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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: A deal after decades of diplomatic dead ends. That`s what we`re going to jump in today on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • This particular deal involves Iran`s controversial nuclear program.

  • The program has been a source of international concern for decades.

  • Iran says it only wants to use nuclear power for peaceful purposes.

  • Other countries believe Iran could use the program to make nuclear weapons.

  • For the past several weeks there have been negotiations between Iran and what`s called the P5+1.

  • They are countries, the U.S., U.K., Russia, China, France and Germany.

  • There have been ten years of attempted negotiations over Iran`s nuclear program.

  • This is the first time there has ever been an agreement.

  • And it`s not a long lasting one: six months. So, this is more of a preliminary deal.

  • Iran will make some changes to its nuclear program, and in return some of the economic sanctions, punishments that were used against Iran by the international community will ease up.

  • Some people are critical of this. A Democratic U.S. senator says the deal favors Iran more than other countries.

  • A Republican Senator thinks it sets a bad precedent for other countries.

  • One analyst thinks that this deal can only be considered successful if it leads to a bigger agreement down the road, but he says reaching a deal was extraordinary.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: In Geneva, a historic deal is struck.

  • BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: For the first time in nearly a decade we have halted the progress of the Iranian nuclear program. And key parts of the program will be rolled back.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Designed to block Iran from ever building a nuclear weapon.

  • OBAMA: These are substantial limitations, which will help prevent Iran from building a nuclear weapon.

  • Simply put, they cut off Iran`s most likely path to a bomb.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: After weeks of intense talks between Iran and six world powers in Geneva, crippling economic sanctions on Iran will be eased in all about $7 billion in relief.

  • In exchange, Iran agreed to halt enrichment of uranium above five percent, well below weapons grade

  • and to dilute or convert its current stockpile of enriched uranium so it cannot be used for a weapon.

  • Iran also agreed to stop building or operating its Arak heavy water reactor, a second potential path to a bomb.

  • And Iran promised to be more open allowing intrusive daily monitoring of its nuclear program.

  • In answer to a question from CNN Iran`s foreign minister Javad Zarif said the deal gave Iran what it has long sought, formal recognition of its freedom to a peaceful nuclear program.

  • (on camera): Some Iranian officials are claiming that right has been recognized. You say the program has been recognized.

  • The White House says there is no formal recognition of a right to enrich. How did you square that circle?

  • MOHAMMAD JAVAD ZARIF, IRANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER: The current ton of action as we call it in two distinct places has a very clear reference to the fact that Iranian enrichment program will continue and will be a part of any agreement, now and in the future.

  • (voice over): Israeli`s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, however, was sharply critical of the deal calling it "a historic mistake"

  • BENJAMIN NETANYAHU, ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER: Iran is taking only cosmetic steps which it could reverse easily within a few weeks, and in return sanctions that took years to put in place are going to be eased.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Secretary Kerry offered these assurances to America`s closest ally in the region.

  • JOHN KERRY, U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE: The next step requires prove certain, a fail/safe set of steps, which eliminate the current prospect of a breakout and a creation of a nuclear weapon.

  • AZUZ: We`re getting close to Thanksgiving. This is one of the busiest time of the year for travel.

  • AAA estimates that around 43.4 million Americans will fly or drive at least 50 miles away from their homes for the holiday.

  • Something to put a damper on some of those travel plans, the weather. Heavy winter storm is making its way across the country.

  • At least five people have been killed in traffic crashes caused by the storm.

  • Once it gets to the East Coast, this weather system could keep Thanksgiving temperatures 15 to 20 degrees below normal.

  • Forecasters predict it will reach the Atlantic states by tonight or tomorrow. It`s already had an impact on the western half of the U.S.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Already, the west has been hammered by severe weather from icy road conditions in Oklahoma City to flooding in Arizona and California and snow in Nevada.

  • Now, the weather out west has been difficult and dangerous.

  • In California alone, strong winds downed trees and power lines in the San Francisco Bay area.

  • High winds are also being blamed for stocking the wildfire in Napa County.

  • And a man had to be pulled from the fast moving water of the Santa Ana River after a massive downpour in the San Bernardino Valley.

  • Plus, the system is expected to move east just in time for peak Thanksgiving travel.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for "The Shoutout."

  • Which of these organization regulates the U.S. aviation industry?

  • If you think you know it, then shout it out!

  • Is it the FCC, UAW, SEC or FAA?

  • You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • The FAA, the Federal Aviation Administration oversees the airline industry.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • AZUZ: The FAA is in charge of airport safety. It runs the air traffic control system. It certifies the planes we fly in.

  • One thing it doesn`t do, is decide whether we can use our cell phone on these planes.

  • That`s an FCC, Federal Communications Commission, rule. And it might be about to change.

  • And it might be about to change. An FCC proposal would allow cell phone calls while the plane is at a certain altitude.

  • This is not a done deal. The commission has to have a final vote, and then individual airlines could decide whether or not to allow it.

  • But you have thoughts on this, and we want to know them.

  • If you`re already on Facebook, you can talk to us at facebook.com/cnnstudentnews, or if you`re 13 or older, you can share your thoughts on our blog, at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • Savannah Day is 14 years old. She lives in Virginia, and she`ll be in Cincinnati, Ohio for Christmas.

  • But not visiting family. She`s going there for brain surgery.

  • Savannah has been thinking about the people she`ll be with in the hospital, the other patients, and what she`s doing for them is why she`s today`s "Character Study."

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The nerves build and build for Savannah Day, before each cheer competition.

  • SAVANNAH DAY, PREPARING FOR BRAIN SURGERY: It gets your nerves up, definitely.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: She`s focused on the here and now at the Richmond Coliseum, but lingering along is what`s going to happen next month in Cincinnati.

  • S. DAY: Well, we all know it at cheer practice, and my mom told me that I would have to have brain surgery a few days before Christmas, and I would be in the hospital until the day after Christmas.

  • MICHELLE DAY, MOTHER: Chiari malformation. It`s basically where the brain has actually grown down into the spinal canal, and it`s actually blocking the spinal fluid from going in and out of the brain.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: At her final cheer competition before surgery, Savannah is doing more than cheering.

  • S. DAY: I just think about the toy drive, and all that helps me get through it.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: These toys the family collected Sunday will be added to a growing pile in Savannah`s basement.

  • Her family has collected more than 1,500 toys since they found out about the surgery.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s crazy, it`s like a toy factory.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: And they will give them all to the more than 500 kids who`ll spend Christmas with them in the Cincinnati Children`s Hospital.

  • M. DAY: It`s going to be I think amazing, and I think it`s going to be very rewarding. I think Savannah is going to go into surgery on such a high note.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The high note`s Sunday, Savannah`s final performance before the surgery.

  • After the routine, you can see what it meant to Savannah.

  • M. DAY: You know, she smiles every day. There`s been very few tears shed at our house.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: For a 14-year-old who thinks of others in one of her toughest moments.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Leave it all out on the mat (ph).

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This moment will help her push through to December.

  • AZUZ: A lot of schools are off this week, but we know a few that aren`t, and three of them are in today`s roll call.

  • We`ll start in Erie, Pennsylvania, where the Trojans from McDowell High School are watching us.

  • Staying in the Keystone State with the Elizabeth Forward Warriors from Elizabeth, Pennsylvania.

  • And we`re heading west to catch up with the Wolves from Estrella Foothills High in Goodyear, Arizona.

  • For our last story today, we`re going deep, like underground deep.

  • This cathedral is more than 300 feet underground, and that is not even the most interesting thing about it.

  • It`s made entirely out of salt.

  • The figures, the altars, the chandeliers, all made from rock salt and salt crystals.

  • It makes sense, since the cathedral was carved out of a salt mine.

  • It took three miners 67 years to do this.

  • Three quarters of a century on one project. It`s just mine over matter.

  • And they probably peppered it in with their other work. It certainly spiced up their days.

  • And the finished product, well, you salt how impressive it was.

  • Back tomorrow with more puns and more CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: A deal after decades of diplomatic dead ends. That`s what we`re going to jump in today on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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November 25, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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