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  • - [Jacob] Any magical historian can tell you

  • that the wizarding world spans books, films,

  • a Broadway play, and J.K. Rowling's unstoppable

  • Twitter updates.

  • Hey, everyone.

  • This is Jacob with "Cinematica",

  • and we're writing a history lesson of our own

  • with a Harry Potter timeline.

  • This video will cover the original eight films,

  • with a focus on the decade-long struggle

  • between Harry and Voldemort,

  • though there's a bunch of stuff that happens

  • before the decades-long part.

  • - I read about it in "Hogwarts, A History."

  • - [Jacob] I'm sure you did, Hermione,

  • but that means no "Fantastic Beasts"

  • and no "Cursed Child", thankfully.

  • So maybe this'll be a little less comprehensive

  • than "Hogwarts, a History."

  • But I'm sure many would agree that might be for the better.

  • And nevermind the Hogwarts Express for now,

  • 'cause we're twisting our Time Turner

  • way back to 1,000 years ago, circa the 900s

  • to around the 1300s.

  • In the 10th century, four of the leading witches

  • and wizards of England establish Hogwarts School

  • of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

  • They are Godric Griffindor, Helga Hufflepuff,

  • Rowena Ravenclaw, and Salazar Slytherin.

  • They each found a school house that embodies

  • their respective personalities.

  • Unfortunately, Slytherin's personality turns out

  • to be bigoted fascist, so isn't long

  • before he mucks up the whole system.

  • He believes that only pure-blooded wizards

  • are suitable for mentorship at Hogwarts,

  • causing a fallout between him

  • and the other founders.

  • He retires, but not before building

  • the Chamber of Secrets and placing a basilisk inside

  • so that one day his heir can free it

  • and purge the school of half-bloods and muggle-borns.

  • Good, cool stuff.

  • Such a cool thing to do, my dude.

  • Hundreds of years later, in the 1200s,

  • the three Peverell brothers come into possession

  • of three tools that are immensely OP.

  • Dubbed the Deathly Hallows, they are the Invisibility Cloak,

  • the Resurrection Stone, and the Elder Wand.

  • And it's believed that the brothers received them

  • from death himself.

  • As death claims each of the brothers' lives,

  • the items are lost to time.

  • Later that very same century,

  • the Triwizard Tournament is founded.

  • Hogwarts participates in the tournament,

  • along with its fellow wizarding schools,

  • the Durmstrang Institute and Beaubatons Academy of Magic,

  • which is ridiculous, since that school is in France

  • and should be pronounced Beauatons, but I digress.

  • 100 years after that, the French alchemist Nicholas Flamel

  • or Nicholas Flamel I guess, creates a massively powerful

  • piece of magic called the Philosopher's Stone,

  • which sidebar, Flamel was a real person

  • who lived from about 1330 to 1418,

  • and the Philosopher's Stone is an actual mythological item

  • that is actually called the Philosopher's Stone

  • and is not the Sorcerer's Stone

  • as American audiences were lead to believe.

  • The copy I've had since I was a kid says

  • "Philosopher's Stone" and this is a hill

  • I will gladly die on.

  • Extra points to "Full Metal Alchemist"

  • for not needlessly changing the name

  • of the Philospher's Stone.

  • And if you wanna watch that timeline

  • you can find it over on our sister channel,

  • Get in the Robot, sidebar over.

  • Anyway, Flamel uses the Stone to create an elixir of life

  • that sustains him for hundreds of years.

  • Its life-giving properties are far more effective

  • than those of unicorn blood.

  • He lasts longer than the Triwizard Tournament,

  • which ends in 1792 after the tradition is deemed

  • to be too dangerous.

  • And we very plainly see why in "The Goblet of Fire"

  • but I'm getting way ahead of myself.

  • 1899.

  • So anyway, like 100 years later, in 1899,

  • the young wizard, Gellert Grindelwald is expelled

  • from the Durmstrang Institute after performing

  • dark experiments and attacks on students.

  • Post-expulsion Grindelwald goes to live

  • with his great aunt, Bathilda Bagshot

  • who introduces him to her neighbor, Albus Dumbledore.

  • The two boys cultivate a close and complicated friendship

  • which later turns romantic built on ambition

  • and their shared aptitude for magic.

  • Though you'd never know the the romantic part

  • if you were just watching the movies.

  • They soon begin plotting a wizarding revolution

  • by finding the Deathly Hallows and bringing an end

  • to the international statute of secrecy.

  • But Albus has responsibilities that he's choosing to ignore.

  • Specifically, after his mother's death,

  • he and his younger brother Aberforth were left

  • as the main caregivers to their young

  • and vulnerable sister Ariana.

  • When Aberforth confronts Albus about his dereliction

  • of duty, Grindelwald steps in and uses the Cruciatus Curse

  • on the young wizard.

  • Albus is horrified by the use of one

  • of the unforgivable curses

  • and the three wizards begin to duel.

  • Ariana gets caught in the crossfire,

  • is struck by a spell, and dies.

  • 1926-1943.

  • On New Year's Eve of 1926, Tom Marvolo Riddle was born

  • to a witch mother and muggle father

  • who got mixed up in this business against his will.

  • Riddle's mother cast a love spell on him.

  • Through his mom, Merope Gaunt, he's the direct heir

  • of Salazar Slytherin, but his upbringing isn't so lofty.

  • Since his mother died and his father's out of the picture,

  • he's raised at Wool's Orphanage in London.

  • Dark happenings follow Tom.

  • On holiday on a seaside cave, he traumatizes some

  • of his fellow orphans.

  • In 1938, Hogwarts professor, Albus Dumbledore,

  • who has aged pretty ungracefully

  • since his youth as Jude Law, visits Tom at the orphanage.

  • Despite the warning signs that Tom is super evil,

  • Dumbledore invites him to Hogwarts.

  • During his time at the school, Tom becomes a handsome

  • and brilliant student and a favorite

  • of potions master, Horace Slughorn.

  • But he also becomes a bigoted fascist

  • who's drawn to super evil magic.

  • I guess it runs in the family.

  • He spends his free time in the restricted section

  • of the library researching super evil things.

  • After learning about his muggle heritage,

  • Tom tracks down and murders his father

  • and paternal grandparents

  • at Riddle house in Little Hangleton.

  • He reclaims an old heirloom of his mother's family,

  • a ring that he wears around Hogwarts.

  • Little does he know at the time that the ring contains

  • the fabled Resurrection Stone.

  • It's never specified, but Tom must have used the murders

  • of his muggle family to fashion the stone

  • into the first of his seven horcruxes later down the line.

  • In 1942, after one of Slughorn's famous dinner parties

  • Tom stays behind.

  • He probes the professor about the nature of horcruxes.

  • Back up vessels for the soul made by killing another person.

  • He floats the idea of splitting a soul

  • into seven fragments and Slughorn is rightfully terrified,

  • but he doesn't tell anyone about the incident.

  • A year later, Tom discovers

  • the Chamber of Secrets' hidden entrance.

  • He frees Slytherin's basilisk so it can roam the halls

  • of Hogwarts, killing Myrtle Warren.

  • In the ensuing investigation, Tom blames Rubius Hagrid

  • for opening the chamber.

  • Hagrid's expelled and his wand is broken,

  • but Dumbledore remains suspicious of Tom.

  • Suffering under Dumbledore's watchful eye,

  • Tom stopped exploring the chamber

  • and turns his personal diary into his second horcrux.

  • In the following years,

  • Tom creates three additional horcruxes

  • further dividing his soul.

  • In 1945, Dumbledore has a legendary dual

  • against the dark wizard Gellert Grindelwald

  • that's literally a whole other story,

  • but the main takeaway is that Dumbledore is victorious

  • and seizes control of the Elder Wand from him.

  • But now there's a new dark lord in town.

  • At some additional edge lord Tom Riddle thinks

  • it would be cool to rearrange the letters in his name

  • to make a dark lord title

  • and takes the mantle of Lord Voldemort.

  • The name matches his new super creepy appearance.

  • The severing of his soul drains Lord Voldemort

  • of his humanity, leaving him pale and serpentine.

  • Also he has no nose.

  • Probably part of that whole looking like a snake thing

  • but he has no nose and it's weird and gross

  • but now whenever I see Ray Fiennes I don't recognize him

  • because I mostly know him for having no nose.

  • In this transformative time, Voldemort gains a legion

  • of followers called Death Eaters who help him incite fear

  • and discrimination in the wizarding world.

  • And basically, he's the biggest threat

  • to the wizarding world since Gellert Grindelwald.

  • 1970-1990.

  • It's a period of civil war.

  • The Order of the Phoenix, founded by Albus,

  • protects the Ministry of Magic

  • from Voldemort's reign of terror.

  • Elsewhere, a young muggle-born witch named Lily Evans

  • is coming into her powers.

  • She falls out of favor with her jealous sister Petunia,

  • if Petunia ever favored her in the first place,

  • but meets another magical boy named Severus Snape.

  • The two become fast friends,

  • but their relationship is put

  • in jeopardy once school begins.

  • The Sorting Hat sorts Lily into Gryffindor

  • while Snape is sorted into Slytherin.

  • They're further estranged by the marauders,

  • a mischevious group of Gryffindor boys who bully Snape.

  • They're made up of Sirius Black, Peter Pettigrew,

  • Remus Lupin, and James Potter.

  • All four boys are animagi, having learned how to transform

  • into animals so that Lupin wouldn't have to feel so bad

  • about being a werewolf which is pretty sweet actually.

  • James eventually starts a relationship with Lily,

  • and it completely alienates Snape.

  • Though Snape is a proficient student,

  • even marking up a potions textbook under the alias

  • of the Half Blood prince, he's lonely.

  • I mean, he was calling himself the Half Blood Prince

  • it doesn't take a genius to see

  • that someone like that is lonely.

  • In his isolation he turns to Lord Voldemort

  • becoming one of his Death Eaters.

  • Conversely, Lily and the Marauders joined

  • the Order of the Phoenix to stand against the dark lord.

  • Sirius Black brother Regulus Black

  • also becomes a Death Eater.

  • He's a loyal servant to Voldemort until the Dark Lord

  • uses Regulus's hous elf, Creature, for a trial run

  • on a horcrux challenge.

  • Voldemort hides Salazar Slytherin's locket

  • in the seaside cave from his childhood

  • protected by a poisonous potion

  • that he makes the elf drink.

  • Upon learning this, Regulus and creature go back

  • to the cave and steal the locket.

  • They leave behind a fake locket with a hidden note inside,

  • presumably saying you got pranked

  • underneath whatever the actual note said.

  • But Regulus is killed by Inferi.

  • Creature takes the real locket back

  • to the Black Family's ancestral home

  • but he's incapable of destroying it.

  • In 1979, at the height of Lord Voldemort's powers,