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  • - [Suzi] "Put that in your (beep) fart machines,

  • you (beep) fart makers!"

  • (imitates farting)

  • (orchestral music)

  • - Hello.

  • Today, we're talking about Ub Iwerks,

  • the creator of Mickey Mouse.

  • So our story starts in 1919, in Kansas City, USA.

  • Walt Disney was a draftsman, Ub Iwerks was an animator.

  • Ub goes, "Hey, Walt, what if we were to put

  • a live-action person into an animated frame?"

  • "Yes!

  • That's it!"

  • They create something called the "Alice Comedies."

  • But there's no money in it.

  • Walt, though, is ambitious.

  • He goes off the California and he goes to the head

  • of Universal Animation, Charles Mintz.

  • He was like, "This is amazing!

  • I can use this.

  • But the quality has to be as good."

  • Walt's like, "Ub, get out here, ASAP.

  • Yo, this is better than being in Kansas City,

  • 'Cause Kansas City is like,

  • you could, like, give me the deed to the city

  • and I still wouldn't even stay there."

  • He drives the seven days to California.

  • He takes these-

  • Oh, no.

  • Let me back up.

  • At this point, Ub came up with Oswald the Lucky Rabbit.

  • So Oswald does great for Universal,

  • and Walt goes to Charles Mintz, and he says, "Listen,

  • we are (beep) killing it.

  • Time for you to pay us some more money."

  • And Mintz, Mintz looks at him and he laughs,

  • (laughs)

  • "I'm gonna give you less money!"

  • Mintz goes, "I have signed all of your animators,

  • and I own Oswald.

  • He's mine."

  • Walt Disney vowed from that day,

  • "Not only

  • will I ever not own

  • any character I create,

  • I will never not own them."

  • (laughs)

  • He said to Ub, "Ub, you with me?"

  • And Ub, yet again, left with Walt Disney.

  • And Ub said to him, "What are we doing, Walt?"

  • And Walt's like, "We need a character, Ub.

  • What do you got?"

  • "What about a horse?"

  • "Nope."

  • "What about a dog?"

  • "Nope."

  • (sighs) "What about a cat?"

  • "No, man!

  • We got enough cats!

  • We got Felix the cat, there's a lot of cats out there!

  • What else you got?"

  • "What about a mouse?"

  • Walt's like, "Yeah, let's do that."

  • But what happened next was all Ub Iwerks, okay?

  • So Ub locked himself in the studio,

  • and he churns out 600 to 700 frames a day.

  • Unheard of.

  • He did two months of animation in two weeks

  • and he created a character,

  • Mickey Mouse.

  • He sat down and drew that cartoon plain crazy.

  • Walt loves it, but he goes, "You know what?

  • We need something bigger."

  • And Ub was like, "What if we could sync sound to it?

  • What if we did our next cartoon where

  • we could see the action happening

  • in the time with the music?"

  • And Walt was like, "Yeah.

  • Let's do sync sound."

  • So Steambew-

  • So Steamoa-

  • So "Steamboat Willie" comes out

  • and it blows audiences away.

  • They went, "I can see that mouse whistling!

  • I can hear the mouse whistling!"

  • "Oh, my God!

  • This mouse is whistling along with what his mouth is doing!

  • That's (beep) sync sound."

  • There were standing ovations.

  • Mickey Mouse became an icon overnight.

  • He was referenced in movies and songs,

  • and it creates

  • Disney.

  • Like, this embellishes their minds to everybody.

  • They know that this is, like,

  • the game has changed.

  • With the added pressures of Mickey doing really well,

  • Disney, he wanted to oversee every bit of production.

  • "Hey, you gotta meet this timing sheet

  • and we gotta be here by then, and productivity."

  • (speaks gibberish)

  • Now, at a party in Hollywood, a little kid came up

  • to Walt Disney, he's like, "Hey, Mr. Walt Disney!

  • I love Mickey Mouse!

  • Would you draw me a picture of him?"

  • Walt's like, "Sure, kid.

  • I'll draw you a picture of Mickey Mouse."

  • And he handed the paper to Ub Iwerks, and Ub goes,

  • "Whoa!

  • Are you (beep) kidding me?

  • This is-

  • What?

  • No.

  • I'm out of here."

  • Where was I?

  • Ub and...

  • - Oh, Walt Disney?

  • - [Derek Miller] And Ub starts Iwerks Animation.

  • Crazy stuff happened in his cartoons, you know,

  • girls' dresses would blow off,

  • and animals would lose limbs, it was anarchy.

  • But the Hays Commission comes in.

  • Those are the guys who were starting to put

  • limitations on what you could and couldn't show.

  • And they were like, "This is not gonna fly anymore."

  • So that was the end of Iwerks Animation.

  • A friend of Ub's is working at Disney Studios, still.

  • He's like, "Ub's out of work.

  • You could use him."

  • Walt agrees to have Ub for lunch.

  • He says, "Ub, I want you back.

  • Please come work for me."

  • And Ub looks at him and he says, "Walt,

  • I want to come back and work for you.

  • But I will never work for you in animation.

  • I want to work for you in photographic effects."

  • And Walt is like, "Yeah, you're the guy for that.

  • Come and do that for me!"

  • He was a rockstar for Walt.

  • He built stuff so they could do "Marry Poppins,"

  • the penguin dance, he wins a technical Oscar for that.

  • Ub Iwerks had his hand in every single ride at Disneyland,

  • creating the special effects.

  • And Ub died a Disney legend,

  • So this is a real Disney ending.

  • Or, as I like to think,

  • as I like to think, this is an Iwerks ending.

  • Because he was the man.

  • To Ub.

  • - [Derek Waters] Ub.

  • - What the (beep) kind of name's Ub?

  • - Hello.

  • My name is Mark Proksch,

  • and today we are gonna talk about the Bone Wars.

  • (wheezes)

  • A lot of people don't know this.

  • The first dinosaur wasn't discovered

  • until the mid-19th century.

  • This created kind of a new science.

  • Two of the first paleontologists

  • were Othneil Marsh and Edward Cope.

  • Cope discovers this great discovery in new Jersery.

  • New Jersery.

  • Not a place.

  • New Jersey.

  • The first dinosaur that's nearly complete.

  • And so, Marsh-

  • (laughs)

  • And so, Marsh gets there and they tour around.

  • It's like, "Hey, Cope.

  • You're a great guy, love you, thank you so much,

  • you're awesome."

  • And then he goes to the owners of this site and says,

  • "Listen buddies, here's my dollars.

  • Dollars good in the eye of the federal government.

  • If you find any more dinosaur bones,

  • don't send them to Cope, send them to me."

  • And they do that.