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  • (upbeat music)

  • - I remember when I was a baby,

  • I would go out every day

  • and play outside.

  • - Granddad I can't play on the street,

  • there's like a million cars out there.

  • - I would just go outside and play with the cars.

  • - Mom, grandad's going strange again.

  • She said this would happen.

  • - Uh-oh!

  • - What?

  • - Accident.

  • - Ah, ah.

  • - I would prefer it if you didn't tell anyone

  • about my situation here.

  • - So disgusting.

  • Would you like a towel or something for the-

  • - Um, actually Timmy a new pair of pants would be better.

  • (upbeat music)

  • - Every time I as you a question,

  • write your answer in your notes.

  • Then at the end of the video

  • write your notes in the comments.

  • First, of course you probably know this one,

  • this is when you make softer, more polite questions

  • or requests.

  • If I am at a pancake restaurant

  • and the waiter wants to offer me more pancakes,

  • what's his question?

  • Do you want more pancakes?

  • A waiter should be polite, formal, right?

  • So he won't say do you want, no.

  • Would you like more pancakes?

  • Yes please, all of them.

  • So with offers or requests,

  • changing want to would like,

  • it just sounds softer, more polite,

  • more (kissing sound effect).

  • Actually we can make this more polite.

  • Lets add the word mind.

  • Give me a lift to the station.

  • To give someone a lift,

  • that means to take someone in your car,

  • drive them to a place.

  • In this case she wants a lift to the train station.

  • Usually, if you have a request you want to be polite.

  • So she should change this to would

  • and the word mind, it sounds much more polite.

  • Would you mind give me a lift?

  • Okay there is one problem here.

  • With this expression, would you mind,

  • you need to change that verb to an ING,

  • an ING form.

  • Would you mind giving me a lift?

  • That sounds much better, much more polite.

  • If he wants to say yes that's okay,

  • he can reply no, I don't mind.

  • So again do you mind or would you mind,

  • it just means is it a problem?

  • So his answer no, it's not a problem.

  • No, I don't mind.

  • Your first question,

  • think of a polite request that you want to ask someone.

  • Use the word would in your request.

  • Remember write all your answers

  • in your notes, then at the end of the video

  • write those notes in the comments and I'll reply.

  • Lets meditate.

  • You ready?

  • How else can we use would?

  • What does it mean?

  • Would?

  • It's the past of will, that's easy.

  • Okay so yes, but

  • how does that work?

  • Explain to me.

  • Okay so tomorrow I will go out,

  • but today I would stay at home.

  • No, see no, no high five for you.

  • That's not correct.

  • Okay as a past of will, let me explain.

  • Okay so when you're a child you have ideas

  • about when you're grown up,

  • what are you going to do?

  • So this kid is saying when I grow up

  • I will be an astronaut.

  • Okay so lets go to the future.

  • Okay now in the future this is him as an adult,

  • and he wants to say from a baby I knew

  • this was my future.

  • We talked about the future here,

  • but now he's referencing the past about the future,

  • if that makes sense.

  • So we change the future to a past.

  • How do we do that?

  • We change will to would.

  • So true story, for me,

  • when I was a child I thought I would be a magician.

  • To be honest I'm kind of disappointed

  • that I'm not a magician.

  • Question two for your notes,

  • when you were a child,

  • what did you think you would do as a grown up?

  • Another common way we use this is very British,

  • talking about the weather.

  • So you look outside your window,

  • you see a few clouds, some good sun.

  • Okay, I feel confident, I feel optimistic.

  • I think it will be sunny today, I think.

  • But this is England.

  • So you decide to wear shorts and a t-shirt.

  • But you forgot you live in England

  • and it rains all the time.

  • So now you're wet and you're cold

  • and very disappointed.

  • Why?

  • Because of a past thought.

  • So how can we express that?

  • Ugh, I thought it would be sunny today.

  • Again, it's a past thought about the future.

  • So would is not simply the past of will, no.

  • Think of it this way,

  • would, it's the future from the past.

  • Another way might be reported speech.

  • There's a party tonight

  • and you're wondering oh who's going to bring the beer?

  • And he remembers that he had a conversation

  • with his friend Becky.

  • She said this: "I'll bring the beer,"

  • but remember this is from the past,

  • so how does he report that speech?

  • Oh yeah Becky said she would bring the beer.

  • Or contract it, she said she'd bring the beer.

  • So again in reported speech you're bringing the future

  • from the past.

  • In that way it's okay to use would

  • as a past of will.

  • Because as you know, in reported speech

  • the verbs, they go back one form,

  • or one back in history.

  • Another way you can use would as a past of will

  • is in the negative.

  • You can use it to say that something

  • or someone refused to do something.

  • For example, in the morning you are trying to go to work,

  • so you get in your car (door closing),

  • but this happens.

  • (engine turning over)

  • Nothing.

  • The car won't start.

  • It refuses to start.

  • So when you finally arrive at work

  • you can tell your boss,

  • I'm sorry, I'm sorry I'm late,

  • I'm late I know, I'm sorry, I'm sorry.

  • The car wouldn't start,

  • I had to run.

  • So we changed the car won't start,

  • now it refuses to start,

  • to a past tense, before,

  • the car wouldn't start.

  • You can use this for other machines,

  • like I think my laptop's broken,

  • it won't turn on.

  • But yeah it means refused to do something.

  • Refused to work usually.

  • But lets us a human example.

  • You want to go to the cinema with your friend,

  • but your friend doesn't want to go.

  • So she goes to the cinema alone.

  • And she wants to say my friend refused to come with me.

  • Lets change this.

  • My friend wouldn't, now do we use to or no,

  • what do you think?

  • This is a motor verb, no to after this.

  • My friend wouldn't come with me.

  • Worst friends ever.

  • So question three?

  • I think three, I've already lost count.

  • The next question, if I ask my friend to send

  • me a photo of her new puppy

  • and she says yeah, yeah, yeah

  • I'll do it later, what did she say?

  • Write it in reported speech.

  • The next question, when was the last time

  • that your friend refused to join you

  • for an event or to something?

  • What happened?

  • Why?

  • Remember to use wouldn't in your answer.

  • Okay next we can use would to talk about

  • hypothetical or unreal events or situations.

  • This is also known as the second conditional.

  • You don't need to remember that,

  • but that's the name of this grammar.

  • I made a whole video about this grammar,

  • you can watch it by clicking here.

  • But basically it just means you're talking about

  • hypothetical situation, it's not real.

  • It's imaginary.

  • It's this one.

  • You imagine a different situation

  • for right now or the future.

  • You use would in this way.

  • If I had lots of money I would travel.

  • An imaginary situation, that verb is past,

  • if I had.

  • You mean present, but the verb is past.

  • If I had lots of money,

  • I would travel.

  • Another example, probably you are not in England right now,

  • but if you were in England right now,

  • you would eat English food, right?

  • Because English food is the best.

  • I'm kidding.

  • In England we don't eat English food, it's disgusting.

  • We eat your food.

  • But again, if you want a more complete explanation

  • of the second conditional of this grammar form

  • you can click here to watch that video.

  • Or if you feel confident in your notes,

  • here's the next question.

  • If you met your favorite person,

  • your favorite celebrity,

  • who would you meet?

  • What would you say?

  • What would you do?

  • Let me know.

  • Now also that grammar form

  • is very useful when giving advice

  • or giving recommendations.

  • An example,

  • she has to break up with her boyfriend today

  • and she needs advice.

  • She needs some suggestions,

  • some recommendations about how to do it.

  • I have to break up with John today,

  • should I do it by email?

  • Well her friend can offer advice,

  • can offer recommendations using would,

  • using that grammar form.

  • I'd do it face to face.

  • It removes the if I were you sentence.

  • So it sounds like and it feels like

  • you should blah, blah, blah,

  • but what she says is I would blah, blah, blah.

  • Also, side note, really?

  • If you have to break up with someone,

  • how would you do it?

  • People always say break up with someone face to face,

  • no, if someone broke up with me,

  • just be like I don't love you anymore, bye.

  • The next question is,

  • your friend has to break up with someone,

  • what would you do?

  • Give them advice, give them recommendations.