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  • Now I asked you guys, the Nicaraguan Geograpeeps:

  • If Central America was a family, what member would Nicaragua be?

  • And more or less, it kind of goes like this:

  • Costa Rica: Oh jolly good show, Panama old chap.

  • Panama: Hmm. Yes indeed. It is of utmost excellence.

  • Guatemala & Honduras: AY YAY YEAH WOOOOOO!!!

  • El Salvador: All these fakes motherf*ckers sh*ts...

  • Nicaragua: ********

  • A little exaggerated but ehh, come on it's kind of true.

  • Everybody, I'm your host Barbs, and we are back in Central America.

  • Now in the words of Nicaraguan Geograpeep Luis,

  • "I love my country, but I kind of have to admit.

  • It's kind of like the "New Jersey of Central America".

  • Like everyone knows that a Nicaraguan can cuss you out...

  • But once you befriend them, you are part of a tight loving family...

  • a family that cusses each other out."

  • Hey! Honest uptight confrontation beats false delusional sense of complacency any day.

  • We're getting ahead of ourselves though.

  • Let's talk about the technical stuff first.

  • Here's the mappy, segment... thing, we do it in every episode.

  • You know what I'm talking about.

  • [♪ Political Geography ♪]

  • Nicaragua, named after the Nicarao tribe and

  • Agua, the Spanish word for water referring to the two major lakes found within this country.

  • First of all, the country is located in Central America, a bicoastal nation with coasts on both the Pacific and Caribbean Sea.

  • They are located just below Honduras and above Costa Rica

  • and with Costa Rica,

  • they really did not want them to get even the slightest touch of Lake Nicaragua,

  • at its narrowest point,the corridor is less than 2 miles wide from the border.

  • And not only that but it gets even weirder with Costa Rica along the border with the Caribbean.

  • They take some strange twists, cut through a peninsula, claimed the entire Portillos Lagoon completely enclaved by Costa Rica.

  • Anyway, the country is divided into 15 departments, 2 autonomous regions

  • with the capital and largest city Managua, located right under Lake Managua or Xolotlan

  • and it contains the country's largest airport, Managua's Augusto Cesar Sandino International.

  • The second and third largest cities are León and Masaya.

  • The majority of the country at about 89% lives along the southwestern portion of the country.

  • Here, most major roads and avenues of transport lie.

  • Otherwise, only one main highway, number 5 connects to the Eastern Caribbean coast and it ends in Puerto Cabezas.

  • And in the southwest, the Port of Corinto is the largest seaport that handles most shipments.

  • Most of Nicaragua's west side has an uninterrupted coast, whereas the east side has all the main offshore islands.

  • The largest ones being the Cayos Miskitos Biological Rreserve and the Corn Islands.

  • See these guys that are nicely close to Nicaragua?

  • Nope, they belong to Colombia for some reason.

  • Otherwise, the country has a few territorial disputes:

  • You have the Bajo Nuevo and Seranilla Banks, Jamaica and the US.

  • And back to the border with Costa Rica,

  • This entire island called Isla Calero is disputed and it has a crazy story behind it.

  • Look it up.

  • Interestingly enough though, like Costa Rica, Nicaragua address system is ridiculously confusing.

  • They don't have street names or postal codes.

  • So in order to find a place or send mail,

  • they go by direction and distance from landmarks.

  • And half of the time the landmarks don't even exist anymore

  • so they have to write "where the landmark used to be". It's like:

  • Hey, I want to write you a letter. What's your address?

  • Oh, it's simple

  • you know just write down the west barrio of the city of Managua the third floor unit in the light blue apartment three and a

  • half blocks down from the statue of the soldier with the hat by the lake

  • but not the soldier with the hat and the gun there's a lemon tree across from us with an old lady that sells lemonade with

  • the lemons that she stole from the lemon tree

  • but not the old lady selling lemonade and condoms like ten varas away from her just the left. What's a vara?

  • Oh, it's ~84 centimeters. Roughly. Yeah, it's a unit of measurement. We use here in Nicaragua as well

  • Okay, maybe not that extreme

  • But yeah, it might be hard for non locals to know exactly where things are when they arrive. Let's see

  • What else do we have? The country used to have a rail network, but it was kind of suspended in 2001

  • Ah, there was a point in time when multiple countries like the USA and China were like hey

  • Let's try to do the same thing Panem

  • I did and build the second canal from coast to coast but then Nicaragua was like no, it's gonna destroy too much

  • rainforests and everyone hates that idea

  • Anyway, if you decide to visit some places of interest might include the National Museum

  • The lay owned ruins and lyon cathedral the beautiful historic city of granada. The messiah crafts market the cliff carvings of LT

  • Say the revolution museum so many cigar factories that offer tours soffit era island monoliths

  • apoyo lagoon matagalpa

  • chocolate factory and tour this cool chocolate spa where you can get a chocolate massage a casita volcano memorial the San Jacinto mud pools

  • still communities a chaos mosquitoes beautiful city of Esteli and its waterfalls and one of the top attractions you can actually

  • sandboard down cerro negro the youngest volcano in Central America and that

  • The thing if there's one iconic symbol that summarizes the power of Nicaragua it would be the volcano and there's quite a few of them

  • That we can talk about in this next section

  • Central America is known for many things the vibrant traditions the confusing politics

  • And of course the landscape the country may have some tent stuff going on and we won't gloss over it

  • But for now, let's just kind of enjoy the natural view

  • first of all

  • The country is located on the eastern part of the Ring of Fire right at the convergence of the North American plate and the Cocos

  • Plate were the middle American trench off the coast lies

  • This is essentially what gives Nicaragua its

  • volcanic belt about 19 of which are active mostly dotting the coast on the southwest side the largest one being San

  • Cristobal just a skip away you find the largest lakes Lake Managua or Lake Chelan and a big one Lake Nicaragua or

  • Casablanca it is the largest lake not only in Nicaragua

  • but all of Central America volcanoes dot each one of these lakes you have Appa Yakka and Momo Tom

  • Beaufort Managua and the most famous landmark almost a pea island made of two volcanoes

  • Concepción and maderas in the middle of Lake Nicaragua all of which are active to some degree

  • The weird thing is even though the lake is less than 10 miles from the coast

  • It actually drains into the Caribbean via the San Juan River that creates part of the border with Costa Rica

  • Nonetheless the Cocos River up north on the border with Honduras is the longest river of the country

  • However, the Rio Grande de matagalpa is the longest completely within the country

  • The country is divided into three physical regions the Pacific lowland where the volcanic cool stuff is in the north central highlands where the tallest

  • Peak Mobile tone lies and the Caribbean lowlands which are made up of primarily dense rainforest on the Caribbean coast

  • You have swampy wetlands that receive the most rainfall out of anywhere else in the country at over 250 inches

  • There's so much more we could talk about like how the masaya volcano has a constant bubbling lava pit

  • So motel Canyon is cool Lake Managua has a bit of a pollution problem

  • But we'll save some of that for fan Friday in the meantime

  • This is the part where I take a triple shot of espresso and Noah fills in

  • The things you see on youtube and nicaragua's land is lush and rich

  • But the sad reality is these resources don't exactly quite reflect the fragile state of their economic output

  • They ranked as the second poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere after Haiti in terms of nominal GDP and GDP per capita around

  • 40% of people live off less than a dollar a day and about 15% of GDP is

  • Subsisted by remittance money and sent from family member abroad they are currently members of the IMF's heavily indebted poor countries

  • Initiative that assists an international relief this is due to a number of factors

  • We will discuss later but essentially nicaragua's economy is kind of like this. Oh, we're doing great. We're doing great. Okay

  • Well, that wasn't too bad. Hey, we're doing great again

  • Okay, well stuff like that happens all the time. Nothing could possibly go wrong this time

  • Hey, by the way, uh, this is uh, Duncan from curly kid life follow him and Instagram. Say hi. Oh, yeah

  • They're also the nation with the lowest percentage of electricity generation in Central America

  • Many private home was a pen on oil for generators

  • Which also led to an energy crisis in?

  • 2006 interestingly enough the energy they do produce in the private sector is pretty clean

  • The world Energy Council was recently ranked Nicaragua as the country with the highest

  • geothermal energy

  • potential as over ten percent of their energy has already generated through heat from the volcanoes with potential for more wildlife is abundant here of

  • Course you have hundreds of different mammals such as primates bats felines like the Jaguar hundreds of different birds

  • Including the national bird the turquoise brown motmot. Otherwise, it's time to end this segment

  • Like we always do food. Some dishes might include things like Matunga kco Indio Viejo

  • Rondon tanto con. Yoga. Naka Tom Oh Ajo. Supa de mon

  • Dango, you know leo drink and almost all you mentioned bigger owned and Gayo pinto classic dishes

  • alright so that does it for the land now, there's just one piece left missing to this puzzle the people

  • Thank you know follow him on instagram you got it

  • Now we've discussed some of the nicknames of other previous Central American states. Costa. Ricans are Tico's Salvadorans are guanacos

  • Guatemalans are chopped beans Hondurans our cutthroat Jose and the cog wins our penal arrows

  • Yeah, and Nicaraguans love being Nicaraguan. In fact, they have a saying so I pour open Alero Nicaraguan

  • Say por Gracia de dios, or I am totally penal arrow Nicaraguan by the grace of God

  • first of all

  • The country has about 6.2 million people today and due to diaspora about one out of every six

  • Nicaraguans in the world lives either in the USA or Costa Rica the country is primarily made up of mestizos at around 69 percent

  • whereas the white population

  • Mostly with Spanish heritage makes of about 17 percent the black community makes about 9 percent and the remainder are mostly made up of various

  • Indigenous Amerind groups they use the Cordoba as their currency

  • They use the American type a plug outlet and they drive on the right side of the road now

  • You've probably gathered from the graph that

  • Nicaragua is pretty diverse much of it is due to their history of colonization and various powers getting

  • Involved everything from Christopher Columbus to French pirates to this crazy American dude for one

  • Nicaragua has the largest community of people of African descent in Central America most of whom live on the East Caribbean coast

  • especially in the town of blue fields as

  • mentioned in the Honduras episode the majority were actually brought over by the British back when they had colonized what back then was called the

  • Mosquito Coast named after the Mosquito tribe that lived there and today the Garifuna community

  • Lives on today the majority of them actually speak English or English Creole as their first language and they have a similar dialect Jamaican

  • Otherwise, they're around 20 men indigenous communities found within Nicaragua

  • Most of whom are related to the larger Aztec and Maya peoples that historically inhabited the Mesoamerican subcontinent like the Rama

  • Mosquito and sumo tribes now, of course Spanish is the official language

  • however

  • Nicaraguans are known for having their own distinct way of talking and slang here are some of you guys the geography is explaining first of

  • All we do not pronounce the letter S at the end of words

  • for example, when we say number two in Spanish we say though instead of

  • Using

  • An example and growing up. We have a lot of slang word used Ronnie and Catina

  • mahi, Nightfire

  • so La Motta sauce maker own systems occurs a lot in all the things that they say one of their most famous ones is

  • Course and I guess everything that the matter is the phrase that can be heard as their battle cry for all the protests

  • Google, it look it up get informed about the unrest going on in you get out. Thank you

  • They're very passionate and despite being the second poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. It's totally safe to travel and visit