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  • Hi. I`m Carl Azuz. For CNN STUDENT NEWS. It`s good to see you this Wednesday May 14.

  • We are starting today with a report from the Middle Eastern nation of Syria.

  • It`s a country that`s been divided, and in many places destroyed by civil war.

  • That started three years ago, and the Syrian observatory for human rights says at least 150,000 people have been killed, and that roughly a third of those people are civilians.

  • A week ago, a truce took effect in the city of Homs.

  • This is a strategically important city for both the Syrian government and the rebels fighting it.

  • It`s an ancient city, and it`s a city that`s been under siege in the conflict.

  • The cease-fire is showing signs of falling apart, but it brought at least temporary relief to people who`d seen war at their doorstep.

  • The massive destruction and an old town of Homs shows the whole tragedy of Syria Civil War.

  • But in the middle of this sad scene some are (INAUDIBLE).

  • Zeina Akhras is one of only a handful of civilians who lived through the entire 2.5 years siege of old Hams.

  • I don`t even want to think about it, she says.

  • The last three months were the toughest because we could only eat grass and leaves all the time.

  • The last three months were the toughest because we could only eat grass and leaves all the time.

  • The Syrian Army sealed off Homs after it fell into rebel hands, supplies of food and medicine quickly depleted.

  • Zeina`s brother Aiman was trapped with her the whole time.

  • Zeina`s brother Aiman was trapped with her the whole time.

  • He tried to find food and gather firewood for the little stove in their apartment.

  • I took wood this size and bigger he says.

  • It`s some of the wood rebels broke out of Homs to burn. I only use leftovers.

  • When virtually all their food had run out, they were forced to eat leaves.

  • Aiman says of all places, he found the best ones in a graveyard. He asks me to try them.

  • It`s OK. Everyday?

  • For breakfast, lunch and dinner, he says. And each meal was just a tiny bowlful.

  • What we always have to keep in mind is that the people who are stranded here were not only starving.

  • They were also subject to intense shelling pretty much round the clock that laid waste to large parts of the historic town of Homs.

  • With its use of heavy weapons and the siege of this and other districts in Homs,

  • the Assad regime has been accused of using starvation as a weapon in the civil war.

  • Zeina and Aiman said their apartment was raided by opposition fighters dozens of times,

  • and rebels took most of their few remaining supplies.

  • They took everything, he says. Marmalade, five canisters of olive oil, honey, tea - they didn`t leave anything.

  • After more than two years of hunger, Zeina is week.

  • She weighs only 34 kilos, 68 pounds.

  • These photos from a family celebration show her before the conflict began.

  • Next story takes us to the U.S. state of Texas, a wildfire started burning in a panhandle on Sunday,

  • and strong winds whipped it across the landscape.

  • and strong winds whipped it across the landscape.

  • As of last night, the Texas A&M forest service said the fire was about 65 percent contained,

  • but if it had still destroyed more than 90 homes,

  • dozens of other buildings and forced the evacuations of thousands of people.

  • Wildfires are relatively common in the U.S. On average, the country sees more than 100,000 of them a year.

  • They burned between 4 and 5 million acres,

  • that`s like millions of football fields.

  • And the vast majority of these fires, about 90 percent are caused by people,

  • though officials don`t know yet what caused the one in Texas.

  • Time for the Shoutout. Under what flag did the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria sail?

  • If you think you know it, shout it out! Was it the flag of Italy, Spain, Portugal or Britain? You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • Because Spanish rulers financed Christopher Columbus Transatlantic voyages,

  • his ships sailed under the Spanish flag. That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • The Santa Maria was Christopher Columbus flagship, when he first sailed the ocean blue,

  • it never made it back to Spain, the Santa Maria was wrecked when it ran aground near Haiti on Christmas Day, 1492.

  • So, where`s the wreckage?

  • Barry Clifford, a modern day explorer, thinks he has found it. Lying in a reef about ten to 15 feet deep,

  • Lying in a reef about ten to 15 feet deep, off Haiti`s coast.

  • But this isn`t a newly discovered shipwreck.

  • Clifford and his team dove the site back in 2003.

  • He says at that time, archeologists misidentified a cannon that was part of the wreckage.

  • After doing some research, Clifford realized that this wreck could be the big one.

  • There`s a problem, though. The cannon has been looted since Clifford explored it.

  • So, in order to determine if this is the Santa Maria archeologists will have to excavate the wreckage.

  • Clifford`s planning a trip back to Haiti to figure out the next steps.

  • Before Kyle White received the Medal of Honor he said that from what he`d heard, it was heavy,

  • that when it`s put around your neck, you feel the weight of it, what it all costs.

  • The former U.S. Army Sergeant found out what that`s like yesterday.

  • It was for his heroism in November of 2007, when he was 20 years old,

  • and a long way from his home in Seattle, Washington.

  • The platoon radio telephone operator says he`s changed since then.

  • He`s left the Army.

  • But his service earned him the nation`s highest military decoration.

  • For radio telephone operator Kyle White and a soldiers of Chosen Company Second Battalion Airborne,

  • the mission to meet with village elders in the mountains of north eastern Afghanistan had red flags from the very start.

  • They suspected the villagers are (Inaudible) with the enemy.

  • A lot of us - we had that, you know, just - you know, I got feeling right before we left that it`s just something - something wasn`t right.

  • More alarms, it seemed like every male of fighting age and above was at the meeting,

  • radio communications were coming in a language the interpreter didn`t understand.

  • And then when they left the shooting started.

  • One, and then, two shots.

  • And then the echo and then just fully automatic fire and rocket propelled grenades coming in from - it seemed like everywhere.

  • White was knocked unconscious.

  • When he woke up, ten of the 14 Americans in his unit were nowhere to be found.

  • Among those White could see was Marine Sergeant Philip Bocks, by now severely wounded.

  • White repeatedly braved enemy fire to drag Bocks to safety.

  • Bocks later died, along with five other Americans.

  • The medal of honor is being awarded to White for what he did to try to save his comrades and get them out of there,

  • though he says he never expected to make it home himself.

  • I told myself from the beginning of that ambush that I was going to be killed.

  • You know, just the amount of fire, I just - I`m not going to make it through this.

  • But he did, along with Specialist Kain Schilling of Iowa who says he owes his life to White.

  • I was probably more excited for it than he was, just because it shows - you know, he absolutely saved my life that day and many others.

  • Those who survived wear wristbands bearing the names of those who did not.

  • White sees the Medal of Honor as a tribute to them.

  • To me, the heroes are those who lost their lives that day.

  • Because they gave their lives in defense of all of us, and all of America.

  • On the Potomac River across from Washington, D.C.,

  • Arlington National Cemetery is the resting place of more than 400,000 people.

  • It was 150 years ago. That Arlington was first used as a military burial ground.

  • An Army Private, who enlisted to fight in the Civil War was laid to rest there on May 13, 1864.

  • Arlington was established as a national cemetery a month later.

  • And today, it`s where you`ll find the graves of presidents, astronauts, war heroes,

  • including men and women who`ve served in every branch of the U.S. military.

  • Arlington is still active. There are thousands of funerals held there every year.

  • And there are plans to expand the site to ensure its availability for decades to come.

  • It`s World Wide Wednesday on CNN`S STUDENT NEWS Roll Call.

  • What does that mean? It means we are going to places like Kaisersrlautern, Germany.

  • We are happy to be part of your day at Kaisersrlautern Middle School.

  • Next, we are traveling across the Atlantic to Canada. At the Saint (INAUDIBLE) School.

  • Thank you for watching in Calgary, Alberta.

  • And now across the Pacific to Japan.

  • At the Muroran Institute of Technology, we are glad you are watching in Muroran, Hokkaido.

  • Edna Lamping never made it to her high school prom.

  • Her family was strict and didn`t let her go.

  • But more than 70 years later, she and her husband were the VIPs at this year`s prom for Montura High School in Pennsylvania.

  • Edna`s husband who`s one year older at age 92,

  • says he had the best looking girl there and they showed everyone how to dance - or at least how they danced.

  • I love this season. It reminds me the proms I went to.

  • I`m glad there are no pictures of me lying around anywhere, because that will be pretty embarrassing.

  • Especially considering the size of my hair and the way I just hand it up for the camera.

  • Well, that`s just so you can picture it.

  • I went to junior and senior proms, had perfect attendance.

  • It was a chance to step up, step out and step on my date`s feet.

  • One thing we can promise, there are always puns a foot on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • I`m Carl Azuz, hope to see you tomorrow.

Hi. I`m Carl Azuz. For CNN STUDENT NEWS. It`s good to see you this Wednesday May 14.

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May 14 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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