Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles huh? Yeah. What is up? I'm Ethan, your relief English fluency coach. And today we have a special guest teacher that is English pronunciation expert Keenan from the Clear English corner. Now I've never seen anyone teach accent reduction quite as simply as Kina. So after watching this video, I highly recommend you go check out her channel, watch tons of her lessons and definitely be sure to subscribe. So without any further ado, here's Kina. Awesome. Ethan, thanks so much. I'm super excited to be here and talk a little bit about words that reduce in English. When words reduce, it means they're pronunciation changes in conversation and connected speech from what you would expect based on the written word. So, for example, to becomes tough, four becomes for 12 becomes one, huh? These reductions happen all the time to the smaller words that are unstrung est or not emphasized in a sentence. Native speakers use reductions constantly, and it can often make them difficult to understand. Knowing about an understanding common reductions can help immensely in you're listening comprehension. And if you want to learn more about the most common words and word pairs that reduce definitely check out these lessons on the clear English corner. In these lessons, we go over the most common reductions with lots of examples, and each lesson comes with a bonus free downloadable practice guy. So you'll definitely want to check these out. Will share links for you in the video description. In this lesson, we're talking about seven super common word pairs that reduce with examples from the popular TV series Friends. So let's dive right in with our first example. Two small words you'll often see together are has and to has in two, like she has to leave. But instead of clearly and distinctly hearing has and to ah, lot of times what you'll hear is hasta hasta. So she has to leave becomes she has to leave. She has to leave. He has to decide becomes he has to decide. He has to decide. Here's a few more examples of hasta from friends. This night has to go. This has to go. This night has to go just perfect, you know, And it only has to happen once. It only have been once It has to be an injection. That has to be an injection. My brother the Ph. D would like to know if there's any way to treat this orally? No. Under these circumstances, it has to be an injection. And it has to be. Now another common word pair is got to got to becomes Gotta gotta now notice that the teas at the end of God in the beginning of two combined together But instead of gotta you hear gotta gotta the sound becomes more of a de Gata. This is called the Flap T In American English. This flap tea or quick d sound happens when the T comes between two vowel sounds as in the words water and better And also the combination gotta So we've got to go becomes we've got to go. We've got to go. I've got a lot to do becomes I've got a lot to do I've got a lot to do. Here's a few more examples of gotta Come on, you're going out with the guy That's got to be something wrong with him. There's got to be something wrong with her. I've gotta smoke. I've gotta have the smoke. I got smooth. I've got a small I've gotta smoke. I've gotta have the smoke You never stopped again. I'll give you $7000. Yeah, right. You got to do it, man. You gotta do it. You got to do it, man out of becomes outer outta notice again. Those Ty's become a flap tea or quick de outta outta. So instead of we're out of time, you might hear we're out of time. We're out of time. He's out of the office. Will most likely become He's out of the office. He's out of the office. Here's a few more examples of outta. Remember what I said before? Uh, thank you, but I don't really need your help. Actually, what I think you said was, Don't touch that and get the hell out of my kitchen. Hello, But get the hell out of my kitchen. Let's get out of here. Let's get out of here, Right. It's Erica. I get Leslie out of the cold. I get Leslie out of the coma and then we make up. Now, this one I find particularly funny. The words front of front of a lot of times will turn into Franta Rana. So in front of everyone may sound like in front of everyone in front of everyone I'll meet you in front of the theater can turn into. I'll meet you in front of the theater. I'll meet you in front of the theater. Here's a couple more examples of Runa Monica. I started my day by peeing in front of 25 other women in front of 25 other women in front of 25 other women. And you're worried about who's gonna take you to the Big Apple Circus? This is me in the sound of music. See the Von Trapp kids? No, that's because I'm in front of them. That's because I'm in front of them. Yeah, I thought that was a help. After dinner, me, her and Pepper all fell asleep in front of fire. There all fell asleep in front of fire. It all fell asleep in front of fire. Well, I woke up in the middle of the night and I saw that the fire was dying out. So I picked up a log and threw it on, or at least what I thought was a log. Oh, my God. You pepper on the fire. Isn't it interesting how the pronunciation of these words changes in connected speech? I hope you're finding the lesson interesting and helpful. Remember, if you want to learn more about the most common words and word pairs that reduce, definitely check out these two lessons on the clear English corner. And don't forget that each lesson has a bonus free downloadable. PDF Practice Guide to really help you in hearing and speaking thes super common reductions. All right, let's get back to our lesson. Another common word. Pair. Lot of a lot of becomes Lata Lotte again. Notice that flap T Sneaking in there sounds like a quick de Lotte Lotte. So a lot of things becomes a lot of things. A lot of things. There's a lot of things to consider. There's a lot of things to consider. Ah, lot of people becomes a lot of people, a lot of people. That's a lot of people. That's a lot of people. Here's a few more examples of Lotte. I'm not gonna tell you what they spent on that wedding, but $40,000 is a lot of money, but $40,000 but $40,000 is a lot of money. We've been here for over an hour, and a lot of people less sick than my friend of gun in front of people. Or in a lot of people, less sick than my friend of Ghana. You guys, you sure have a lot of books about being a lesbian. Sure have a lot of books about being a lesbian. You sure have a lot of books about being a lesbian. Okay, Bye, Chip. Now I know there's gonna be a lot of babes in San Diego. I know this could be a lot of babes in San Diego. Now, I know there's gonna be a lot of babes in San Diego, but remember, there's also a lot to learn Now, you might have noticed another common reduction in a couple of these clips along with Lotte. Ross's dad, Jack and Chandler also used the reduction. Gonna gonna gonna is the common reduction of the word's going to going to when you're talking about an event that's going to happen or something you're going to do so instead of I'm going to do this tomorrow, you might hear I'm going to do this tomorrow. I'm going to do this tomorrow. Check out these examples from friends one more time. I'm not gonna tell you, I'm not gonna tell you. I'm not gonna tell you. Now. I know there's gonna be a lot of babes in San Diego. I know this could be a lot of teams in San Diego. Now, I know there's gonna be a lot of babes in San Diego, and our final example for this lesson must have a lot of times. Must have will combine to sound like muster muster. So I must have forgot becomes I must have forgot. I must have forgot. They must have been exhausted. Becomes They must have been exhausted. They must have been exhausted. Check out a few more examples of Mustapha. Yeah, This one goes across the street. I must have given him yours. I'll don't hit Bonehead Almost giving yours. I must have given him yours. Don't hit, bonehead. Wow, You must have hurt you Pretty bad, huh? Mr Hurt you Pretty bad, huh? It must have hurt you pretty bad, huh? You know, I heard about what happened. That must have been just terrible for you. That must have been just terrible for you. That must have been just terrible for you. Losing your mother that way. Yeah. No It was great. All right. Thanks against so much, Keenan. Wasn't that awesome lesson. Did you agree to be sure to let us know by commenting down in the box below. Also, we just taught a lesson all about difficult Fraser burbs over on Keenan Channel the clear English corner. So if you find phrase of herbs frustrating, you're going to really love this lesson. Check that out right here. Also, I made a phrase of herbs quits for you to go and test or not. You will find that right here. And we want to join you on your journey to English fluency. So be sure to subscribe. Charge handled by clicking right here. All right, great job today. Go out there and kick ass with your English.