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  • In 2019, humanity received a warning:

  • 30 of the world's leading scientists released the results

  • of a massive three-year study into global agriculture

  • and declared that meat production is destroying our planet

  • and jeopardizing global health.

  • One of the study's authors explained

  • that "humanity now poses a threat to the stability of the planet ...

  • [This requires] nothing less than a new global agricultural revolution."

  • As somebody who's spent the last two decades

  • advocating a shift away from industrial meat production,

  • I wanted to believe that this clarion call was going to make a difference.

  • The thing is, I've seen this sort of thing again and again and again for decades.

  • Here's 2018 from the journal "Nature,"

  • 2017 from "Bioscience Journal,"

  • 2016 from the National Academy of Sciences.

  • The main point of these studies tends to be climate change.

  • But antibiotic resistance represents just as big of a threat.

  • We are feeding massive doses of antibiotics to farm animals.

  • These antibiotics are then mutating into superbugs

  • that threaten to render antibiotics obsolete

  • within all of our lifetimes.

  • You want a scare?

  • Google: "the end of working antibiotics."

  • I'm going to get one thing out of the way:

  • I am not here to tell anybody what to eat.

  • Individual action is great,

  • but antibiotic resistance and climate change --

  • they require more.

  • Besides, convincing the world to eat less meat hasn't worked.

  • For 50 years, environmentalists, global health experts and animal activists

  • have been begging the public to eat less meat.

  • And yet, per capita meat consumption

  • is as high as it's been in recorded history.

  • The average North American last year ate more than 200 pounds of meat.

  • And I didn't eat any.

  • (Laughter)

  • Which means somebody out there ate 400 pounds of meat.

  • (Laughter)

  • On our current trajectory,

  • we're going to need to be producing 70 to 100 percent more meat by 2050.

  • This requires a global solution.

  • What we need to do is we need to produce the meat that people love,

  • but we need to produce it in a whole new way.

  • I've got a couple of ideas.

  • Idea number one: let's grow meat from plants.

  • Instead of growing plants, feeding them to animals,

  • and all of that inefficiency,

  • let's grow those plants, let's biomimic meat with them,

  • let's make plant-based meat.

  • Idea number two: for actual animal meat,

  • let's grow it directly from cells.

  • Instead of growing live animals, let's grow the cells directly.

  • It takes six weeks to grow a chicken to slaughter weight.

  • Grow the cells directly, you can get that same growth

  • in six days.

  • This is what that looks like at scale.

  • It's your friendly neighborhood meat brewery.

  • (Laughter)

  • I want to make two points about this.

  • The first one is, we believe we can do it.

  • In recent years, some companies have been producing meat from plants

  • that consumers cannot distinguish from actual animal meat,

  • and there are now dozens of companies growing actual animal meat

  • directly from cells.

  • This plant-based and cell-based meat

  • gives consumers everything that they love about meat --

  • the taste, the texture and so on --

  • but with no need for antibiotics

  • and with a fraction of the adverse impact on the climate.

  • And because these two technologies are so much more efficient,

  • at production scale

  • these products will be cheaper.

  • But one quick point about that --

  • it's not going to be easy.

  • These plant-based companies have spent small fortunes on their burgers,

  • and cell-based meat has not yet been commercialized at all.

  • So we're going to need all hands on deck

  • to make these the global meat industry.

  • For starters, we need the present meat industry.

  • We don't want to disrupt the meat industry,

  • we want to transform it.

  • We need their economies of scale,

  • their global supply chain, their marketing expertise

  • and their massive consumer base.

  • We also need governments.

  • Governments spend tens of billions of dollars every single year

  • on research and development

  • focused on global health and the environment.

  • They should be putting some of that money into optimizing and perfecting

  • the production of plant-based and cell-based meat.

  • Look, tens of thousands of people died from antibiotic-resistant superbugs

  • in North America just last year.

  • By 2050, that number is going to be 10 million per year globally.

  • And climate change represents an existential threat

  • to huge portions of our global family,

  • including some of the poorest people on the face of the planet.

  • Climate change, antibiotic resistance -- these are global emergencies.

  • Meat production is exacerbating these emergencies on a global scale.

  • But we are not going to decrease meat consumption

  • unless we give consumers alternatives

  • that cost the same or less and that taste the same or better.

  • We have the solution.

  • Let's make meat from plants. Let's grow it directly from cells.

  • It's past time that we mobilize the resources that are necessary

  • to create the next global agricultural revolution.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

In 2019, humanity received a warning:

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B1 US TED meat global antibiotic plant based global health

【TED】Bruce Friedrich: The next global agricultural revolution (The next global agricultural revolution | Bruce Friedrich)

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    林宜悉 posted on 2019/06/19
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