B1 Intermediate US 3 Folder Collection
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THE EUROPEAN UNION IS THINKING OF WAYS TO REGULATE THE
EMERGENCE OF ROBOTS AND ROBOTS THAT MAY HAVE ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE.
THIS IS A PREEMPTIVE STRIKE ON SOME OF THE DOWNSIDES OF
SUCH TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES AND I THINK IT IS INTERESTING
BECAUSE THEY'VE THOUGHT ABOUT EVERYTHING FROM MAKING SURE
THAT THERE IS INSURANCE IN PLACE IF THESE ROBOTS CAUSE ANY
DAMAGE TO HAVING CERTAIN KILL SWITCHES IN PLACE IN CASE
THESE ROBOTS TURN AGAINST US, IT IS KIND OF AMAZING.
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT HAS URGED THE DRAFTING OF A SET
OF REGULATIONS TO GOVERN AND USE, I'M SORRY TO GOVERN
THE USE AND CREATION OF ROBOTS AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
INCLUDING A FORM OF ELECTRONIC PERSONHOOD TO ENSURE RIGHTS
AND RESPONSIBILITIES FOR THE MOST CAPABLE A.I.
THAT LAST PART SEEMS KIND OF WEIRD, BUT WHAT IT IS REALLY
ABOUT HAS TO DO WITH TAXES BECAUSE THINK ABOUT HOW A
LOT OF EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WORK.
THEY HAVE A ROBUST SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM IN PLACE
AND IN ORDER TO FUND AND ALLOW THAT TYPE OF SYSTEM TO
THRIVE, YOU NEED TO MAKE SURE THAT EMPLOYEES PAY TAXES.
IF YOU ARE EMPLOYING ROBOTS TO DO THE JOBS THAT HUMANS USE
TO DO, THEN THESE PROGRAMS ARE NOT GOING TO HAVE THE FUNDS
NECESSARY TO MOVE FORWARD AND SO THEY ARE TRYING TO THINK OF
WAYS TO SEE IF IT MAKES SENSE FOR EMPLOYERS TO PAY A
CERTAIN TAX THAT WOULD COVER THOSE LOSSES.
LET ME GIVE YOU MORE DETAILS.
ONE PERSON WRITES, WHAT WE NEED NOW IS TO CREATE A LEGAL
FRAMEWORK FOR THE ROBOTS THAT ARE CURRENTLY ON THE MARKET OR
WILL BECOME AVAILABLE OVER THE NEXT 10 TO 15 YEARS.
THAT IS FROM A MEP FROM LUXEMBOURG.
ALSO THE CREATION OF A EUROPEAN AGENCY FOR ROBOTICS AND
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT HAS BEEN
PROPOSED.
HERE ARE MORE THINGS THAT HAVE BEEN PROPOSED: AN
ADVISORY CODE OF CONDUCT FOR ROBOTICS ENGINEERS AIMED AT
GUIDING THE ETHICAL DESIGN, PRODUCTION AND USE OF ROBOTS.
A NEW REPORTING STRUCTURE FOR COMPANIES REQUIRING THEM TO
REPORT THE CONTRIBUTION OF ROBOTICS AND ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE TO THE ECONOMIC RESULTS OF THE COMPANY FOR
THE PURPOSE OF TAXATION AND SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS.
THERE IS MORE BUT THOSE ARE THE ONES THAT REALLY STOOD OUT.
SO EMPLOYERS WHO ELIMINATE THEIR ENTIRE WORKFORCE WOULD
HAVE TO PAY SOME OF THE BENEFITS THAT THEIR EMPLOYEES
WOULD'VE PAID HAD THEY KEPT THEM.
GREAT, MAKE A LITTLE LESS MONEY.
GOOD, THEY ARE BEING PROACTIVE.
I DON'T KNOW A LOT
ABOUT THIS, BUT I KNOW I SAW ALL 10 EPISODES OF WESTWORLD AND
THIS CAN GO VERY WRONG.
I THINK THEY SHOULD BE AWARE OF THAT.
THEIR APPROACH IS SO MUCH BETTER THAN THE APPROACH IN
THE UNITED STATES BECAUSE HERE WE JUST KIND OF ALLOWED THE
TECHNOLOGY TO ADVANCE WITHOUT THINKING ABOUT SOME OF
THE DOWNSIDES OR RAMIFICATIONS AND THEN WE ARE LIKE, MAYBE
WE SHOULD REGULATE THAT.
KIND OF LIKE WITH THE INTERNET AND THINGS LIKE THE
GOVERNMENT SPYING ON US USING EMAILS OR PHONE CALLS AND
THINGS LIKE THAT.
LAWS THAT WE ALREADY HAD WEREN'T UP TO DATE TO DEAL WITH
THAT KIND OF SPYING, SO THIS IS KIND OF INTERESTING TALK.
I THINK THIS IS REALLY COOL BECAUSE YOU ARE SEEING EUROPE
TAKE A VERY PROACTIVE BUT ALSO CAUTIOUS APPROACH TO ARTIFICIAL
INTELLIGENCE AND ROBOTICS AND I THINK SOMETHING I THOUGHT WAS
INTERESTING WAS ALL THE DESIGNERS, PRODUCERS, AND
OPERATORS SHOULD GENERALLY BE GOVERNED BY THE THREE LAWS OF
ROBOTICS AND THAT IS FROM THE SCIENCE FICTION WRITER ISSAC
ASIMOV.
BASICALLY, THESE LAWS ARE LIKE THAT ROBOTS
SHOULD NOT BE ABLE TO KILL HUMANS, THEY SHOULDN'T LOOK LIKE HUMANS,
AND THEY HAVE THESE LAWS IN PLACE SO THAT, THEY SAY 10 TO
15, I AM GOING TO BE INTERESTED IN FIVE YEARS FROM NOW, I
THINK THIS POLICY THAT THEY ARE PUTTING FORWARD WILL LOOK
ANTIQUATED BECAUSE I THINK ROBOTS ARE ADVANCING SO FAST.
THERE WAS JUST THE NORTH AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL AUTO
SHOW THAT WENT OM AND ONE OF THE MAJOR THINGS THAT PEOPLE
WERE TALKING ABOUT WAS SELF DRIVING CARS.
I WAS THINKING WESTWORLD, BUT TO A LESSER DEGREE, WE ARE ALREADY
SEEING ROBOTS THAT NEED TO BE INSURED AND HAVE SOME SORT OF
LEGAL PROTECTION.
AND RESPONSIBILITY.
CERTAINLY A LEGAL DEFINITION.
THE SELF DRIVING CARS, THAT IS AMAZING.
I WOULD SAY THEY WANT TO HAVE THEM OUT ON THE ROAD IN 2020.
YEAH, IN FOUR YEARS.
IT SEEMS INCONCEIVABLE TO ME THAT I COULD GET BEHIND
THAT BUT I GUESS PEOPLE COMING BEHIND ME WILL GET BEHIND
IT AND THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO DON'T LIKE TO DRIVE.
THE THOUGHT OF GIVING UP THAT CONTROL, BUT THAT IS A
DIFFERENT STORY.
YOU SEE ASHLEY MORGAN, THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FROM
OSBORNE CLARK SAYS THE PROPOSALS WILL BE CONTROVERSIAL.
ONE COULD ARGUE THAT THE LAW WOULD GRANT HUMAN RIGHTS TO
ROBOTS AND IT IS NOT GOING IN GO DOWN EASY WITH COMPANIES
CREATING ROBOTS OF THEIR OWN.
THERE'S GOING TO BE TREMENDOUS PUSHBACK
FROM THE COMPANIES THAT ARE DOING THAT, THE VERY PEOPLE THAT
ARE BRINGING US ROBOTS.
MY IDEA IS THE WHOLE ISSUE OF PERSONHOOD HAS MORE TO
DO WITH THE LOSS OF FUNDING THAT CERTAIN PROGRAMS ARE GOING
TO EXPERIENCE IN EUROPE, BUT WHO KNOWS?
IN THE U.S., CORPORATIONS ARE CONSIDERED HUMANS.
THEY ARE CONSIDERED PEOPLE THAT HAVE FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS
SO WHO KNOWS HOW IT IS GOING TO PLAY OUT IN EUROPE.
I WANTED TO MENTION ONE OTHER THING THOUGH, THIS IS
SOMETHING I DISAGREED WITH.
ONE OF THE PROPOSALS WAS IF THERE IS A HUMANOID ROBOT
WITH GREAT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, VERY EFFECTIVE,
ADVANCED, THEY WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT THESE ROBOTS ARE
NOT TOO HUMAN AND IT IS VERY OBVIOUS THAT THEY ARE ROBOTS
SO ACTUAL HUMANS DON'T HAVE AN EMOTIONAL ATTACHMENT TO THEM.
IMPOSSIBLE, THEY CAN'T STOP THAT.
IT IS GOING TO HAPPEN.
I THINK THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE OUT THERE WHO COULD
BENEFIT, EVEN IF IT IS AN EMOTIONAL ATTACHMENT TO A
ROBOT, I THINK THERE IS A BENEFIT.
IF SOMEONE IS LONELY
AND THEY FOUND LOVE WITH A ROBOT, WHY IS IT OUR BUSINESS?
WATCH HER.
JOAQUIN PHOENIX.
HER WAS GREAT.
A DISEMBODIED VOICE.
ALL THE PROPAGANDA THAT IS ALWAYS TELLING WOMEN THAT IF
YOU ARE OVER 30, SPECIFICALLY A WOMAN OF COLOR YOU ARE PROBABLY
NOT GOING TO BE MARRIED OR FIND A MATE, GET YOU A ROBOT, GIRL.
IT GOES BOTH WAYS.
WE'RE NOT EVEN TALKING, I AM NOT TALKING TO BE TRYING TO
BE CRASS, BUT THE SEX IS GOING TO BE -
AMAZING.
I WASN'T GOING TO GO WITH THAT.
SEX MACHINES ALL THE TIME IS GOING TO BE AMAZING.
YOU IMAGINE, JUST LIKE THE VIRTUAL-REALITY WORLD THAT IS
GOING TO BE DRIVEN IN LARGE PART BY THE SEX INDUSTRY THAT I
PRESUME THIS WILL TOO.
THIS WOMAN HAD A GREAT QUOTE, IF
I CREATE A ROBOT AND THAT ROBOT CREATES SOMETHING THAT COULD
BE PATENTED, DO I OWN THE PATENT OR DOES THE ROBOT?
WE'RE GOING TO GET TO A POINT WHERE ROBOTS ARE GOING TO
BE MAKING A TON OF THESE DECISIONS, KIND OF.
WE CAN ARGUE
THAT THEY ARE AUTONOMOUS DECISIONS OR NOT BUT THE
CONVERSATION, AT LEAST EUROPE IS STARTING IT.
WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN TO THESE PROPERTIES AND WHO IS
RESPONSIBLE, WHO IS LIABLE IN THE CASE OF, THERE WAS A 300
POUND SECURITY ROBOT THAT RAN OVER THE KID IN CALIFORNIA
THAT HAPPENED OVER THE SUMMER, THERE WAS A DISCUSSION
ABOUT WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE THOUGH OBVIOUSLY THIS IS A
LESS ADVANCED ROBOT THAN WE'RE TALKING ABOUT THAN IN
THE FUTURE, BUT WAS IT THE ROBOTS FAULT?
IT MIGHT GET TO A POINT WHERE YOU CAN BLAME A ROBOT BECAUSE
IF THEY HAVE ENOUGH ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE THERE COULD BE AN
ARGUMENT MADE WHERE SOMEONE SAID THE ROBOT SHOULD HAVE KNOWN BETTER.
I CAN'T WAIT TO SEE HOW THIS PLAYS OUT.
I HOPE I AM ALIVE.
I WANT THEM TO START BLAMING THEM FOR ALL THE CRIMES LIKE
THEY DO MEN OF COLOR AND THEN THERE WILL BE ROBOT PRISON.
THAT'S WHY THEY HAVE THE KILL SWITCH.
WE'RE NOT EVEN ENTERTAINING THE IDEA OF PRISON.
WE'RE JUST GOING TO KILL THEM.
I LOVE WHAT IT SAYS, YOU MUST REMEMBER THAT THE ROBOT
DOES NOT LOVE YOU.
THE ROBOT DOESN'T LOVE YOU.
IT'S KIND OF SAD.
I DON'T KNOW, IT MAKES ME SAD.
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Governments Passing Laws For Robots

3 Folder Collection
Takaaki Inoue published on June 5, 2020
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