Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles President Dwight D. Eisenhower agrees to help the British overthrow Moussa deck operation Ajax is born. Welcome to watch Mojo. And today we're counting down our picks for the top 10 cu data with tanks moving toward the National Palace. Ah, you and refused to resign, making good on his promise to defend Chile's democracy with his own life. Napoleon had succeeded in his coup within a coup, setting himself up toe ultimately become dictator and all without a single life lost. In his announcement tonight, the commander of Egypt's army said It's time to bring the country together for this list. We're looking at the most well known and impactful takeovers by small state, political and military groups. Our rank is based on how large these coup d'etat loom in history. We're excluding failed coups as well as mass uprisings and revolutions that aren't usually considered coups in a few 100 years. Which of these do you think will be most remembered? We'd love to hear your opinions in the comments. Number 10 The 1980 Turkish coup data in 1983 army intervened after Turkey changed prime ministers 11 times on the country became unstable on July 15th 2016, an attempted coup rocked Turkey with tanks rolling into the country's capital, Istanbul. The cool leaders cited the erosion of secularism and democratic freedoms under President Erdogan. The attempt failed, however, and Erdogan retaliated with a massive crackdown against dissent. By daylight, smoke could be seen on the skyline of the capital, along with the sound of sporadic gunfire. Many of those who challenged President Erdogan for power were seen surrendering in Istanbul. This was far from Turkey's first experience with coups. In the 19 sixties seventies and eighties, the government was overthrown thrice during the most recent overthrow, in 1980 Council of Turkish generals decided to take control as the country spiraled into chaos and violence. They arrested over half a million people and sentenced hundreds to death. The council controlled Turkey until 1982 whereupon coup leader Cane on Evren was elected president. Number 9, 1971 Ugandan Cu data and I want to promise you this will be a government off actions No one. The life of Ugandan general idea mean may have inspired the 2006 film The Last King of Scotland, but it was his military coup in 1971 that first said I mean front and center on the world stage. On January 25th of that year, Ugandan troops led by a mean blocked off airports and major roads in the nation, while President Milton Obote was in Singapore attending a conference nicknamed The Butcher of Uganda. The general provoked international criticism during his reign, including accusations of violence, torture and ruining Uganda's economy after establishing military rule in Uganda. A mean demonstrated, eccentric and ruthless behavior media mean was ousted in 1979 by exiled Ugandans and the Tanzania People's Defense Force and fled to Saudi Arabia, where he remained until his death in 2003. If the people off Uganda wants me, I will go back to Uganda. Andi. I am sure I will contribute more for the people off. Uganda number 8 1952 Cuban CU data This coup may have been bloodless but led to a brutal dictatorship and the Cuban revolution. It was actually Fulgencio Batista's second coup after he led the successful sergeants revolt in 1933. Batista served one term as president in the early forties, then decided to run again in 1952. But the polls didn't look good, so he just seized power instead. During his rule, Batista established a police state and close relationships with organized crime. Nonetheless, he enjoyed strong US support. The coup prompted one Fidel Castro toe lead an armed revolt which in 1959 would hand him control of Cuba's destiny. For over half a century, number 7 1973 Chilean CU data. Even his coups installed military governments throughout South America. In the sixties, Chile clung to democratic rule. For a time, however, President Salvador Allende's socialist policies and nationalization of the copper industry infuriated the US On the advice of National Security adviser Henry Kissinger. The Nixon administration waged economic warfare against Chile and plotted a coup. They decided Thio stop him from being inaugurated as president of Chile. Um, he hadn't even set foot in the Moneda Palace, Uh, when Nixon and Kissinger just simply decided to change the fate of Chile. As the country struggled with an economic depression and inflation, the CIA exacerbated unrest. On September 11th, 1973 General Augusto Pinochet deposed Allende, installing himself as dictator with tanks moving toward the National Palace. Ah, yes, refused to resign, making good on his promise to defend Chile's democracy with his own life. His bloody, decades long reign saw the torture and execution of thousands of political dissidents, with declassified documents revealing that the CIA continued to play a supporting role. Amnesty International says that Chile serves as a reminder that perpetrators of atrocities consistent be held to account decades after the fact Number six, the Spanish coup of July 1936. While this coup became much larger and more drawn out that intended it was ultimately successful, she asked, managing to meet our criteria here. In July 1936 the right wing nationalists staged a coup against the leftist government of the Second Spanish Republic. However, government forces managed to hold out through much of the country, resulting in a three year civil war. In the end, though, thanks to another coup within Republican forces, the Nationalists were victorious and leader Francisco Franco took power. The atrocities that Franco and the Nationalists committed became known as the white terror. Spain would only transition to democracy after Franco's death in 1975 number five, Egypt's 1952 coup data in July 1952 a group of Egyptian nationalists known as the Free Officers Movement seized power from British back to King Farouk, decrying the king is corrupted. Beholden to foreign interests, They abolished the monarchy and made coup leader General Mohamed Naguib. Egypt's prime minister and first president. Naguib himself was overthrown a few years later by free officer Gamel Abdel Nasser. The shift in power led to widespread reforms and eventually to the Suez crisis, when the UK, France and Israel invaded Egypt to regain control of the Suez Canal. It also inspired anti colonial and anti monarchical rebellions throughout the region. And this wasn't the last time Egypt's government was overthrown. In 2013, the Egyptian army removed President Mohamed Morsi, leading to President Abdel Fattah el Sisi s authoritarian regime. In his announcement tonight, the commander of Egypt's army said it's time to bring the country together. Number four, the 1948 Czechoslovak CU data the international tensions that defined the Cold War were just gaining steam by the winter of 1948 in Czechoslovakia, the government comprised a communist prime minister and a non communist majority and president. That wasn't enough for the Communist party, They purged non communist members of the police force and had police and militias take over Prague. Fearing Soviet intervention, President Edvard Benesch agreed to form a new, communist dominated government. The move became known as victorious February and ushered in four decades of communist rule. It was a pivotal event in the drawing of the Iron Curtain across Europe and spurred on the establishment of the Marshall Plan and NATO. It wasn't until the nonviolent Velvet Revolution of 1989 that democracy was restored in that country. Number three, the 1953 Iranian coup data. Iran's history would have taken a very different course without the school. In 1953 the US and UK orchestrated the overthrow of a democratically elected prime minister, Mohammad Mossadeq. US. Referred to the operation is Operation Ajax and the British. As Operation Boot. Wrestling with Britain's control of Iranian oil reserves, Mossadeq decided to nationalize the country's oil industry. Even worse, he nationalizes the profitable Anglo Iranian oil company Damn! The British are livid and withdraw their technicians in protest. The crisis that followed Somoza deck faced increasing pressure and fall back on emergency powers with the help of the CIA, and six. He was ousted by a faction of the Iranian Imperial Army three days later. Mossad Ex surrenders to Iranian police He has tried for treason and placed under house arrest for three years. This eventually led to Shah Reza Pahlavi taking on a larger leadership role which culminated in the Shah's own overthrow by Ayatollah Khomeini during the Iranian revolution of 1979. Number two. The coup of 18 Brumer Ah Committee of five ruling members governed France from 17 95 to 17 99 until it was overthrown by a young military genius known as General Napoleon Bonaparte. Whatever the result is, it will be perfectly legal. The deputies have dissolved directory. In its place, they have created an executive consular commission. This act effectively ended the French Revolution and was committed without bloodshed by Napoleon. On November 9th, 17, 99 or 18 Broom Our Year eight. In the French Republican calendar, Napoleon established a French consulate, serving as first consul until naming himself emperor in 18 04 Napoleon had succeeded in his coup within a coup, setting himself up toe ultimately become dictator and all without a single life, lost he would rule France until 18 14, when he abdicated the throne and was exiled after an unsuccessful military campaign into Russia. Bonaparte would briefly return a year later but was exiled again after his infamous defeat at Waterloo. Before we reveal our topic, here are a few honorable or sometimes dishonorable mentions the October revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Coup. Some call it a coup, others a revolution, but we're squeezing it in for leading to the creation of the Soviet Union. In 1941 Iraqi coup data, this Nazi backed coup ousted the pro British regime and led to the Anglo Iraqi war. 1969 Libyan CU data. After overthrowing King addressed the first colonel Moammar Gaddafi ruled Libya until 2011. The 1979 Salvadoran CU data. This military takeover led to the 12 year long Salvadoran civil war theme 2017 Zimbabwean CU data. Robert Mugabe's long rule ended when the army arrested him and forced him to resign. In the televised address, an army spokesman denied that a coup was underway, saying it was targeting what it called criminals around the world's oldest leader. The spokesman blamed Mugabe's AIDS for causing quote social and economic suffering. Before we continue, be sure to subscribe to our channel and ring the bell to get notified about our latest videos. You have the option to be notified for occasional videos or all of them. If you're on your phone, make sure you go into your settings and switch on notifications. Number one. The Ides of March A Tu brute thes words from Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar have become synonymous with betrayal. Roman General Gaius Julius Caesar seized power in October 49 BC but a coup on the Ides of March in 44 BC cut his rule short. Though his reign lasted only four years, his killers could not turn back the tide of history. Roman senators saw Caesar as disrespectful and overreaching and stabbed him to death at a Senate meeting. The conspirators included Caesar's former friend and possibly biological son, Marcus Brutus. They drove their blades home with blow after blow. Theus assassination plunged Rome into civil war. As Caesar's ally, Marc Anthony and heir, Octavian sought to avenge his death. He was my friend, faithful and just to me. They succeeded, but later turned on each other when all the dust settled. Marc Anthony and his lover, Cleopatra, were dead. Octavian was Rome's first emperor and the Roman Republic was finished. Do you agree with our picks? Check out this other recent clip from Watch Mojo and be sure to subscribe and ring the bell to be notified about our latest videos.