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  • The existence of God has been fiercely debated for centuries

  • but regardless of what you think or feel is true

  • can we use math, the universal, unbiased language

  • to come to a conclusion?

  • Can math prove God's existence?

  • The most famous argument in favour of a God-made world

  • using logic and reasoning is the "argument by design"

  • Simply put, given how complex and amazing

  • everything around us is

  • can we really believe that

  • dumb luck put it together?

  • Even from a scientist perspective

  • life is amazing

  • incredibly rare

  • and took a monumental amount of steps

  • chance-happenings and time to come about

  • So, a religious person may argue:

  • "Doesn't it seem much more plausible

  • that there was some driving force behind it all?"

  • This type of argument is called

  • reductio ad absurdum

  • which simply means it attempts to

  • disprove a statement by showing

  • it inevitably leads to absurd

  • or impractical conclusions

  • In this case

  • it suggests that 1) if there is no God, humans developing is very unlikely

  • 2) humans did develop

  • therefore, 3) it is unlikely that there is no God

  • but let's take this logic one step further

  • and imagine a universe before anything has been created

  • Here, we have a base box

  • where we have our two possibilities of

  • God existing and no God existing

  • On the other side are possibilities are that

  • humans exist or that humans don't exist

  • If no God is true

  • then most would agree that human existence takes a lot of specific factors to come about

  • so let's make up a tiny probability

  • and say that there's a 1/4 billion billion chance

  • of humanity coming into existence

  • in a world with no God

  • and if God is real

  • even though we don't know that God would make humans

  • certainly He could

  • so let's give it a higher probability

  • of 1/4 million

  • Of course, if we examine the evidence

  • we know we exist

  • so we can get rid of the other row

  • and as many of you who have used the "argument by design" point out

  • a human-made world with God

  • seems much, much more likely rationally and statistically

  • and while this is true in some ways

  • it forgets an important point

  • that we have assumed there are only two major theories

  • but we know this isn't true

  • many societies have believed in multiple gods

  • and given there are some aspects of this life that

  • aren't merely as beautifully complex

  • or seemingly intentional

  • perhaps a variety of squabbling gods

  • created the world

  • Mathematician Jordan Ellenberg uses

  • the probability of 1/400,000

  • that universe with multiple gods would create humans

  • but it's important to remember

  • that the exact numbers don't actually matter

  • What does matter is that we can agree

  • rationally, that a universe with more gods

  • has a higher chance of creating humans

  • then one with a single God

  • or none at all

  • it's also important to remember that

  • we're not comparing the probability

  • of gods or no gods existing

  • we're asking ourselves

  • if the God option is true

  • what is the likelihood of Him making humans?

  • and then we're asking separately

  • if the multiple gods option is true

  • what is the likelihood that they would make humans?

  • now, let's take this even further

  • to theories of us simply living in a simulation

  • like that of the Sims

  • Which individuals like Elon Musk

  • and Oxford philosopher Nick Bostrom believe

  • as technology advances

  • it's almost a certainty that future humans

  • will make extremely realistic human simulations

  • based on the world that we live in

  • to study these humans like we study mice

  • scientists already use simulations

  • to understand nature and human behaviour

  • but in the future it's possible

  • that the human test subjects

  • will be conscious and think they are real

  • so we can give this scenario

  • a fairly high probability

  • again, the exact number doesn't matter

  • just that we can agree it's very likely

  • that advanced humans would create these kinds of simulations

  • compared to the probability of a God or gods

  • randomly deciding to make humans

  • when they don't need to

  • or could make millions of other animals

  • or other aspects of the universe

  • after all, humanity is obsessed with humans

  • so as you can see

  • while maths can, in fact, show that

  • the existence of life is evidence that God exists

  • compared to no God

  • the same maths shows

  • more compiling evidence that we're simulation by much smarter people

  • special thanks to audible for supporting this episode

  • to give you a free 30-day trial at audible.com/asap

  • this week we wanted to recommend the book

  • 'How Not To Be Wrong: The Power of Mathematical Thinking' by Jordan Ellenberg

  • which was the main source of this episode

  • and an incredible read on the hidden beauty and logic of our world

  • through the lens of maths

  • but in a way that is accessible to everyone

  • you can get a free 30-day trial at audible.com/asap

  • and choose from a massive selection

  • we love them as they are great when you're on the go

  • and subscribe for more weekly science videos

The existence of God has been fiercely debated for centuries

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Can Math Prove God's Existence?

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    Summer posted on 2020/12/26
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