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  • An eye for an eye- so states the Code of Babylonian King, Hammurabi, one of the earliest and most

  • complete set of laws.

  • Kill and be killed.

  • Yet today over two thirds of the world has abolished the death penalty, seeking to separate

  • justice from the act of murder.

  • Here in the United States, most states still allow the death penalty, and America remains

  • the outlier amongst the world's democracies in enforcing the ultimate punishment.

  • But what's the death penalty like around the world?

  • How do different nations enforce it?

  • Time to grab your passport and engage in a little dark tourism.

  • United States

  • Starting here at home, the death penalty is legal in thirty states, with approximately

  • 2,000 individuals awaiting their date with the grim reaper.

  • Hanging and firing squad used to be the chief way to implement the death penalty, until

  • states switched to the gas chamber and the electric chair for a more humane way to kill.

  • Turns out both of those were far from humane, and today lethal injection remains the primary

  • method for killing- though mounting evidence is showing that lethal injection is also itself

  • extremely painful way of dying, prompting some states to consider bringing back old-school

  • alternatives like hanging and firing squad.

  • The guillotine was also proposed, citing the efficiency and speed of death, but it seems

  • like for now we'll be sticking with a lethal injection, and perhaps a firing squad or two.

  • China

  • The US gets a lot of flack for having the death penalty, but China is believed to execute

  • thousands of people a year.

  • It's difficult to get a precise count, because the Chinese government works hard to suppress

  • such unflattering business, but it is known that demand for executions is so high in China,

  • that the country purchased a fleet of 'death vans' which could quickly move from prison

  • to prison, carrying out fast and efficient executions at each stop.

  • With 46 criminal offenses mandating the death penalty- ranging from embezzlement to surrender

  • of soldiers, it's no surprise China leads the way in deaths per year.

  • China mainly executes via lethal injection, though it's not unheard of for firing squads

  • to occasionally be used.

  • Iran

  • With crimes such as drug trafficking and producing or distributing pornography grounds for the

  • death penalty, it's no surprise that Iran puts up big numbers every year in executions.

  • It's perhaps surprising that when it comes to murder the state attempts to actually prevent

  • an execution.

  • The Iranian state considers murder a private matter between the offender and the family

  • of the victim, and the family is given a choice: they can forgive the murderer and force them

  • to pay a large financial restitution, or they can opt for the death penalty.

  • The official sum owed to the family of a murder victim is the price of 100 camels, which must

  • be paid in cash.

  • Officially if the victim was female though, the family will only receive half of that

  • sum.

  • Methods of execution in Iran include hanging, firing squad, and stoning.

  • Because Iran somehow finds a way to be sexist even in executions, during a stoning a man

  • is buried to his waist, and a woman to her neck.

  • If the victim can escape the stoning pit before being killed, they are free to go.

  • Unsurprisingly, men- who are only buried halfway- have a much greater chance of escape than

  • women.

  • Indonesia

  • Another country that brutally enforces anti-drug laws, Indonesia may be flirting with the idea

  • of abolishing the death sentence, but it still routinely carries out executions- primarily

  • against drug traffickers and producers.

  • The preferred method of choice here is firing squad, though no official executioners exist-

  • instead a special police unit carries out this grim task, receiving less than $100 on

  • top of their regular pay for the job.

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Saudi Arabia is a strict adherent to traditional and highly conservative muslim law, which

  • mandates execution by beheading for most crimes.

  • While the firing squad will occasionally be used, nearly all executions are done by beheading.

  • The condemned is led out to a courtyard where their crimes are read aloud, then the executioner

  • severs the head from the body with one quick stroke.

  • While it may seem archaic, the truth is this is likely one of the most humane, and fastest

  • ways to bring about death.

  • If the criminal was particularly heinous, the decapitated body is then crucified and

  • put on public display for up to three days.

  • For international reporters with a busy schedule though, Saudi Arabia will bring the execution

  • to you, and even spare your family the funeral expenses by shoving your body down a drain.

  • Pakistan

  • Amongst the top three executioners in the world- alongside China and Iran- Pakistan

  • has 27 crimes punishable by death.

  • Perhaps unsurprisingly for such a strict religious fundamentalist nation, blasphemy is amongst

  • those crimes, and is in fact considered one of the worst offenses.

  • Defamation against the Qu'ran will only net you life imprisonment, but defiling the sacred

  • name of the Prophet Muhammad will almost certainly guarantee death.

  • Homosexuality and piracy also brings the death penalty, as well as leaving the Islamic religion

  • and joining a religion that is actively combating Islam, which is seen as treasonous.

  • Yemen

  • Yemen may be a small nation, but has one of the highest rates of executions per capita

  • in the world.

  • Here the death penalty is invoked for any capital crime such as rape, murder, or terrorism,

  • however it can also be enforced for violations of Islamic law such as adultery, sexual misconduct,

  • sodomy, prostitution and blasphemy- though unlike Pakistan, these are very rare.

  • While stoning, hanging, and beheading are all permitted under Yemani law, the firing

  • squad is the only form of execution in use today.

  • Egypt

  • Another prolific executioner, Egypt maintains the death penalty for a variety of instances

  • such as murder, terrorism, and rape.

  • The death penalty can also be mandated in cases where an offense later leads to death

  • or severe bodily harm to others, such as in the case of the Port Said Stadium riot.

  • This riot occurred when victorious football fans stormed the stands of the opposite side

  • and began to violently attack them with clubs, rocks, and other improvised weapons.

  • 74 people were killed, though most were because of the police's refusal to open the stadium

  • gates, resulting in many people being crushed to death by the panicking crowd.

  • Ten defendants were condemned to death for their part in the riot, with execution carried

  • out by hanging.

  • Iraq

  • Frequently invoked by Saddam Hussein, ironically he himself would end up facing the death penalty

  • for his crimes against the Iraqi people.

  • In this country car theft can net you the death penalty, as well assabotage of the

  • national economy”, which is catch-all term for piracy, bootlegging and other forms of

  • economic crime.

  • Try to smuggle out large amounts of ancient artifacts from the country, and you too could

  • be facing the death penalty in Iraq.

  • The preferred method of execution here is by hanging, and after his capture Saddam Hussein

  • found his own end this way- a mercy for a man who brutally tortured and murdered thousands.

  • United Arab Emirates

  • Another country with fundamentalist roots, the UAE maintains the death penalty for capital

  • crimes such as treason, murder, aggravated robbery and rape.

  • However, the UAE also considers adultery and apostasy as capital crimes which carry the

  • death penalty.

  • The death penalty is rarely invoked however, as the law requires that three judges all

  • agree on the application of the death penalty.

  • Like other fundamentalist countries, the UAE also gives the family of a victim the option

  • of receiving a cash repayment rather than the offender facing the death penalty.

  • If repayment is agreed upon, the sum for murder is about $54,450 USD, and the accused still

  • faces two to three years of prison time.

  • Most surprising of all though may be that the UAE enforces the death penalty for environmental

  • crimes as well.

  • Those facing the death penalty will met their end via firing squad, with the execution often

  • attended to by the victim's family.

  • North Korea

  • One of the last four countries to still make its executions public- the others being Iran,

  • Saudi Arabia, and Somalia- North Korea is a strict adherent to the death penalty, perhaps

  • unsurprising given the Kim family's tyrant grip on the nation.

  • While you'll find capital offenses familiar to you already on the list of crimes deserving

  • the death penalty, such as drug smuggling, treason, and murder, other crimes such as

  • consumption of foreign media and attempting to convert people to a religion and away from

  • the Juche ideology also merit the death penalty in the hermit kingdom.

  • The main methods employed in North Korea include the firing squad, hanging, and decapitation,

  • though many criminals see themselves condemned- often along with their families- to lifelong

  • imprisonment in camps where they'll be worked or beaten to death, and sometimes even medically

  • experimented on.

  • Personally offending the Dear Leader can also lead to the death penalty, such as when actress

  • Woo In-hee who was married but having an affair with Kim Jong-il, cheated on him by having

  • an affair with a third man, and was publicly executed via firing squad.

  • Now go check out what life on death row is like in Death Row: Japan vs United States-

  • What's The Difference?

  • Or click this other video instead!

An eye for an eye- so states the Code of Babylonian King, Hammurabi, one of the earliest and most

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Death Row In Different Countries (Around The World)

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/03/21
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