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  • CARL AZUZ, HOST, CNN STUDENT NEWS: A champion of freedom, a pioneering leader, a woman of greatness.

  • That`s how some world leaders described Margaret Thatcher.

  • The former British prime minister died yesterday after she had a stroke.

  • DAVID CAMERON, BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: We lost a great leader, a great prime minister, and a great Britain.

  • Margaret Thatcher didn`t just lead our country, she saved our country.

  • AZUZ: Thatcher served as prime minister from 1979 to 1990.

  • She was the first and is still the only woman to lead the British government.

  • MARGARET THATCHER, LATE FORMER BRITISH PRIME MINISTER: It was a most fascinating time of my life, and they were gripping years.

  • We sorted out the economy, people came to have a higher standard of living, a real enterprise economy.

  • We then saw the end of the Cold War.

  • They were fascinating - event after event after event.

  • AZUZ: Thatcher was sometimes known as "the Iron Lady" because of her personal and political toughness.

  • Her policies, especially some economic ones, earned her support and criticism from the British people.

  • One of her constant allies was the United States.

  • Thatcher and American president, Ronald Reagan, worked together on many global issues.

  • That includes the Cold War against the Communist Soviet Union, which Thatcher helped end.

  • Thatcher had suffered from medical issues in recent years. She was 87 years old.

  • President Obama visited Connecticut yesterday.

  • Went there to talk about guns.

  • Connecticut just passed new gun laws, some of the strictest gun laws in the United States.

  • The U.S. Senate is set to debate the issue of guns.

  • One part of the discussion is background checks for people who want to buy guns.

  • SEN. CHUCK SCHUMER, D-NEW YORK: I am hopeful that we can get something on background checks.

  • Ninety percent of America is for background checks.

  • GOV. RICK PERRY, R-TEXAS: I have to deal with the reality as the governor of the state of Texas,

  • and universal background checks is not going to save one life.

  • AZUZ: All right next up today, "Never Again" is the motto of Holocaust remembrance day.

  • Its goal is to honor the six million Jewish people, and millions of others,

  • who were killed by Nazi Germany and to prevent something like that from ever happening again.

  • In Israel you can see people who stopped their cars and paused their cars for a moment as a memorial siren sounded yesterday.

  • U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry was part of a wreath-laying ceremony at Yad Vashem,

  • that`s Israel`s Holocaust memorial center.

  • Families took part in ceremonies in the U.S. as well.

  • One Holocaust survivor talked about the day`s message for younger generations.

  • SAMI STEIGMANN, HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR: Teach them tolerance, accepting people for what they are,

  • not to hate, and to leave a better world to their children and their grandchildren than I and my generation leaving to them.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can ID me.

  • I`m one indicator of the U.S. economy.

  • I`m sometimes associated with bears and bulls,

  • though I deal more directly with shares and bonds.

  • In 1929, I took a big crash.

  • I`m the U.S. stock market, and I offer investors the opportunity to buy and sell stocks.

  • AZUZ: The stock market, in particular the Dow Jones Industrial Average, can get a lot of attention on the news.

  • How exactly do these things work?

  • What does it mean to buy and sell stocks, exactly?

  • April is financial literacy month.

  • The goal is to give people more information about the financial world

  • so they, so you, so all of us can make informed decisions.

  • So, getting back to the stock market, Alison Kosik is going to break it down for us.

  • ALISON KOSIK, CNN BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: Hi Carl, the U.S. stock market, it`s been around for 200 years. Where fortunes are made --

  • WOLF BLITZER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Strong rally today on Wall Street, and the Dow Jones Industrial Average soaring to a record high.

  • KOSIK: - -And lost.

  • ALI VELSHI, CNN BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: The Dow had its biggest point drop in history today.

  • KOSIK: But how exactly does it work?

  • Basically, every company here at the New York stock exchange is selling shares or stock in itself.

  • So if you buy one share of Disney, you give them money and in return you own a portion of the company.

  • So you are now a shareholder or an investor.

  • You can own anywhere from one share to thousands of shares.

  • People buy and sell shares based on the news they hear about the company.

  • Take Walmart for example.

  • One share costs about $75.

  • If Walmart says its stores had strong sales this month,

  • more people buy the stock and the price of the stock goes up.

  • That money goes back to Walmart, which it can use to build new stores, hire more people, or just save for the future.

  • But if Walmart says sales weren`t so good, shareholders get nervous, they sell, and the price goes down.

  • Speaking of Walmart, it trades on the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

  • That`s an index made up of 30 U.S. companies from different industries.

  • When the Dow rises, it means investors are buying shares of these companies.

  • They are confident in the direction the companies are going.

  • So, while the stock market seems complicated, it`s a way for you to own a piece of brands you know,

  • like Crest or Jiff, and hopefully make some money.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Today`s shout out goes out to Mr. Sheehan`s class at Westmount Hilltop High School in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.

  • The Karakoram mountain range is located on what continent?

  • Here we go now. Is it Africa, Asia, South American or Antarctica.

  • You`ve got three seconds, go.

  • The Karakoram range stretches about 300 miles across part of Asia.

  • That`s your answer, and that`s your shout out.

  • AZUZ: And it is up there too.

  • The average height of mountains in the Karakorams is about 20,000 feet.

  • Now, yours truly might take a run down a black diamond trail,

  • or maybe more realistically I might fall my way down a black diamond trail,

  • but if you were to ask me to step into a pair of skis and take on some of the tallest mountains in the world,

  • I`m heading back to the bunny slope.

  • Saima Mohsin caught up with some extreme adventurers who are planning to ski where no one has ever skied before.

  • SAIMA MOHSIN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: It`s the world`s highest mountain range,

  • but that hasn`t stopped a team of extreme free ride heli-skiers from taking it on.

  • Brice Lequertier is leading the team.

  • In 2003, he climbed Everest, then skied back down.

  • Now, he`s set for his biggest challenge yet.

  • BRICE LEQUERTIER, HELI-SKI TEAM LEADER: Well, the mountain (ph) is the biggest, highest, mountain range in the world.

  • You have a unique terrain.

  • Is it so big, so high, and so wild - completely undiscovered.

  • The place we flew today to, nobody`s ever been there. Nobody has ever stepped foot there.

  • So, it`s exciting. It`s just an adventure to start.

  • MOHSIN: Some of the world`s best skiers and snowboarders have flown in from Russia, Canada, France, Serbia, And Switzerland for the pioneering project.

  • There are no resorts or commercial heli-teams here,

  • so the team is working with the Pakistan military to get them to the top of the mountains.

  • We`re just trying to scout out a location where the helicopter can land where it`s safe to go heli-skiing.

  • And, when they found a spot.

  • The Karakoram mountain range in Pakistan is home to the highest concentration of peaks.

  • Over 8,000 meters to be found anywhere in the world.

  • The team that`s come here has 500 kilometers of mountain peaks to discover.

  • With untouched slopes where nobody has ever skied before,

  • this international team has plenty of adventures ahead.

  • While locals are hoping this will be the kick-start they need to boost Pakistan`s winter sports and tourism industry.

  • Saima Mohsin, CNN, in the Karakoram mountain range, Pakistan.

  • AZUZ: From the mountains to the sea, it`s turtle time on CNN STUDENT NEWS. Turtle power!

  • These guys were part of a large group of turtles found last fall near Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

  • Scientists don`t know why so many of them showed up there; originally it was over 200.

  • But it was cold, too cold for turtles, and they would have frozen to death if they had stayed put.

  • So a group of researchers picked some of them up,

  • nursed them back to health and drove them down the east coast to Little Talbot Island, Florida.

  • The waters there, in Florida, are warmer of course,

  • and it`s where turtles naturally migrate so they thought it would be a good place to let them continue being sea turtles.

  • Some of them got so excited when they heard the ocean they started flipping out in their containers.

  • Get it? Flipping out? Pretty cool.

  • All right, finally the three words you want to hear from the special someone.

  • AZUZ: All right, it might be a little hard to make out, or a lot hard to make out, that dog is barking out "I love you."

  • Maybe. Possibly. Let`s just make sure.

  • AZUZ: All right, close enough.

  • The dog`s amorous audibles earned him an adoption from this animal shelter.

  • The new owner probably heard those three words and decided it was just true "woof."

  • We admit that pun was "ruff," but whether it`s in pain or laughter, we`re sure it made everybody howl.

  • Teachers, tell us "howl" you thought today`s show went by using the feedback link on our homepage.

  • Have a great day.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, HOST, CNN STUDENT NEWS: A champion of freedom, a pioneering leader, a woman of greatness.

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April 9, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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