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  • - [Amber] We are the Little Rock Nine.

  • We are (beep) nine visions of black excellence.

  • We will go to school and we'll change the world.

  • It'll be great.

  • - Hello.

  • Today we're going to talk about the Scopes Monkey Trial.

  • (mouth slurping)

  • The 1925 in Dayton, Tennessee, the economy was tanking.

  • George Rappleyea was a lawyer.

  • One day he saw an open letter in the newspaper.

  • The ACLU, which is a new organization

  • offers to represent any teacher that wants

  • to challenge the new Tennessee state law

  • that forbids the teaching of evolution.

  • This gives George an idea.

  • Hey, if someone locally challenged this law,

  • it could become the trial of the century

  • and it could help the economy in our (beep) little town

  • that nobody knows about.

  • George Rappleyea, who I want to call Appleyea,

  • because it's the only way I can remember his name.

  • Apple yay!

  • But his name is Rappleyea.

  • - Right. - Yeah.

  • Don't call them Appleyea.

  • Okay, I call him Rappleyea.

  • So they pitched this idea to John Scopes

  • of the Scopes Monkey Trial.

  • Isn't it terrible that there's this law?

  • You're a science teacher.

  • Yeah, I'm a football coach.

  • I also took,

  • I'm a football coach.

  • I also teach a little science

  • and I personally believe in evolution.

  • The ACLU, they hire the greatest defense attorney,

  • probably ever, Clarence Darrow.

  • Public schools should teach science and facts.

  • That's what I think.

  • William Jennings Bryan comes in to fight

  • for the Tennessee state statute, which he inspired.

  • You can't teach evolution.

  • Yeah, legally you can't teach it.

  • On the first day of the Scope Monkey Trial

  • Williams Jenning Bryan,

  • why does that not sound like I'm saying it right?

  • Williams Jenning Bryan says to the court,

  • "If evolution wins, Christianity goes."

  • And to that Clarence Darrow argued

  • that Scopes isn't on trial.

  • Civilization is on trial.

  • This was like a boxing match.

  • This was the trial of the century,

  • and for the first time,

  • people were able to hear a trial on their radios.

  • There was a point in the trial in which Clarence Darrow

  • asked scientists to explain the theory of evolution.

  • But the judge in the Scopes Monkey Trial was John Raulston.

  • And he believed, "I have been called on by God

  • "to be the judge in this case.

  • "So I don't care what all these scientists have to say.

  • "They can't give testimony."

  • So Clarence Darrow decided, "Okay, all my witnesses,

  • "they can't give testimony.

  • "So I'll ask someone who's an expert on the Bible

  • "to give testimony.

  • "Hey, what is your name, Bryant?

  • "I know you're on the other side of this case,

  • "but why don't you go on the witness stand

  • "and I'll question you about the Bible?"

  • Now, Williams Jenning Bryan was so excited about this.

  • He was like, "Oh my God,

  • "I'm gonna destroy you as a witness.

  • "I will go on the witness stand."

  • Now the judge didn't want him to do this.

  • The judge was (muffled speaking).

  • (BJ laughing)

  • When Clarence Darrow puts William Jennings Bryan

  • on the Bible, he asks,

  • "Do you believe all the stories of the Bible literally?"

  • And the first answer of William Jennings Bryan is,

  • "Yes, the Bible is literal.

  • "I believe in it literally."

  • And then asking him specific questions.

  • Where did Kane's wife come from?

  • He made Adam and Eve.

  • And then all of a sudden there are other people

  • and Kane finds a wife.

  • Where did Kane's wife come from?

  • William Jennings Bryan gets flustered and says,

  • "Well, I leave that up to you agnostics to find out."

  • That's all Clarence Darrow needed.

  • So you're not interpreting the Bible literally?

  • Clarence Darrow goes on

  • to destroy William Jennings Bryan on facts.

  • - [Derek] Are you still spinning or how do you feel?

  • - Well, I'm, I'm dizzy.

  • I feel weird.

  • I feel like I think I know where I'm going,

  • and then I get utterly confused

  • about where I thought I was going.

  • Ah, nope.

  • Gonna get Facebook responses for this.

  • This was the complete destruction

  • of William Jennings Bryant

  • and William Jennings Bryant looks like a fool.

  • But William Jennings Bryant

  • knows I have the most amazing closing argument to make.

  • So the entire country listening to the radio agrees,

  • Clarence Darrow just mopped the floor

  • with William Jennings Bryant.

  • But William Jennings Bryant

  • has the most amazing closing argument to make.

  • Unfortunately for him,

  • Clarence Darrow also knows that he probably

  • has a pretty amazing closing argument.

  • So when the judge asks, Clarence Darrow

  • says, "I don't want to make a closing argument."

  • By law William Jennings Bryant now cannot

  • make his closing argument.

  • He was like, "You scumbag.

  • "You know what a (beep) scumbag you're being right now."

  • He was just humiliated

  • and now he can't even make the closing argument

  • he's been working on for the entire trial,

  • because he knew that at least in the minds

  • of those listening to the trial on the radio,

  • he had won and that's all he wanted.

  • Because he knew he was gonna lose.

  • He wanted to lose so that a higher court

  • could decide on this bigger law.

  • Six days after the trial,

  • William Jennings Bryant died

  • and the press reported that William Jennings Bryant

  • didn't die of diabetes.

  • He died of a broken heart.

  • - You think they were right? - No,

  • I think he died of diabetes.

  • - [Derek] Perfect ending.

  • - Hey everybody, I'm Amber Ruffin,

  • and I'm here to talk about the Little Rock Nine.

  • I can't reach you.

  • - I got you. - Oh, you got up.

  • - One more nine.

  • Do it again

  • We're gonna celebrate

  • One more nine

  • Oh yeah ta pop oh pop oh

  • Our story starts in Arkansas,

  • Little Rock to be specific.

  • It's 1957.

  • The Supreme court has just ruled in a case

  • of Brown vs. The Board of Education

  • that separate is not equal.

  • So their local NAACP went out to the black community

  • and found nine kids to go to Central High School,

  • the premier high school in little Rock, Arkansas.

  • So this kids are like, "We are the Little Rock Nine.

  • "We are (beep) nine visions of black excellence.

  • "We will go to school and we'll change the world.

  • "It'll be great."

  • So then the governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus,

  • finds out that these kids are planning to integrate

  • and this bitch, Orval Fartbus.

  • (Derek laughing)

  • You can fart all you want on a fart bus.

  • Anyway, Orval Fartbus was like,

  • "Hey, if these kids integrate,

  • "the streets will run red with blood."

  • Orval Fartbus is a bitch.

  • (both laughing)

  • So then the kids show up to school on September 4th, 1957,

  • the first day of school.

  • The senior in the group of the Little Rock Nine

  • is Ernest Green.

  • And he is like, "Oh my gosh,

  • "there is an ass load of angry white people."

  • This angry white mob was like, "We don't like you.

  • "You need to go away.

  • "We are going to beat you up

  • "and hang you from a tree (laughs)."

  • This is not funny.

  • Meanwhile, on the other side of school,

  • Elizabeth Eckford, the ninth of the Little Rock Nine

  • is like, "Oh (beep), I'm here all by myself.

  • "Oh my God, there's a huge mob of white people.

  • "This is terrifying.

  • They're yelling and they have signs

  • and they're shouting shit.

  • And they are like, "Hey, you're white.

  • "I mean, I'm white and you're black.

  • "So that means I don't like you."

  • So she gathers herself and this girl is G'd up.

  • (beep) face stone cold and walking through these people

  • who want to pick her up and break her in two,

  • just walking through like a G.

  • And she sees the Arkansas National Guard.

  • "They must be here to help me," she thinks.

  • She quickens her pace and she goes,

  • "Hey, these white people are trying to kill me.

  • "Please save me."

  • And they like block her entrance.

  • They are letting other white students in and she's like,

  • "What is the deal?

  • "You are the National (beep) Guard.

  • "If anybody needs to be guarded it's me here now."

  • So she leaves school.

  • She sits down at the bus stop

  • and the white people are surrounding her.

  • And they're like, "We don't like you, you are poopy."

  • She went several minutes for the bus.

  • The bus pulls up and she's like,

  • "Thank God, I can finally get out of here.

  • "This isn't the last I will see of you,

  • "but also (beep), can I just get a (beep) education?"

  • So (burps) that was the first attempt and they lost.

  • So attempt number two, they regroup.

  • They go at it again in a week.

  • They all got together this time

  • and they all entered school at the same place

  • at the same time.

  • The Little Rock police force escorts the children

  • into school and they say, "Hey, look,

  • "let me catch you out on the street any other day,

  • "and then who knows what?

  • "But today we'll take care of you."

  • They escort the children into school

  • and they hold the line so that the crazy angry white mob

  • does not act a fool.

  • But the angry mob, they break through the police line

  • and goes into the school

  • and are like, "Ha, we hate black people so much,

  • "we're coming in this school to snatch you out."

  • So the cops are like, (beep).

  • So they get away in the nick of time

  • because people are so angry that they beat up cops

  • and push them out of the way

  • so they could get to these children.

  • White people.

  • So they go to their houses.

  • These kids are now like,

  • "Oh man, there's nothing we can do.

  • "I feel very discouraged.

  • "All these white people are extra crazy, they're very mad."

  • Ernest Green turns to the group and he says,

  • "You know what?

  • "We need to continue through to school

  • "because all of these white people

  • "are going to think we are to be (beep) with.

  • "We absolutely can't give up."

  • So ba ba ba doo,

  • that story of the crazy white people

  • of Little Rock, Arkansas finds its way to Eisenhower.

  • And he is like, "This shit is (beep) embarrassing.

  • "These white people are (beep) my shit up.

  • "How dare these people think that they can use mob mentality

  • "to overrule."

  • (both laughing)

  • I mean none of these words are words

  • that have ever come out of my mouth.