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  • Let's talk about your work in the House of Lords.

  • But first, maybe we have to talk about what is the House of Lords.

  • Because many of our, you know, audience in America might not understand.

  • They probably have seen question time in the House of Commons and they don't know they're in between the House of Commons, the House of Lords.

  • But maybe you could give us a quick, you know, history brief on.

  • I'm not sure I can give you a quick history.

  • Brief House of Lords goes back I mean to almost the original parliaments that they're all made up off the very well to do and the aristocracy.

  • I mean, that's what Parliament was packed full off today.

  • It has obviously mhm the whole process off theme, the spreading, the vote out S o the elected chamber.

  • It now has prominence priority over, uh, the role of the House of Lords, which has become mawr scrutinizing, revising, and amending legislation which gets passed up to it from the Commons.

  • However, I mean, the House of Lords still does have power to reject legislation.

  • Although there is a Salisbury convention which says that we can amend and send back on.

  • If the common sense it back again, then we are in this process of Ping Pong.

  • It's called and in the end we have to give way.

  • But that's only on policies on bills, which are connected to the government's manifesto at the time of the election.

  • So it's worked on the argument that they were elected on these promises on the House of Lords.

  • Shouldn't stand in the way if the government brings a billion, which was not in the manifesto then.

  • Actually, the House of Lords still has the their power to reject it.

  • Andi and the current state of affairs, the House of Lords, has a majority in opposition to the government.

  • So e, that's just telling you the current position.

  • But to get into the House of Lords, you're actually appointed by the queen.

  • In reality, the prime minister gives the queen a list.

  • There has bean vetting and all sorts of other things going on.

  • But you, you, the members of the house, the House of Lords are obvious.

  • Obviously many political people who have theme ministers or members of the Commons or being maybe in local council or even in trade unions.

  • Whatever you have.

  • Medics, medical professors, academics, a lot of legal people, a lot of lawyers, ex judges, etcetera.

  • So there is the age profile is much is much older.

  • I think it's the average age is actually over 70 75 almost.

  • But there is the wisdom there.

  • Andi, it is Ah, place where you can have a reasoned debate that there is a requirement for courtesy.

  • There is a were not allowed to say you.

  • We say the noble Lord has said this or the noble Baroness has said this way.

  • Have these, uh, if you like slightly old fashioned ways of talking to one another, but it maintains a courteous relationship where debate can take place.

  • And I mean, I heard there was a saying whereby basically saying it's better to debate a subject and not to have an agreement than than not to have a conclusion than toe have a conclusion without a debate on.

  • And I think the House of Lords is one of the few places you can have that reason debate.

  • So if you read, Hansard is very different to the debate in the Commons, Yeah, and it shows I mean and again.

  • The House of Commons are elected by the people based on geography throughout the United Kingdom.

  • 650 constituents there on greenhouse Lord 7 97 I think appointed for life and because you have that life appointment, you can.

  • You have that wisdom You can kind of go deeper and really construct policies over time.

  • That mean a lot to you that you can then send to the House of Commons, whereas, and this is maybe a generalization, the House of Commons.

  • People there, they really have to look out for their constituency.

  • They have to help administer that, do what's in the best interest and also worry about elections every 4 to 5 years.

  • And so it's almost like you have more time to doom or important long term work.

  • Absolutely right.

  • I think this is a huge advantage.

  • I mean, when I've you know, when I was advised, you know, the queen was giving me a peerage.

  • I thought, Well, this is very nice and very nice for my wife.

  • She'll be lady, farmer and sort of.

  • But actually, within a day, I suddenly thought I could speak.

  • I could stand up and speak I can talk about families.

  • I can talk about the things which matter to me.

  • And there is that you're absolutely right.

  • They sort of not relax ation.

  • But that comfort that knowing that you're there for as many days as a good lord gives you on this earth, you could You could do your work there even if you're in opposition Leaving your for Europe.

  • You know, a lowly backbencher.

  • You could still stand up and speak.

  • You could still influence.

  • I had a little experience when I came into the House of Lords.

  • You have to do all sorts of ALS sorts of filling forms and all sorts of other things.

  • I was talking to one of the clerks of parliament there filling in forms but personal interests and things like that.

  • And I said, Look, don't really need to worry about me.

  • I'm one of the lowest of below because I'm a backbencher.

  • And he went, Excuse me, my lord, You're one of the people who makes the laws which I have to obey.

  • I thought right You put me in my place, E my Why?

  • Why worship?

  • Why stop my wife?

Let's talk about your work in the House of Lords.

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THE HOUSE OF LORDS: What Is The House Of Lords & How To Become A Member - Lord Michael Farmer

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/10/29
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