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  • MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

  • Today on Inside the TOEFL Test,

  • we're going inside the TOEFL iBT Listening section.

  • Specifically, the Organization questions.

  • Organization questions ask you to show understanding

  • of how a lecture is structured.

  • You can recognize organization questions

  • because they often include phrases

  • such as "Why does the professor mention...?"

  • or "Why does the professor discuss...?"

  • These kinds of phrases show that organization questions

  • are often asked about the examples in a lecture,

  • so it helps to listen for examples,

  • and think about why the professor is using them.

  • Now let's look at a sample question.

  • The question is from a literature lecture about

  • detective novels, including one titled The Moonstone.

  • The passage focuses on an important character

  • from The Moonstone named Sergeant Cuff

  • who is trying to solve a crime.

  • Here is an excerpt from the lecture:

  • PROFESSOR: So, now Cuff arrives.

  • Uh, Cuff is the man who's coming to solve the mystery,

  • and-and again he has a lot of the characteristics that

  • future detectives throughout the history of this genre will have.

  • Um, He's eccentric.

  • Um, He has a hobby that he's obsessive about-in this ...

  • uh, in this case, it's the love of roses.

  • He's a fanatic about the breeding of roses;

  • and here think of Nero Wolfe and his orchids,

  • uh Sherlock Holmes and his violin,

  • uh a lot of those later classic detective heroes

  • have this kind of outside interest that they uh ...

  • they go to as a kind of antidote to the evil

  • and misery they encounter in their daily lives.

  • Now, um, these detective heroes .. um..

  • they have this characteristic of being smart, incredibly smart,

  • but of not appearing to be smart.

  • And uh most importantly,

  • from uh a kind of existential point of view,

  • these detectives see things that other people do not see.

  • And that's why the detective is such an important figure,

  • I think, in our modern imagination.

  • Um, In the case of The Moonstone-

  • um I don't want to say too much here and spoil it for you-

  • but the clue that's key to ...

  • the solving of the crime is a smeared bit of paint

  • in a doorway.

  • Um, of course, the regular police have missed this paint

  • smear or made some sort of unwarranted assumption about it.

  • Cuff sees this smear of paint-um this paint,

  • the place where the paint is smeared-

  • and realizes that from this one smear of paint

  • you can actually deduce the whole situation ...

  • um, the whole world.

  • And-And that's what the hero in a detective novel like this ...

  • brings to it that the other characters don't-

  • it's um it's this ability to see meaning

  • where others see no meaning

  • and to bring order ... to where uh it seems there is no order.

  • MICHAEL: Here's an example of an organization question:

  • Why does the professor mention a smeared bit of paint

  • in a doorway in The Moonstone?

  • Let's look at the answer choices one at a time.

  • Choice A can be ruled out

  • because the professor directly states

  • that noticing the smeared paint is the key

  • to solving the crime, not a mistake.

  • For option B to be correct, there would have been a pattern

  • of discussing details from the crime scene.

  • But the smeared paint is the only visual detail

  • from the crime scene that is mentioned.

  • So option B is not correct.

  • Option D can be eliminated because the professor states

  • that the police officers didn't notice the smeared paint.

  • Option C is the best answer because the professor talks

  • about hero detectives in mystery novels

  • and the characteristics they have in common.

  • The professor indicates that there is a pattern

  • when he says this:

  • PROFESSOR: These detectives see things

  • that other people do not see.

  • MICHAEL: Here's a listening tip that can help you understand

  • how a lecture is organized: Listen for the signal words

  • that indicate the introduction, major ideas,

  • examples and the conclusion or summary.

  • These might be sequence words like "first," "next" and "then."

  • Or they might indicate time or a chronology,

  • like "before," "during" or "since."

  • Or they could show cause and effect,

  • like "accordingly" or "as a result."

  • These signal words are good cues for when to take notes.

  • There are lots of ways to improve your English skills.

  • Whatever you do, keep practicing.

  • And good luck on your TOEFL test.

MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

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TOEFL® Listening Questions - Organization │Inside the TOEFL® Test

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/01/27
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