Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles (upbeat music) - I remember when I was a baby, I would go out every day and play outside. - Granddad I can't play on the street, there's like a million cars out there. - I would just go outside and play with the cars. - Mom, grandad's going strange again. She said this would happen. - Uh-oh! - What? - Accident. - Ah, ah. - I would prefer it if you didn't tell anyone about my situation here. - So disgusting. Would you like a towel or something for the- - Um, actually Timmy a new pair of pants would be better. (upbeat music) - Every time I as you a question, write your answer in your notes. Then at the end of the video write your notes in the comments. First, of course you probably know this one, this is when you make softer, more polite questions or requests. If I am at a pancake restaurant and the waiter wants to offer me more pancakes, what's his question? Do you want more pancakes? A waiter should be polite, formal, right? So he won't say do you want, no. Would you like more pancakes? Yes please, all of them. So with offers or requests, changing want to would like, it just sounds softer, more polite, more (kissing sound effect). Actually we can make this more polite. Lets add the word mind. Give me a lift to the station. To give someone a lift, that means to take someone in your car, drive them to a place. In this case she wants a lift to the train station. Usually, if you have a request you want to be polite. So she should change this to would and the word mind, it sounds much more polite. Would you mind give me a lift? Okay there is one problem here. With this expression, would you mind, you need to change that verb to an ING, an ING form. Would you mind giving me a lift? That sounds much better, much more polite. If he wants to say yes that's okay, he can reply no, I don't mind. So again do you mind or would you mind, it just means is it a problem? So his answer no, it's not a problem. No, I don't mind. Your first question, think of a polite request that you want to ask someone. Use the word would in your request. Remember write all your answers in your notes, then at the end of the video write those notes in the comments and I'll reply. Lets meditate. You ready? How else can we use would? What does it mean? Would? It's the past of will, that's easy. Okay so yes, but how does that work? Explain to me. Okay so tomorrow I will go out, but today I would stay at home. No, see no, no high five for you. That's not correct. Okay as a past of will, let me explain. Okay so when you're a child you have ideas about when you're grown up, what are you going to do? So this kid is saying when I grow up I will be an astronaut. Okay so lets go to the future. Okay now in the future this is him as an adult, and he wants to say from a baby I knew this was my future. We talked about the future here, but now he's referencing the past about the future, if that makes sense. So we change the future to a past. How do we do that? We change will to would. So true story, for me, when I was a child I thought I would be a magician. To be honest I'm kind of disappointed that I'm not a magician. Question two for your notes, when you were a child, what did you think you would do as a grown up? Another common way we use this is very British, talking about the weather. So you look outside your window, you see a few clouds, some good sun. Okay, I feel confident, I feel optimistic. I think it will be sunny today, I think. But this is England. So you decide to wear shorts and a t-shirt. But you forgot you live in England and it rains all the time. So now you're wet and you're cold and very disappointed. Why? Because of a past thought. So how can we express that? Ugh, I thought it would be sunny today. Again, it's a past thought about the future. So would is not simply the past of will, no. Think of it this way, would, it's the future from the past. Another way might be reported speech. There's a party tonight and you're wondering oh who's going to bring the beer? And he remembers that he had a conversation with his friend Becky. She said this: "I'll bring the beer," but remember this is from the past, so how does he report that speech? Oh yeah Becky said she would bring the beer. Or contract it, she said she'd bring the beer. So again in reported speech you're bringing the future from the past. In that way it's okay to use would as a past of will. Because as you know, in reported speech the verbs, they go back one form, or one back in history. Another way you can use would as a past of will is in the negative. You can use it to say that something or someone refused to do something. For example, in the morning you are trying to go to work, so you get in your car (door closing), but this happens. (engine turning over) Nothing. The car won't start. It refuses to start. So when you finally arrive at work you can tell your boss, I'm sorry, I'm sorry I'm late, I'm late I know, I'm sorry, I'm sorry. The car wouldn't start, I had to run. So we changed the car won't start, now it refuses to start, to a past tense, before, the car wouldn't start. You can use this for other machines, like I think my laptop's broken, it won't turn on. But yeah it means refused to do something. Refused to work usually. But lets us a human example. You want to go to the cinema with your friend, but your friend doesn't want to go. So she goes to the cinema alone. And she wants to say my friend refused to come with me. Lets change this. My friend wouldn't, now do we use to or no, what do you think? This is a motor verb, no to after this. My friend wouldn't come with me. Worst friends ever. So question three? I think three, I've already lost count. The next question, if I ask my friend to send me a photo of her new puppy and she says yeah, yeah, yeah I'll do it later, what did she say? Write it in reported speech. The next question, when was the last time that your friend refused to join you for an event or to something? What happened? Why? Remember to use wouldn't in your answer. Okay next we can use would to talk about hypothetical or unreal events or situations. This is also known as the second conditional. You don't need to remember that, but that's the name of this grammar. I made a whole video about this grammar, you can watch it by clicking here. But basically it just means you're talking about hypothetical situation, it's not real. It's imaginary. It's this one. You imagine a different situation for right now or the future. You use would in this way. If I had lots of money I would travel. An imaginary situation, that verb is past, if I had. You mean present, but the verb is past. If I had lots of money, I would travel. Another example, probably you are not in England right now, but if you were in England right now, you would eat English food, right? Because English food is the best. I'm kidding. In England we don't eat English food, it's disgusting. We eat your food. But again, if you want a more complete explanation of the second conditional of this grammar form you can click here to watch that video. Or if you feel confident in your notes, here's the next question. If you met your favorite person, your favorite celebrity, who would you meet? What would you say? What would you do? Let me know. Now also that grammar form is very useful when giving advice or giving recommendations. An example, she has to break up with her boyfriend today and she needs advice. She needs some suggestions, some recommendations about how to do it. I have to break up with John today, should I do it by email? Well her friend can offer advice, can offer recommendations using would, using that grammar form. I'd do it face to face. It removes the if I were you sentence. So it sounds like and it feels like you should blah, blah, blah, but what she says is I would blah, blah, blah. Also, side note, really? If you have to break up with someone, how would you do it? People always say break up with someone face to face, no, if someone broke up with me, just be like I don't love you anymore, bye. The next question is, your friend has to break up with someone, what would you do? Give them advice, give them recommendations.