Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles basketball legend Kobe Bryant's wife sues helicopter company We've got the language. We need to talk about this story. I'm Georgina. I'm Neil and this is news review. Let's hear more about that story from this. BBC Radio One News bulletin. Kobe Bryant's wife is suing the owner of the helicopter. The crash last month, killing him and their 13 year old daughter. The lawsuit was filed just before memorial service was held in Los Angeles last night. Yes, so the legendary basketball player Kobe Bryant on Dhe, His 13 year old daughter, died in a helicopter crash last month. His wife announced yesterday that she is going to sue the helicopters owner. She made this announcement just before the start of their memorial service. Okay, well, you've been looking at this story and you've picked out three words and expressions we can use to talk about it. What are they? They are files negligent on dhe wrongful files, negligent and wrongful. So please your first headline with that word files. So the first headliners from New Zealand, Harold So en Zet, Harold. And it is Kobe Bryants. Widow Vanessa files lawsuit against helicopter company files presents something officially, often in a law court. Yes, so imagine you have those old fashioned filing cabinets and you put all your important documentation in it. In this context, it's being used to talk about handing over important documentation to somebody else. So to file the documentation on this is being used in a legal context to help create a legal case. Okay, I see. So we have, ah, file, which is a kind of container for important documents. And you're saying the act of giving it is explains that it's a verb to file to file. Yeah, on, we must remember, it's a very legal word. It's used in illegal context. So it's not something that you would used to talk about something informally. You can use it the way it was structured is to file something against somebody or some one, just like in the headline in the headline. Exactly. So the headline says, Kobe Bryant's widow, Vanessa, files lawsuit against helicopter company. Okay, so you mentioned that it's ah used in kind of legal sense, probably quite formal. If I was to describe some general wrongdoing. So, for example, I don't know, let's think maybe it could be chocolate biscuit thieving. For example, if Rob was caught stealing eggs and biscuits from a colleague, would I file a case against him? No. Unless you got a lawyer as your representative and you were going to take him to court. So no, you would not use it in that context is complain. I think it's much more is much more commonly used to talk about things like divorce proceedings. So I filed for divorce last year or the singer filed a lawsuit against their former agent. So it's in a legal context, okay, and there are some common adverbs to go with this. Yeah, we can use adverbs like formally, officially or jointly, so you can jointly file a petition or formally file a petition or officially file a petition. Thes are all common adverbs that colic eight with file. Okay, before anyone files a complaint against us, let's have a summary time now for your second headline, please, Georgina. The second headline is from seven News Miami, and it is Vanessa Bryant sues helicopter Company says pilot killed in crash was negligent and careless, negligent, careless about responsibilities. Yes, so in this context, again, it's a legal word on the verb we're going to look at first is to neglect. Yes. OK, so the kind of root of this is this word Neglect. Yes. I'll give you an example, please. Yes. You know that I like growing tomatoes. Yes, I've never tasted them. I wonder why not many people have. That's the problem. Because you know what? You're supposed to do My responsibilities as a gardener. Art of water. The plants feed them. Make sure those snails keep away. But I neglect my responsibilities. Meaning I don't do them on. Therefore, I don't get tomatoes. No, on these are responsibilities that you should do. They are things that you ought to do on. That's why in the headline it says the pilot killed in crash was negligence. So he was responsible for the other people's safety within that helicopter. So we often use in with Nicholas negligence so negligent in something the airline was negligent in providing adequate training for their staff would be an example. Okay, we don't say something that someone is very negligent. Do you know we would never use the word very with negligent because negligent is an extreme adjective. So that's why it's much more common to see it with grossly negligent. And also that's a common qualification that's used in the legal context as well. So you could say they're absolutely negligent. But it wouldn't sound correct because it's not the most common way it's used in illegal context for English. And there's a noun as well. Yes, negligence. So again you can use it with the word grow. So they were accused of gross negligence would be a good example off that Okay, well, let's not neglect our audience and let's see a summary slide. If you would like to hear a story about another sports person, we have one about an Olympic swimmer who did something remarkable. We d'oh, they did they save somebody from drowning on to watch the video. All you need to do is go to the link below the box here, but save it for later. Don't watch it now, OK, time now for our third and final headline, please, Georgina. Our third and final headline is from Sports Interactive Network On it is Vanessa Bryant files wrongful death lawsuit against helicopter operator in Kobe crash wrongful, unfair, illegal or morally wrong. So it seems like it's a fairly straightforward were This has got to obvious parts. Exactly. It's got wrong and it's got full. So full means full of something so full of wrong. Causing wrong on full can be used a lot as a suffix. In other words, like painful, so full of pain causing pain. Careful, helpful, hopeful but more positive ones. So can I just use wrongful to describe any situation which is wrong? I know. So let's think back new to a little story you told me about about your previous job. Oh, I don't really like to talk about my previous job. It's a bit sensitive. Well, I was fired. I was fired and you believe it for turning up late once once. Now, I think that was very, very unfair. So if you were going to talk about it with your friends, where you say, would you use the word wrongful know if I was going to tell that story to a friend? I wouldn't say, Oh, you wouldn't believe it. I turned up late for work Once, Andi, I was wrongfully dismissed. No, you wouldn't do it. Said they fired me and it was really unfair or something like that. Yeah, you would not use it in that context because wrongful is a much more formal type of words, and it often colic eights with dismissal as well. So wrongful dismissal is a really great call. Occassion together is a legal expression. You would have wrongful fired it. It just doesn't work at all. So on it's up. Would be He threatened to sue his employer for wrongful dismissal. Or another example would be The police were sued for wrongful arrest on How do we use it As an adverb? As an effort is simple. It's just add on an l. Why? So is wrongfully. So you could say you were wrongfully accused of being late. Yeah, well, I was actually late. I was didn't deserve to be fired. Some other similar meanings are illegal or unlawful. But if you want to keep it more informal, you could say it was a really shady idea. They had to get rid of me or right? Dodgy idea was something like that. Dodgy shady. Okay, let's have a summary please. Time. Now then, for a recap of our vocabulary, please. Georgina. Yes. So the 1st 1 we had was files and that means presents something officially, often in a law court. The second word was negligent and that means careless about responsibilities On the last word was wrongful which means unfair in eagle or morally wrong. If you'd like to test yourself on this vocabulary, there is a quiz you can take on our brilliant website BBC Learning english dot com It's full of all kinds of activities and videos toe help you improve your English. Thanks for joining us. Everyone. See you next time I see you next time. Bye. Hi, everyone. We hope you enjoyed that video on. Thank you very much for watching. We have so many more. Just like it. So if you don't want to miss a single one, make sure to subscribe and we will see you regularly hope to see you soon. Bye, guys.