the room, you look at it, don't you?

  • Yes, it draws attention to itself and that's...

  • that's the key here with this expression.

  • Exactly that. So, in our headline

  • we're not talking about pens and sofas and kids, but we

  • are talking about drawing attention to something, making it of...

  • remembering in fact: we use it to commemorate, to remember,

  • to draw attention, to show respect. So, if you 'mark' an occasion,

  • you do something which shows the significance of this occasion.

  • Yes. And it's all to do with significance, isn't it?

  • You know, probably, you know, my...

  • a birthday in your mid-thirties or forties is not very significant;

  • you perhaps wouldn't say that you were 'marking' it. But maybe

  • a fiftieth wedding anniversary, or something like that, is different.

  • You'd probably 'mark' that occasion with a big celebration, maybe more

  • expensive gifts would be given on a big birthday like a fiftieth.

  • Or a twenty-first, you knowwe often 'mark'

  • people's twenty-first birthdays with a large gift and a party.

  • So, different cultures have different ways of 'marking' life events.

  • Now, when we 'mark' an event, it's not necessarily a happy or

  • a sad event; it could be either. For example, people often 'mark'

  • the anniversary of an end of a war with a minute's silence.

  • Yes, there's lots of ways we can do collective commemoration,

  • or collective acts that we all do to 'mark' a serious

  • or sad occasion, and in particular anniversaries.

  • And yeah, you can do all sorts of things to 'mark' events.

  • So, William and Kate are 'marking' the seventy-fifth birthday of the

  • NHSseventy-third birthday, sorryof the NHS,

  • by going to a church service and they're also going to have a party,

  • a tea party, in Buckingham Palace with some guests.

  • So, they're 'marking' a birthday with a birthday party.

  • Lovely. OK. So, let's get a summary of that:

  • Time now for a recap of the vocabulary please.

  • Yes, we had: 'honours' – shows respect, often by giving an award.

  • We had 'frontline' – describes someone with a leading role in an activity.

  • And we had 'mark' – celebrate or show respect to something.

  • If you want to test yourself on the vocabulary,

  • there's a quiz on our website bbclearningenglish.com.

  • And don't forgetyou can find us all over social media.

  • Thanks for joining us and goodbye.

  • Bye.

Hello and welcome to News Review from BBC Learning English.

Subtitles and vocabulary

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B1 frontline headline honour catherine health service award

Queen gives medal to health service: BBC News Review

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/07/07
Video vocabulary