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  • [Greetings in Mandarin Chinese]

  • [Korean]

  • [Japanese]

  • I hope this video will motivate and inspire you to learn Korean, Japanese Chinese, or all three

  • I'll talk about these languages' similarities, differences,

  • how easy they are to learn, and some general tips on how to learn them. Some people ask me is it

  • possible to really learn more than one language at a time? Yes! It's very possible!

  • Lots of people focus on one language just like you get athletes who play one sport

  • But then you get triathletes, so I think of a triathlon that is a race where you do swimming

  • running and cycling

  • Similarly you can learn multiple languages at the same time and train your brain to treat these languages

  • uniquely. Alright, let's look at the similarities and differences between Korean Mandarin and Japanese

  • Here is a table which kind of shows you the differences between

  • pronunciation, grammar and, some other variables

  • Consider the following sentence to get a basic overview of these languages. A sentence

  • "I am exercising" or "I exercise" in Chinese

  • it's ... in Korean its ... and

  • Japanese

  • .. Did you pick up that the word for exercise is really similar in all three languages?

  • Okay, let's look at another word that sounds similar. It's the word for telephone Chinese is ..

  • Japanese is denwa and

  • Korean is chong hwa

  • And do you see that the Chinese and the Japanese words are written exactly the same? Chinese characters in Chinese

  • are called Han su

  • Kanji in Japanese and Japanese, also has two other writing systems called hiragana

  • katakana

  • Korean uses hangul, but sometimes you'll find Chinese characters as well

  • These are called hanja. Both Japanese and Korean have brought Chinese words into their vocabularies

  • But they've changed the pronunciation to suit the sound system of their language.

  • The word for library in Chinese ... in Korean its do sa gwan and in Japanese

  • to sho kan. The kwan, gwan,

  • and kan all mean room

  • So if you know this one character it's almost like you get a whole bunch of other words for free

  • When you see one character that you've learned being used in a multitude of other compound words

  • Japanese and Korean grammar is remarkably similar

  • Both of these languages use particles to indicate the topic, subject, object,

  • location, possessiveness of a sentence

  • Korean and Japanese sentence endings are also quite similar. In Japanese you will use a verb plus the structure

  • te miru to mean to try something

  • the miru part

  • literally means to look. In Korean, the same way you want to say to try something is you take a verb and you add

  • hae bo da to it and

  • Can you guess? Bo da means to look! That's really similar right? Okay

  • Let's look at some differences! Number 1!

  • Mandarin uses tones and has five varying pitches. Japanese doesn't have tones

  • But intonation is quite important. Hashi and hashi! And though Korean has some liasons which makes pronunciation tricky at times

  • It's pretty much pronounced as it's written

  • And you don't need to worry about tones at all! Number two: the alphabet

  • Chinese is the only language out of these three that doesn't have a distinguishable alphabet. For example

  • You can learn the japanese and korean alphabets and be able to pronounce a word without really knowing what it means

  • But you can't do the same with chinese because you can't decipher word with reference to a pre learned alphabet

  • Each word is a character with a distinct way of writing it and of different pronunciation. Number three: spacing

  • Korean is the only language of these three that put spaces between words

  • That's because the hangul alphabet looks pretty similar, and if you have a long sentence of hangul

  • It's a lot easier to just put spaces between the word. Now the important question

  • How easy is it to learn all of these languages really?

  • Well it depends on your background and your past learning experiences. In my case I started with Korean

  • It was quite easy in the beginning because of the simple writing system

  • But it did get a bit difficult at the intermediate and advanced levels because of the grammar

  • However starting Japanese after Korean was quite nice because the grammar structures are pretty similar and

  • After that I've started learning Mandarin. Mandarin seems difficult to any beginner because of a complicated writing system

  • But once you're past that it gets a lot easier because the grammar is quite similar to English

  • However a Chinese person or somebody with a background in learning Chinese

  • might find Japanese an easy start because of all the kanji

  • So to summarize Korean is easy for beginners because of the very simple writing system

  • Japanese is also easy because kanji only comes into the picture later, and you can get by with hiragana and katakana

  • However both Korean and Japanese grammar get quite complicated done line. For a beginner,

  • Mandarin Chinese might be difficult because of the new writing system and complicated characters

  • But the easiest part of learning Mandarin is the grammar.

  • You don't need to worry about

  • tenses at all and it's very very similar to English. For Korean it's definitely the writing system hangul is very

  • logical and easy to read. And for Japanese

  • learning hiragana and katakana is quite easy because it follows a logical order

  • We start with the vowels ah e

  • O and then you just add it to other sounds ka ki ku ke ko simple

  • right? So, which one do you start with? I think Korean is quite an easy start.

  • But sometimes the grammar and pronunciation makes it tricky when you go down the line

  • However if you start with Korean and move on to Japanese it really won't be that difficult

  • Because when Japanese uses stuff like sentence particles to mark the topic and object of the sentence you'll already

  • understand what that concept is in Korean and just be able to apply it. You can then start bringing in Chinese because you'll recognize a

  • lot of Chinese characters

  • If you've learned kanji.

  • Here are four tips that are specific to learning these three languages

  • If you want more language learning tips feel free to look at other videos on my channel

  • Where I talk about more general language learning

  • Number one: use the one language to help you learn the other

  • For me the best Japanese textbooks

  • I've ever used are those that are written in Korean for Korean natives to learn Japanese

  • The reason it's so easy is because the grammar structure is quite similar in both languages

  • So my mind doesn't have to make that big of a switch in terms of sentence structure when I'm trying to learn.

  • I also prefer

  • translating sentences from Korean to Japanese

  • Instead of English to Japanese.

  • Number two: I cannot overestimate the importance of listening

  • This is so important for Mandarin which is tones. If you

  • constantly hear a word being pronounced correctly around you

  • You'll be more likely to be able to say the word properly too. It's easier to listen to a CD and repeat phrases

  • than it is to look at a static piece of paper and try to pronounce a word without being able to check your

  • pronunciation

  • Number three:

  • Incorporate the language into your daily life. Look for it wherever you can!

  • Go to Chinese food stores

  • And you'll most likely find Korean and Japanese products as well

  • Number Four: music

  • Lots of k-pop songs have been made into Chinese and Japanese versions as well

  • So you can take the same song and compare it in three different languages.

  • You might be asking why you should learn all three?

  • Well any new language you learn exposes new opportunities, new friends, and expands your worldview

  • but in the case of Korean, Japanese, and Chinese

  • your vocabulary acquisition will be a lot faster in Korean and Japanese if you know the Chinese roots

  • So it'll actually be more productive to learn Korean and Japanese at the same time instead of Korean and German for instance

  • Because Korean and Japanese are so similar in structure that you'll start to realize the patterns

  • and it'll be a lot easier to understand new concepts

  • Lastly remember to keep track of your progress in each language

  • It's really rewarding to see where you started and where you are now

  • I hope this video was helpful and motivating for you

  • And that you're excited to learn Korean, Japanese, and/or Chinese. See you guys in the next video.

  • Bye

[Greetings in Mandarin Chinese]

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