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  • >>WOMAN: The last video we talked about the limitations of biological mind control

  • because neuroscience doesn't understand how information is encoded in the brain

  • and the central nervous system. Someone was cool enough to send me a link to an

  • article written in 2007 of August by Discover Magazine, and the article was called

  • Ten Unsolved Mysteries of the Brain. That's what we're going to talk about.

  • What are the ten top mysteries of the brain?

  • This is really interesting stuff, and it ties right into the last video that I did.

  • I'm going to go over all of the top ten mysteries of the brain and I'm going to make

  • comments about each one, but before I go over the top ten mysteries of the brain,

  • I want to make a comment about what all of the top ten mysteries have in common.

  • You see, in philosophy, in psychology, in fact, in just about any of the sciences,

  • an important distinction is made about the function of something and the structure

  • of something. By function we are talking about the intentions behind something;

  • its purpose, what it does, its activities and the result of that activity.

  • For example, if you have a fork, the function of that fork is to pick up food.

  • By structure we are referring to physical form; how the object is arranged, its shape,

  • it's physical parts and how those parts fit together into a whole.

  • This structure of a fork is a metal shaft with three or four sharp prongs pointed

  • out from the shaft. In psychology, the mind in terms of function means what the mind

  • does. For example, some of these functions would include memory, perception,

  • reasoning and emotional response. These different functions in the mind of psychology

  • are called mental faculties. In psychology, when we talk about structure we are talking

  • about

  • the brain; the physical structure of the brain, the parts of the brain, the neurons,

  • the neurotransmitters, etc.

  • The words mind and brain tend to be used interchangeably in common speech. However,

  • in psychology, and in the philosophy of mind, the brain is used to refer exclusively

  • to the structure of the brain. Mind is used to refer exclusively to the mental

  • functions of the mind. So, the basic assumption that biological psychology is based on,

  • meaning the actual foundation that the entire subject is built on top of

  • is that the physical structure of the brain is responsible for the non physical function

  • of the mind.

  • Mystery Number ten: What is consciousness?

  • Well, there's been a great deal of research done in an attempt to unlock the mystery

  • of just what consciousness is, but not only is the phenomena of consciousness not understood

  • on a structural level, but there isn't a good agreed upon functional model for just what

  • this phenomena is either. One thing that's interesting about consciousness is that on

  • a

  • functional level it appears to exist outside of the mind as if it's looking in.

  • For example, if you compare the mind to a computer, both the mind and the computer store

  • information. Both the mind and the computer input information. Both the mind and the

  • computer process information and both the mind and the computer output information.

  • But, no one assumes that the computer is aware of what it is doing. Now, consciousness

  • is the computer user. It knows what the computer is doing and it's guiding its operations.

  • Mystery number nine: How do the specialized systems of the brain integrate with one another?

  • This relates to consciousness. In other words, perceptional information flows to different

  • parts of the brain. Sight goes to one part of the brain. Sound goes to another part of

  • the brain. Taste goes to another part of the brain, and tactile sensation goes to another

  • part.

  • But, when you perceive the world you view all of these as an integrated whole even though

  • these areas of the brain are not connected together. How does this work? No one knows.

  • It's a mystery.

  • Mystery Number eight: Why do brains sleep and dream?

  • My comment: No one knows. But, what we do know is that if you deny someone of their

  • sleep

  • and dreaming, then they begin to exhibit signs of mental illnesses.

  • In fact, there was a study done where psychiatrists couldn't tell whether someone was

  • diagnosed as mentally ill or if they just had a lack of sleep.

  • Mystery number seven: How is time represented in the brain?

  • Again, no one knows, but what we do know is that it's not at all at uniformed rate.

  • After all, sometimes, time seems to pass very quickly and other times

  • time seems to drag on forever. We do know that it is probably related to

  • completed sequences of motion. For example, when you are very busy time passed very

  • quickly.

  • Mystery number six: What is intelligence?

  • Psychologists have yet to come up with a clear definition of intelligence that everyone

  • can agree on. Because of this, there is no objective standard of what intelligence is.

  • So, IQ is just an arbitrary number given to people when compared to other people who have

  • taken the test. But there is no actual standard that exists outside of people taking

  • this test. What we can tell is that intelligence is a combination of many, many

  • different factors. Imagination, perception, education, literacy, reasoning ability.

  • It's not just one thing, and all of us have different levels of abilities at each one

  • of these factors. We sort of lump all of these factors together and call it

  • intelligence.

  • Mystery number five: What are emotions?

  • Well, I already did a video about this, and if you're interested, go ahead and check out

  • Music, Emotions and Mind Control.

  • Mystery number four: How does the mind simulate the future?

  • In other words, how do people imaging future events and predict consequence.

  • My only comment on this is if you compared a mind to a super computer this one ability

  • would make the super computer look like a pocket calculator.

  • Mystery number three: What does the baseline activity in the brain represent?

  • This is a complex one and I don't have time to go over it in this video, but essentially,

  • I don't think scientists can establish a baseline, because I don't believe that

  • a baseline for brain activity even exists.

  • Mystery number two: How are memories stored and retrieved?

  • Now this point is fascinating and I'll have to do a whole video on the subject.

  • I will say that the scientist who is known as the father of neurology

  • and the scientist who won a Nobel Prize for discovering how neurotransmitters work,

  • both came up with the conclusion that memories are not stored in the brain.

  • How can that be? Well, You'll have to stay tuned!

  • And what is the biggest mystery of the brain?

  • Mystery number one: How is information encoded in the brain?

  • Now, this is the Holy Grail of biological psychology or psychiatry, and because

  • it's not understood, it dramatically limits what psychiatry is able to do.

  • I did a whole video on this earlier. If you're interested you can check it out.

  • It's called Biological Mind Control.

  • In a future video we'll be talking about brainwashing. What exactly is brainwashing?

  • Thanks for watching. Please rate my video and I'll see you next time!

>>WOMAN: The last video we talked about the limitations of biological mind control

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10 Mind & Brain Mysteries, Psychology Mind Control Report

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    Why Why posted on 2013/03/24
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