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  • If a picture is worth 1,000 words,

  • video can be even more valuable.

  • While in the past, citizens couldn't be sure a politician

  • was telling the truth -- -Well, I am not a crook.

  • -- they could trust the words captured on camera

  • that were said to begin with.

  • -I did not have sexual relations with that woman.

  • But seeing isn't always believing anymore.

  • Glenn didn't just say that -- I did.

  • False and misleading videos are circulated online,

  • spread by politicians, advocacy groups, and others,

  • and they're often viewed millions of times.

  • As the technology to manipulate video advances,

  • there's even more urgency to understand

  • what's real and what's fake.

  • -"The Fact Checker's" set out to develop a universal language

  • to hold creators and sharers of misleading video accountable.

  • This guide is intended to start a conversation.

  • To equip you with a new awareness

  • and a set of skills to detect fake video.

  • -We've grouped manipulated videos

  • into three broad categories.

  • The first category is missing context.

  • The video is unaltered, but is presented in a way

  • that lacks or misstates the context

  • in which events occurred.

  • Misrepresentation is using incorrect framing of a video

  • that misleads the viewer.

  • For example, Trump campaign adviser Katrina Pierson

  • shared this video to represent rockets being fired in Gaza,

  • but it was really filmed in Belarus, 2,000 miles away.

  • Isolation is sharing a brief clip from a larger video,

  • creating a false narrative, like when conservatives shared

  • that snippet of Representative Ilhan Omar,

  • making it sound like she downplayed the 9/11 attacks.

  • -Far too long we have lived with the discomfort

  • of being a second-class citizen, and, frankly, I'm tired of it,

  • and every single Muslim in this country should be tired of it.

  • CAIR was founded after 9/11

  • because they recognized that some people did something

  • and that all of us were starting to lose access

  • to our civil liberties.

  • -If the quote or video isn't being reported

  • by multiple verified news outlets,

  • it might be missing some important context.

  • The second category is the deceptive edit.

  • That means a video has been edited or re-arranged.

  • Omission is editing out large portions of a video

  • to skew reality.

  • A liberal activist group shared this edited video of Senator

  • Dianne Feinstein speaking to children about climate change

  • that makes her look cool and dismissive.

  • -We have our own Green New Deal. -Some scientists have said

  • that we have 12 years to turn this around.

  • Well, it's not going to get turned around in 10 years.

  • What we can do -- -Senator --

  • Splicing is editing videos together

  • to fundamentally change the story,

  • like when this conservative news outlet

  • combined two different interviews of then Democratic

  • congressional candidate Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez,

  • changing the meaning behind her answers.

  • -Do you have any knowledge whatsoever

  • about how our political system works?

  • -Mnh. -Yikes!

  • -If there seem to be gaps

  • or unexplained transitions in a video,

  • it may have been intentionally edited.

  • The third category is malicious transformation.

  • The video has been manipulated to transform the footage itself.

  • Doctoring is altering the frames of a video, cropping,

  • or changing the speed, using Photoshop, dubbing audio,

  • or adding or deleting visual information

  • in order to deceive the viewer.

  • For example, this video of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi

  • was slowed down to make her look drunk.

  • -Fabrication is using artificial intelligence

  • to make high-quality fake images.

  • This includes deepfakes, like the video of Mark Zuckerberg

  • created using artificial intelligence

  • to make him say things that he never said.

  • Whoever controls the data controls the future.

  • Inconsistencies around someone's face,

  • like weird coloring or blurring,

  • as well as limited or no blinking,

  • could mean it's a deepfake video.

  • If someone's voice sounds a little low or their hands

  • are moving too quickly or their face just looks off,

  • the video might have been manipulated.

  • By labeling these types of video,

  • we hope to create awareness

  • that not all video shared online can be taken as a fact.

  • We expect this list will grow as new categories

  • of false video emerge.

  • Online users should show more skepticism

  • before believing that a viral video really happened.

  • And politicians and public figures have a responsibility

  • to be more careful about what they share

  • on their social-media feeds.

  • As technology develops, these videos will only become

  • more and more common and more convincing.

  • To speak on behalf of the American people

  • and to address their concerns, their hopes, and their dreams.

  • So, if you see something weird on your Twitter feed or Facebook

  • or Instagram, don't hesitate to e-mail us.

If a picture is worth 1,000 words,

Subtitles and keywords

B1 INT US video manipulated shared edited category false

How to spot manipulated video | The Fact Checker

  • 311 8
    Jessieeee   posted on 2019/06/26
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