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  • It's AumSum Time.

  • What causes diarrhea?

  • Intense love for restrooms.

  • Hahaha.

  • Diarrhea is a condition in which we frequently pass loose, watery stools.

  • Let's see some causes of diarrhea.

  • Firstly, during digestion bile acid produced by the liver.

  • Is absorbed by the small intestine.

  • However, in a condition called bile acid malabsorption.

  • The bile is not absorbed.

  • Hence, the bile enters the large intestine and begins to irritate its lining.

  • This stimulates the release of water and salts, thus producing watery stool.

  • Secondly, the function of our large intestine.

  • Is to contract and push the undigested food, and absorb excess water.

  • However, in a disorder called irritable bowel syndrome.

  • The large intestine doesn't contract normally.

  • It pushes the food too fast, affecting the absorption of water.

  • Thus leading to diarrhea.

  • Lastly, a harmful parasite called giardia also interrupts.

  • The process of absorption of water in our intestines, causing diarrhea.

  • What causes heartburn?

  • Jealousy.

  • No.

  • When we eat food, it passes through the esophagus and enters the stomach.

  • Here, the stomach acid begins to digest the food.

  • Now, the inner lining of the stomach is protected from the stomach acid.

  • With the help of mucus which is produced by special cells.

  • However, the stomach acid can sometimes flow back into the esophagus.

  • Causing irritation, as there are no special cells to protect it.

  • Hence, at the junction of esophagus and stomach.

  • A band of muscles called lower esophageal sphincter.

  • Or LES prevents this acid as well as chunks of food from flowing back.

  • However, when the LES abnormally relaxes or weakens.

  • The stomach acid is able to flow back into the esophagus.

  • Creating a burning sensation called heartburn.

  • Heartburn may also be caused due to the consumption of.

  • Alcohol, caffeine, chocolates, etc as they relax the LES.

  • Remember that spicy foods and citrus fruits irritate the esophageal lining.

  • And increase the production of stomach acid, thus worsening heartburn.

  • Topic: Kidney Stones.

  • What causes kidney stones?

  • Swallowing a stone?

  • No.

  • Our kidneys filter blood by removing waste from it in the form of urine.

  • Urine consists of water, urea, uric acid and ions.

  • Like calcium, sodium, oxalate and potassium.

  • However, when some of these constituents such as.

  • Uric acid, calcium and oxalate ions increase in the urine.

  • They bond together forming kidney stones or renal calculi.

  • One of the most common kidney stones is calcium oxalate.

  • So can I use it to build my house?

  • Oh.

  • Just listen.

  • Generally, the kidney stones are small.

  • Hence, they pass unnoticed through the urinary tract.

  • However, sometimes these stones become so big.

  • That they start to scratch walls of the urinary tract.

  • And may block the path of the urine, thus causing immense pain.

  • What causes heart attacks?

  • High electricity bills.

  • No.

  • A heart attack or myocardial infarction.

  • Is the complete blockage of blood flow to a part of the heart.

  • Causing its muscle cells to die.

  • Oh.

  • So sad.

  • A network of blood vessels called coronary arteries continuously supply.

  • Oxygenated blood to muscle cells of heart to keep them working properly.

  • However, due to bad lifestyle choices and stress.

  • Cholesterol and fats start building in these arteries.

  • Reducing blood flow to the muscle cells.

  • This buildup is called plaque.

  • Plaque is the main culprit behind most heart attacks.

  • So, shall we put plaque in jail?

  • Oh.

  • Just listen.

  • When plaque ruptures, a blood clot forms around it.

  • Causing the artery to get completely blocked.

  • The blood then cannot pass further to that part of the heart.

  • Thus, due to lack of oxygen, the muscle cells in that part die.

  • This condition is called a heart attack.

It's AumSum Time.

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B2 US acid diarrhea stomach kidney plaque bile

What causes Diarrhea? | #aumsum

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    AumSum posted on 2019/08/06
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