Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • everybody.

  • So this week is going to be a filler.

  • So as you guys know, soon we are going to reach the end off the alphabet of the U.

  • N.

  • Countries.

  • Six years I've been doing this channel, I'm still not done anyway.

  • As you know, some of the country's at the end of the alphabet of U.

  • N countries are in the smallest continental region on Earth, both in population and in land size.

  • I'm talking about Oh, she Annie, I've heard it pronounced other ways Oceania, Oceania.

  • But the one I've heard the most is oceanic, so I'm gonna call it that in certain areas of the world, you will learn that there are seven continents.

  • Some areas teach that there are only six continents.

  • But the point being is that nobody really knows exactly what the label this whole area Oceania is.

  • The word used to generally encompass everything that's not Asia.

  • But it's in the Pacific as well as Australia and New Zealand.

  • Some people consider all of it a continent.

  • Some people just consider Australasia a continent.

  • It depends on who you ask.

  • If you ask me, I just kind of competent altogether.

  • But again, It depends on who you ask.

  • Anyway, today's video is Oceanic explained, and before we get into it, there's been sponsored by Sutera.

  • You guys know that I'm very strict on who I choose to promote on this channel.

  • And Sutera obviously makes a lot of sense because they are a geography learning website.

  • You can play geography games on their website.

  • Really fun stuff.

  • Totally recommend it.

  • Check out Sotero.

  • Thank you Sutera own while I'm at it.

  • Don't forget to get your job if you now T shirts.

  • Geography Now Jim Sachs and judge, If you know coffee mugs, geography now dot com Bubble.

  • You heard this spiel before.

  • It's my merch.

  • I can promote it anyway.

  • Oh, she Ania.

  • The entire population off all of Oceania is only about 43 ish 1,000,000 people.

  • As of 2020 it spans the Eastern and Western Hemisphere's crossing over the international date line.

  • The boundaries are very blurred.

  • A lot of people don't exactly even know what even classifies.

  • But the furthest islands that people might claim would be the Northern Mariana Islands.

  • For the Northwest.

  • Some might extend it to the boning islands of Japan, Hawaii in the northeast, but some my extended to Clipper Tin Island, Easter Island in the south east, although some might extend to the Juan Fernandez Islands and New Zealand in the south.

  • But some extended to Makary Island, just below which belongs to Australia in Oshi and you have four subregions that divide up the islands both culturally and geographically.

  • They are Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia, although of course there are no actual demarcated lines in the ocean.

  • Generally, the ocean boundaries kind of look like a pair of lips kissing a triangle, and we will cover these four regions now Australasia, the biggest one, made up of pretty much almost everything that belongs to Australia and New Zealand.

  • Keep in mind the Cocos and killing and Christmas Island territories are in the Indian Ocean, not the Pacific.

  • But their classification depends on homes.

  • You ask me.

  • Obviously, Australia is the largest, most populated one with about half of the entire population of Oceania.

  • Australia is the only land mass that is able to harbor extensive desert zones and desert flora and fauna.

  • As the biggest economy and trading partner and social influencer, they're essentially kind of like the factory that keeps things going on with all the other nations in the Pacific.

  • Without Australia, it's a strong case to argue that many of the other Pacific islands would struggle to maintain their growing development needs.

  • And it's confusing because New Zealand is kind of the only land mass that is both part of Australasia and Polynesia.

  • As the native Moultrie, people of New Zealand are considered the southernmost Polynesians in the world.

  • But for what it's worth, Australia and New Zealand there the powerhouses of Oshi.

  • Anya, there's not too much I could say that you guys don't already know.

  • I mean Australian New Zealand culture.

  • I kind of see Aussies and Kiwis is just like the's joyfully intrepid, adventurous people.

  • You gotta love the audience.

  • And Kiwis in Australia is kind of like the girlfriend that the U.

  • S.

  • Cheats on Canada with Canada also kind of secretly cheats on the US with New Zealand.

  • So it's kind of like we're stuck in this love square anyway.

  • Jumping off of New Zealand Polynesia, Polynesia has the largest ocean territory in the Pacific, and the entirety of the population is only around 6 to 6.5 ish 1,000,000 people, depending on who you include, that of all the native peoples of oceanic Polynesians kind of get like the most attention in media and every nose, like the hula luau.

  • How's the haka dance?

  • Tribal tattoos, the Easter Island statues?

  • Those are all kind of like distinct Polynesian call traits.

  • Whenever there's like a movie or a TV show featuring an Islander, it's almost always exclusively a pollination.

  • In Polynesia, you have the core island groups off the sovereign nations of New Zealand, Salma Tonga and Tuvalu.

  • Hawaii, which is a state of the U.

  • S.

  • And American.

  • Some all, which is a U.

  • S territory.

  • The New Zealand Free Association states of the Cook Islands New Way and Took allow Easter Island, which is a special territory of Chile, all of French Polynesia, which is an overseas territory of France, as well as Wallis and Futuna, which is classified as a collectivity of France.

  • There's also Norfolk Island, which is an external territory of Australia, the Pitcairn Islands, which are British overseas territories and finally wrote UMA, which actually belongs to the Melanesian nation of Fiji but is geographically and culturally classified as falling under Polynesian.

  • There's also a bunch of disputed areas like the Line Islands of Kidder Bus are kind of classified as Polynesian, and now Roux is kind of a disputed one because their culture is kind of mixed between Micronesian and Polynesian.

  • It's weird, but basically what you got to know is that in the Pacific there is the Polynesian Triangle.

  • It starts in New Zealand, goes up to Hawaii, ends in Easter Island and just makes a triangle.

  • I would kind of argue that Polynesians are probably some of the most adventurous and trumpet spirited people on earth because their ancestors literally have to cross the Pacific with minimal seafaring technology.

  • The Polynesians also took claim to their territory very seriously, as having land in the middle of the ocean was seen as very important.

  • The bigger the land of the better.

  • But the issue is.

  • A lot of the islands were just very far apart from each other.

  • That's why their culture kind of developed a lot of big, strong warrior types of people.

  • They really wanted to defend their islands.

  • I mean, if you had a tropical paradise, you probably want to defend it to families and cousins would split off And that's kind of where you get the different Polynesian language is.

  • A lot of them are intelligible, but they still have their own, like little dialects.

  • No cook Islanders can kind of understand the Moultrie people of Selma kind of understand the Tongans like that.

  • Yeah, they developed really strong kingdoms and civilizations that were thriving.

  • So anyway, yeah, moving on Micronesia.

  • Not to be confused with the Federated States of Micronesia, a country inside of Micronesia called Micronesia.

  • Anyway, this is the smallest in terms of population and land area.

  • We have less than half a 1,000,000 people and less than 1000 square miles of land.

  • The difference between Micronesia and Polynesia, first of all, is that, like the name implies, it is micro.

  • It's very small.

  • Unlike Polynesia and Melanesia, most of their land mass are coral atolls.

  • These thin, wispy, flat, low lying islands that barely go above sea level.

  • In the region of Micronesia, you have the sovereign states of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands, as well as cater bus and now rule.

  • Although Naru is kind of disputed and then you have the U S territories of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands.

  • One trait politically that sets this area apart is that most of the islands in this area have some kind of alignment with US policy allow.

  • The Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands are all US free association states, which means they kind of give each other a certain level of privilege.

  • People from the island countries are easily able to move and migrate to the U.

  • S.

  • And live there by property, and vice versa us to these islands.

  • In addition, they also have access to certain US social service is.

  • In addition, they provide the U.

  • S.

  • With military bases.

  • That's kind of how it works here.

  • Bus and now are kind of more aligned with Australia.

  • And they work more with the Australian government and they're kind of more on their own.

  • And kid of us is the only nation that has a plus 14 UTC time zone.

  • They straddled the international date line, so they are technically the first country to see tomorrow again.

  • We did videos on these.

  • If you didn't watch him, watch him anyway.

  • Culturally, Micronesians have kind of had to adapt to surviving off of as little land space and resource is as possible.

  • They didn't exactly quite have the war like culture as the Polynesians, although they could fight.

  • Then they had these really cool helmets made out of blowfish.

  • But overall, they just weren't really involved in too many tribal wars because they didn't really have a lot of space to ambush on.

  • Usually the more elevated and larger islands with space and hills, they provided crops that would be traded with the Attles that didn't have enough space to grow them.

  • So there was a lot of trading going on between Micronesians, and they kind of relatively got along well with their neighbors and traded well.

  • This allowed the unique Micronesian cultures and traditions to flourish.

  • Stone was a very prized commodity, so yeah was a very popular island in Micronesia and there were a lot of quarries and gap, and they would actually make the rai stones, which are the world's largest currency, still technically kind of used today.

  • Just big circular discs.

  • The more stone you had, the more powerful you were in Micronesia anyway, over time they got a lot of influence from the Spanish and the Philippines as Guam was once a Spanish colony, and then a lot of Filipinos moved in Micronesia.

  • It's easy to memorize that it's the micro part of oceanic.

  • It's the smallest one, and finally Melanesia, the second most populated region of Oceania, with about 12 ish 1,000,000 people.

  • It is made up of the island of New Guinea, split between Indonesia and Papa New Guinea, as well as the nations of Fiji, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands and some will say, maybe East team.

  • Or in addition, you have the French overseas collectivity off New Caledonia.

  • Mallon Asians are probably the most enigmatic people group on Earth, with trades and customs that are probably the least highlighted out of all the others.

  • For one, it is the most linguistically diverse area on earth.

  • Papa New Guinea alone has over 800 recognized languages.

  • It's almost like every single people group and island has their own language or dialect of another cousin language.

  • But essentially, it's broken down to people that speak either Austronesian or pop you in languages.

  • Long story short Melanesian Czar, the cousins of the native aboriginal peoples of Australia.

  • Some argue that the Torres Strait Islanders might be considered Melanesian but some people don't they say their name now it's native Aboriginal up to them to decide.

  • I don't know.

  • Ethnic Melanesian are generally darker in their complexion and have coarse hair, which is why I often they could be mistaken for being black or African descent, which they are not related to.

  • Modern geneticists are actually kind of baffled and have theories as to where their ancestors actually came from.

  • But the general consensus is maybe somewhere in South Asia, where, as the Polynesians and Micronesians were mostly descended from East Asia, Melanesian Zehr, also the only darker shade skin people on earth to have natural blonde hair, a trait caused by the T Y R P one gene.

  • Sometimes it might come out as reddish or bright brown.

  • In any case, geographically, Melanie Asians have some of the most volcanic land on earth.

  • Eruptions and lava flows are almost daily occurrences in some areas, most areas are lush and green, with intense biodiversity, but at the same time very deadly as well.

  • Therefore, the inhabitants have kind of learned how to adapt and survive in a land of chaotic wonder.

  • Traditionally, many Melanesian Sze didn't build towns, but rather like temporary, tightknit, well hidden settlements to avoid ambush from other tribes.

  • More so than the Polynesians, I would argue Melanie, Asians were kind of more willfully distance from other 1,000,000 Asians, which is one of the reasons why you probably get so many languages and customs and rituals amongst them.

  • Each small group kept to their own ways and hit it from all the other ones made in Papua New Guinea alone.

  • You have like the biting people with the fire dance.

  • The men of the Huli tribe have yellow face paint and where feather hats during celebrations.

  • The TRO brand islands have their weird cricket fusion octopus dance game.

  • Certain Solomon Islanders have cool beated headdresses and Vanna Watson's invented bungee jumping with people jumping off incredibly dangerous platforms with tree vines.

  • It's honestly like shocking that Melanesian culture isn't really highlighted much in media when it's so like colorful, unique, vibrant and fascinating.

  • I maybe Mo Onna should have been Melanesian.

  • Yeah, that's just about it.

  • Just a very quick general summary of the regions of Oshi Anya.

  • Each island has their own cool little thing going on.