Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • On average, Americans spend more than $200 billion on clothing every year.

  • That works out to over $600 annually for every person in the country.

  • But whether we outgrow or outlast the clothes we get, there are some groups looking to outsmart nature when it comes to the fabrics they're made of.

  • Does the future of leather and silk come from collagen and yeast?

  • How we get rid of our old clothes isn't exactly environmentally friendly.

  • According to a 2014 report from the Environmental Protection Agency, 80% of our old clothes and shoes end up in landfills and that cheap polyester it takes way longer decompose than cotton or wool.

  • Her bio fabric company, bolt threads greener materials come from unusual source.

  • Where did the inspiration for this micro silk come from?

  • Mostly years of frustration.

  • A scientists and graduate school spider silk without spiders.

  • So she's not a new idea that's been around for about 50 years, but no one could make it.

  • Spider silk is surprisingly strong.

  • Making it in a factory starts by isolating the proteins that make it so tough they re create them here in these tanks, using yeast and sugar, And how long does the whole process take?

  • This is about a three day process.

  • This hat actually turns out to be about 10% lighter fabric and about 30% warmer.

  • So actually learn this on accident.

  • What we're finding is just a new technology with a massive amount of potential ahead of us.

  • There's a lot of things that are great about it.

  • We don't even understand yet that we learn along the way.

  • While Bolt uses yeast to recreate spider silk at modern meadow, they're using yeast to grow leather.

  • If you think about the basic building blocks of leather, which is college in you and I are made up of collagen, you know leather is made up of collagen, keeps your face, you know, soft and plush and youthful, right.

  • But rather than have to rely on the animal to make that college, and we use the most cutting edge technologies in terms of genetic engineering of yeast way get our yeast to make our college so you're basically trying t o tell the college and mirror yourself after how college or any kind of college and in reality, because we're not limited by any real constraints other than our ability to put the DNA together.

  • They call their bile others.

  • Oh, and is designed to look and feel like leather.

  • But it removes animals from the leather making equation.

  • You can paint with it.

  • You can spray it by being able to work with our materials is a liquid.

  • It opens up entirely new design possibilities and new functionalities.

  • These are all things that couldn't be done with traditional.

  • Leather could not be done with traditional leather.

  • With traditional leather.

  • You have to work around the imperfections.

  • You have to work around the irregular shape and size of the material.

  • It actually has a very long and somewhat problematic supply chain.

  • It takes a huge environmental footprint to make leather were about being able to create materials that allow us to be consumers for the long run bolts.

  • Spider silk hat will set you back.

  • Nearly $200 on Zo A won't come cheap either.

  • The company's planning on partnering first with high end retailers on the reason why we're starting with our partners who are focused on very high end applications, Um is because we want to make it really desirable But that's not to say that this technology would not be competitive on a price basis in the long term.

  • It just has to get the scale because right now leather, a za material, has had, you know, a few 1000 years of advantage.

  • We're just starting out.

  • Could your future closet be full of spider silk and lab grown leather?

  • Maybe, but the high price tag could keep consumers away from these new products despite their eco friendly cred.

On average, Americans spend more than $200 billion on clothing every year.

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 leather silk yeast spider silk spider college

What Are Bio Fabrics?

  • 2 0
    林宜悉 posted on 2020/10/27
Video vocabulary