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  • A woman is sitting in her apartment watching  TV when she smells something that puts her  

  • off her macaroni and cheese dinner. She  can't quite work out what the smell is,  

  • but the first two things that come to mind are  rotten eggs and rotten cabbage. She's tired,  

  • so she goes to bed, but when she wakes up the  next morning that awful smell is even stronger.  

  • The stink is so bad that she gags. It feels as  if somewhere in the house rats are decaying in  

  • one big heap. Then she notices that the smell  seems to be coming from the apartment next door.  

  • That's enough to make her call the  cops, even though the young guy who  

  • lives next door looks healthy and  nowhere near his expiration date.

  • When the cops enter that apartment, they too gag  when they see the bloated corpse in front of them.

  • Let's now go back in time.

  • The guy that died was named Jack. His  neighbor was right about him regarding  

  • her assumption he was fit and healthyHis downfall was the fact he worked out  

  • too much. Jack had injured himself and  had to take very strong pain medications  

  • following an ambitious attempt to clean  and jerk much more than his own bodyweight.

  • This was Jack's downfall because those medications  brought on severe and chronic constipation.  

  • Jack put up with it as best he could, but over  time his large bowel extended because of such a  

  • large build-up of feces. This led to compression  in his chest cavity and that resulted in him  

  • dying from sudden cardiac arrest. We know this  because a pathologist performed an autopsy on him.

  • We'll get back to the autopsy  soon, but first let's have a  

  • look at Jack's last gasp of air in this world.

  • When Jack's heart failed him, what happened  next was his brain didn't receive the blood  

  • flow it needed to function. He passed  out, and after a few minutes something  

  • calledglobal cerebral ischemiahappenedThat is the term used for when the entire  

  • brain isn't getting any blood flow. Jack  then experienced something called brain  

  • death. He checked out and there was no  coming back. He jerked around a bit,  

  • but that was just the last bit of brain  activity performing its last dance.

  • Now it gets messy.

  • What happened next is Jack's body began the  first phase of its post-death performance.  

  • This is known asprimary flaccidityand it  basically means that all his muscles relaxed.  

  • At this point, his jaw dropped open  by itself. Around the same time that  

  • coffee he'd drunk in the morning  bloomed at the front of his pants  

  • in the form of urine. As for that backed-up  feces he'd never been able to eject,  

  • that left his sphincter and made a big mess on  the couch where he was sitting in his underwear.

  • Jack then started to turn a shade of white, which  is something in the death business they call  

  • pallor mortis.” It's the process of  the blood draining from the veins.  

  • This usually happens at around the 20-minute mark.

  • Next up for Jack was the  stage known asalgor mortis”,  

  • which is when the body starts to cool downThe human body is quite the toasty environment  

  • and usually has a temperature reading of anywhere  from 97°F (36.1°C) to 99°F (37.2°C). When someone  

  • is dead that temperature will drop and level  out at the temperature of the surroundings.  

  • Jack had left his window openso it was chilly in his room.

  • This actually slowed down his composition,  

  • but it also opened a door to insects who  saw Jack as an ideal host for their eggs.

  • What happens around time is blood starts  to pool where it can. With Jack's heart  

  • not pumping blood around his body, it is  gravity that rules blood flow. In Jack's case,  

  • he was sitting so the blood started to pool  at the lower half of his body. This process,  

  • calledlivor mortis”, starts after only about  20 minutes but those purple patches on the  

  • body usually start to form at around the two-hour  mark. They become more pronounced as time goes on.

  • Jack sat like this for a while and then after  about four hours his muscles started to get  

  • very rigid and he started to look pretty damn  scary. This is the part of the process called  

  • rigor mortis”. It's basically due to biochemical  changes in the body. Jack's mouth was all twisted.  

  • He looked like someone who'd died after seeing  a ghost, but it's actually a myth that people  

  • die with expressions of fear on their faces. The  weird, sometimes pained expression, is just the  

  • body going through the rigor mortis process. That  process starts with the eyelids, hence those scary  

  • open eyes you see on dead people, and moves all  the way down the body until it reaches the toes.

  • Jack's body was extremely stiff at the 12-hour  mark, at which point it would have been hard to  

  • move his limbs around. He remained looking likestatue for a good two days, which is quite normal.  

  • After that, his body started decaying some more  and the stiffness gave way to another relaxation  

  • stage known as, “secondary flaccidity.” It's at  this stage that the skin starts to shrink a bit,  

  • and if you'd have seen Jack at this  point you might have thought his  

  • hair and nails were growing. That wasn't  happening, it was just his skin receding.

  • Ok, so Jack's been dead over two days now. He's  pooped his pants. He's relaxed and he's stiffened,  

  • and he's relaxed again. Now  it's time for the massacre,  

  • what some people call the  cannibalization of the body.

  • It depends on the temperature, but in  general, people will start to show the signs  

  • of decomposition after around three days. People  start decomposing pretty much as soon as they die,  

  • but it usually takes a few days for that  decomposition to start making the dead look  

  • very dead. You see, Jack's body used to be  maintained when it was a living organism, but  

  • when Jack died his immune no longer worked and all  the bacteria in his gut and elsewhere were free to  

  • explore his body. You could say that Jack started  eating himself. Proteins started decomposing, and  

  • all that bacteria started to digest his body. This  stage of decomposition just made Jack turn a shade  

  • of green at the beginning, but it soon started to  make him look pretty ugly and smell really bad.

  • After about five days, Jack started to bloat and  blisters formed at various points on his body.  

  • What was happening is he was fermentingand that's because the feeding bacteria was  

  • creating gases in the body. It's generally  what happens when you ferment stuff,  

  • including the human body. It's  why a dead body sometimes emits  

  • a foul stench through its mouthThat gas has got to go somewhere.

  • If you want to know why dead bodies smell so bad  you need to know what gases are emitted from the  

  • corpse. One called "cadaverine" is renowned for  having the malodor of rotten fish. "Putrescine"  

  • also has notes of dead fish. "Skatole" smells like  poo, "hydrogen sulfide" smells like rotten eggs,  

  • "dimethyl disulfide" smells like  acrid garlic mixed with dead fish,  

  • and "methanethiol" has the distinct smell  of rotten cabbage. Altogether this medley  

  • of gases makes dead people not the  best folks to have as housemates.

  • After around 12 days, parts of Jack's body were  turning black and those terrible smells were  

  • worsening. This is about the time that  his neighbor first noticed the stench.  

  • What the cops found at the scene was  what's known as anunattended death”.  

  • These can be viewed as suspicious deaths, so  the first thing law enforcement wanted to know  

  • is if natural causes were  to blame. Only around five  

  • percent of deaths in the U.S. require  an autopsy, and Jack was one of those.

  • The medical examiner received Jack's body along  with notes written by people who'd seen him in his  

  • apartment. The notes said he was sitting on the  couch and that there was nothing at the scene that  

  • suggested foul play or suicide. The pathologist  also had information about Jack's medical history,  

  • so he saw that Jack had been prescribed strong  painkillers. This was a big deal of course.

  • The examiner then got to work, externally  going over the body from head-to-toe to  

  • look for anything that could suggest the cause of  death. There was nothing remarkable to see there,  

  • so the examiner opened Jack up after cutting from  his sternum to his pubic bone. Jack was still a  

  • little bloated, so the examiner had to takestep back when some gas escaped from the body

  • Once he'd cut through the skin, fat, and  muscles, the examiner opened Jack's rib cage.  

  • He actually used a pair of shears to  do this, a tool not unlike ordinary  

  • garden shears. Now that he had the keys to the  kingdom he could start removing Jack's organs.

  • The first removal saw Jack's heartlungs, throat, and tongue go.  

  • Then he took out the stomach, the liverand the pancreas, followed by the bladder,  

  • bowels, and reproductive organs. The tricky  bit can be removing the tongue without causing  

  • a scar that will upset grieving family and  friends, but every medical examiner knows  

  • how to get to the tongue without making  a visible scar someone will later see.

  • So, now Jack's hardly himself at all  as the examiner looks at, weighs,  

  • and slices open various organs. He's pretty  much looking for anything out of the ordinary,  

  • and in Jack's case, it was pretty obvious what had  happened. Once the cause of death was determined,  

  • Jack's organs were put back into his body  and he was sewn up. The reconstruction job  

  • doesn't mean everything goes perfectly back into  place, far from it, but an examiner will put the  

  • organs close to where they came from. In some  cases the organs may be kept for research, or  

  • they might be cremated if the family gives their  consent. All we can say is that Jack got his back.

  • The examiner signed the death certificate and  completed the forms so Jack could be buried

  • It must be said that because Jack had spent  quite a lot of time decomposing on the couch,  

  • he looked pretty rougheven for a corpse. Now we  

  • come to the funeral home where Jack will  spend a bit of time before his big day.

  • The first thing that happened there  was the spa treatment. This consisted  

  • of washing the body and making sure all  his limbs were lying in the right place.  

  • Jack didn't need much limb massaging because  the rigor mortis stage had already passed.  

  • His eyelids were then closed with glue and  his jaw was wired shut. After a little bit  

  • more tinkering with his mouth, he was made  to like as though he was resting in peace.

  • Next up was embalmment, which consisted of  removing Jack's blood and pumping him full of  

  • chemicals to preserve his body. After that, Jack's  abdomen was drained, as was his chest cavity, and  

  • once that happened the embalming chemicals were  pumped in. The last thing was to make Jack look  

  • presentable to those who'd see him in his open  casket, so makeup was used to give him more of  

  • a glow than he had when he went into the funeral  home. His hair was styled, his nasal hair cropped,  

  • and his nails were cut. He was then dressed and  placed in a coffin, ready for the big send-off.

  • Ashes to ashes, dust to dust,”  and Jack was in the ground.

  • What next?

  • The answer is a lot of waiting. If Jack  had just been left to rot above ground in  

  • the open air things would have been differentThere he would have been feasted on by insects  

  • and within a matter of weeks, he would  have very likely become a liquified mess.

  • It's a different story 6-feet underembalmed, and housed in a wooden box.  

  • How a person will decompose depends  on a lot of factors. Those factors  

  • include what kind of coffin someone is sealed inthe environment in which the coffin is placed,  

  • and also on the body of the person that has died.

  • After just a few weeks underground, Jack no longer  had any kind of greenish complexion and instead,  

  • he had a dark brown tint to his skin.

  • That nice suit he wore to his own funeral  was hanging off him after a few months  

  • and once a year had passed there wasn't much of it  left. This doesn't mean the suit was badly made,  

  • but that the suit was being degraded  by the fluids coming out of Jack.

  • Ten years have now passed and Jack is  now on his way to becoming human soup,  

  • which isn't a very good look for him. Things  could have been very different. Some bodies have  

  • been exhumed after many years and they didn't  look too different from when they were buried

  • You just don't know what you are going to get  when you open a coffin that has been dug up.  

  • For instance, if the body is buried in  very dry conditions it could mummify,  

  • which is probably a nice outcome  if you're an exhumer by trade.

  • It might take many years, but there's  no getting away from the fact that one  

  • day we will all become a skeleton  if we're not specially preserved.

  • So, that's the story of unlucky Jackbut it's also partly the story of most  

  • people on this planet. We all have the  same ticket for the same destination,  

  • although none of us know when our bus is due.

  • Now you need to watch this, "What  Happens To Your Body in a Coma?” Or,  

  • learn more about death by watching this,  “What Actually Happens During an Autopsy.”

A woman is sitting in her apartment watching  TV when she smells something that puts her  

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B2 body examiner dead rotten blood death

What Happens to Your Body After You Die?

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/11/15
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