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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is lesson 401. The topic of ... or the title of

  • today's lesson is hot topic. It's a hot topic of course in the news these days

  • you know for the past month and probably still going into the future about the

  • coronavirus and how to talk about it. So the purpose of this lesson is to go over

  • a lot of vocabulary. That if specially if you are a student of ESL , English as a

  • second language, and you wanted to talk about it in English this is important

  • vocabulary for you. And I'll give you examples of how we would use the

  • vocabulary and things that you know have been reported that people might talk

  • about in regard to the coronavirus. So let's look at the first one.

  • The coronavirus itself first. You know, any of a number of our RNA containing

  • viruses that lead to infections of the respiratory tract. Okay.

  • It is named the corona virus due to a crown-like appearance in electron micrograph. All right.

  • Now ... Remember the, the respiratory tract... that's what they talked about it . I know

  • when I looked at a lot of videos on it. They do say that men seem, seem to be a

  • little more likely to catch the corona virus than women , but then I've also

  • heard of other reports that it may not just be men it's because especially in

  • Asia where the most cases are, men tend to be heavier smokers and it could

  • really be more of the fact of being a heavy smoker

  • because this attacks your respiratory tract. And that could be a factor as opposed to

  • just gender alone. Okay. Let's continue. All right now. Our first vocabulary

  • to go over is wet market. This is what you hear on the news. So what is a wet market ?

  • A wet market basically is a market that sells fresh meat products and there's a

  • lot of them in China, where the fresh meat is kind of hanging there. Some

  • people question how sanitary it is. But this is where some of the you know, WHO

  • and some people are claiming that the virus may have may have come out , out of

  • this this wet market. So let's just give an example here. The W-H-O claims the

  • coronavirus may have infected humans from a wet market. Now years ago during

  • the SARS crisis because you know, coronavirus is kind of related to it.

  • They both attack your respiratory tract. During the SARS virus they claimed that

  • it came from like a civet which is an animal... it's like a cat like one. I think

  • the story behind it is like through a bat. Like maybe a bat bit a civet and

  • then people eat bat soup or something like that. And they might have contracted

  • the disease that way. This is the theory. Although to be honest with you, it has

  • never really been proven. So it is really just a theory. It could be completely

  • wrong but this is what you've heard reported in the media a lot. So people

  • may repeat this and with the coronavirus it's not a civet. They're not

  • blaming the civet any more. Now they're blaming the Pangolin ... which is an animal

  • it's in the anteater family. You know, it's got one of those long snouts and

  • they eat a lot of ants. So again but the the story is kind of

  • the same. They think maybe a bat bit some pangolins and then people ate the bat

  • soup and somehow contracted the disease in that way. Okay. Again like I said that

  • really there is no proof 100% beyond that , but this is what you may hear

  • reported. All right. Let's continue. The next vocabulary well exposure is a simple

  • word. Most you should know this. Being in a situation where something dangerous or

  • harmful could affect a person. Let's just give an example of that. They claim some

  • of the earliest infections were found in people who had exposure to a wet market

  • in Wuhan. You know, that part of China. So this is their idea of maybe where or why

  • it may come from that. That's, that's about as much evidence as they have. All

  • right. Let's continue. Incubation period is another important term if you wanted

  • to talk about this. The period of a disease starting from infection to the

  • appearance of symptoms. Okay. Here's our example here. They believe the incubation

  • period of the coronavirus is 14 days. We don't know if that's a hundred percent.

  • I've heard someone's some reports say that it could possibly be longer. We

  • don't really know, but that's that's the main one that they are going by. All

  • right. The word quarantine. So quarantine, a situation in which people

  • or animals, or animals have been infected with a disease and then they are

  • separated from others, so that the disease will not spread. Okay. And here's

  • our example sentence for that. In many countries if one is tested positive for

  • the coronavirus he or she may have to be quarantined for 14 days which is

  • related to the incubation period basically. Yeah. So we say quarantine. Yeah.

  • And before in some of my earlier videos I did a an Origin on the word quarantine

  • too which is interesting if you like this one maybe you want to check that

  • out as well. All right. Let's continue. The next important vocabulary here is surgical

  • masks. Okay. So basically a mask worn to catch bacteria emitted by the wearer.

  • Okay. And here's our example sentence. During the SARS crisis there was a

  • shortage of surgical masks. And I'm sure in the news this is what you see if you

  • see people in China. You see them at almost everybody is wearing the surgical

  • masks and in other parts of Asia or Japan, Korea, you see a lot of people

  • wearing them, especially if they go in areas where there is... in the public where

  • there's a lot of people around. They may wear this. I've heard other reports too

  • through. Some question you know, how much they really do protect you. But one thing

  • for sure though is if you do wear them and you did actually contract the

  • disease they say that will ... that protects other people from you spreading

  • it. Whether you can still contract it with that surgical mask on, I'm not sure.

  • Hopefully it will protect you to at least a certain degree. Okay. Let's

  • continue. All right. Ration. All right. This is also important. A limited amount of

  • something one is allowed due to you know, a shortage and of course

  • the surgical masks are what is in a shortage here. In Taiwan, surgical masks

  • are rationed due to a shortage. Yeah. Specifically in Taiwan I think most of

  • the pharmacies... they only allow people I think to buy three or four times a week

  • and they can only buy like two surgical masks at a time. So of course this is

  • causing long lines you see lines of people that could be you know hundred

  • people on a line waiting you know, for when they're selling them and hopefully

  • by the time they get up there, they won't be sold out too. There's always a chance

  • you can wait on this long line and it can be sold out by the time you get to

  • the front. Okay. All right. Shutter. Now this is another important word that

  • could be important in the near future. To close a building for a prolonged

  • period of time. Sometimes it means it goes out of business completely too. But in this

  • case it's just closed for a longer period. And here's our example. Throughout

  • China, many factories have been shuttered due to the coronavirus. So yes, some of

  • them just stopped production completely and you know, some parts of

  • China are really shut down. And remember this is important because you know, I

  • think China is up to about 21 percent of the world production. You know, that they

  • send parts out. So this could have an effect on us. All right. Let's continue.

  • So our next word is really our next term is supply chain. The whole process... the whole

  • process of producing and selling goods at every stage. So if the.... you know, if the

  • China's production... if a lot of these factories stay shuttered for a long, long

  • time, the supply chain may be affected. So that's our example sentence here. If too

  • many factories remain shuttered for too long , it may hinder the supply chain and

  • lead to shortages around the world on certain products. Not on every product

  • but on certain products , especially the ones that are coming out of China.

  • Sometimes it's just some parts and really the whole thing cannot be put

  • together because of these parts. So this this could lead to ... let's hope not. There

  • are some bright spots too. This... to this disease to is that the

  • warmer weather is not that far away. It's around the corner just like with SARS.

  • When the warmer weather came, it helped to control the situation a lot better. So

  • let's hope it happens the same way. This time but if it, if it didn't. You know,

  • straighten out by that time , it could really have a very strong economic

  • effect. You know maybe lead to an economic crash around the world. That's

  • what some people are talking about. Hopefully that won't happen. If you know,

  • if once the weather warms up by April May if a lot of this crisis calms down

  • or dissipates or goes away in a similar way to what happened with SARS you know,

  • in the early 2000s. All right. Let's continue. Okay. All right. Conspiracy theories

  • Yeah. There's a lot of conspiracy theories out there in regard to this. Now

  • again, I don't know if you know , I'm not saying any of them are true, but I'm just...

  • I will just mention some that have been talked about when you when you read

  • online you read about things. So again, if you're having conversations

  • about the coronavirus these, these ideas may come up. So well this is a conspiracy

  • theory. A belief that a covert or hidden group of people are secretly trying to

  • harm someone to achieve a goal. That's the main idea. All right. So what are some.

  • Well the first one might be that there is a is a bioweapon lab in China that's

  • actually right near the wet market. So even though they have the theory that

  • some of the first cases came from the wet market. Well this bio lab is near

  • there too. So maybe the the virus escaped from it. Or we hope that it was

  • not exposed on purpose. But you know , some people have talked about that too with

  • the second one here. With thee ...you know, because there was a lot of protests

  • going on in China you know, Hong Kong and stuff that maybe this may be a way to

  • quiet this out. Again hopefully this is not true but these are some things that

  • were said online that it was due in connection to this coronavirus. If

  • was not really a natural event. A lot of people also question it due to the

  • timing. The timing seems to be almost too perfect. It was right around Chinese New

  • Year where most people could be infected more quickly. So some people wonder if it

  • was natural or you know was there somebody or something else behind this.

  • All right. The other one is Big Pharma. Well, especially in our the last decade

  • or almost two decades we've had a lot of scares of a crisis of diseases and it

  • seems like there was a lot of cases and then very often because there was a lot

  • of cases a lot of governments went and donated money to make vaccinations and

  • big Pharma gets a lot of money this way. And some people think that you know, they

  • could be something behind it. Like this That maybe once they get the money then

  • suddenly, the disease kind of disappears. And it didn't really never

  • lived up to the hype of what the scare was in the media. Again let's hope this

  • is not the truth. But these are this is another sort of conspiracy theory that

  • is out there. All right. Globalism could be related to

  • globalism too. You know there's a theory that there's a lot of rich elite people.

  • They kind of want a one-world government. They're not happy. Some things are not

  • going their way. The European Union is breaking apart. They don't like that.

  • They're not that crazy about Trump either because supposedly he is one

  • leader that they don't control. And we've had a lot more populist leaders that

  • have been elected throughout the world and the they may not be listening to the

  • globalists. So maybe they are they're doing this to cause chaos or maybe this

  • is a way to to bring down the world economy. To make it more difficult for

  • Trump to be reelected again. I'm not saying this is what is happening , but

  • there are conspiracy theories out there. So when people talk about it, these are

  • things that you could possibly hear about in relation to the coronavirus.

  • Okay. Anyway, I hope this was very informative and I hope it's very helpful.

  • Okay. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is lesson 401. The topic of ... or the title of

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A2 US surgical people vocabulary china wet lot

English Tutor Nick P Lesson (401) Hot Topic - Coronavirus - How to Discuss It

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    anitawu12 posted on 2020/02/27
Video vocabulary