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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: The month of October is coming to a close, by a new week of CNN STUDENT NEWS is just getting started.

  • Hello, everyone. I`m Carl Azuz.

  • On Friday, we talked about a controversy surrounding the NSA, the U.S. National Security Agency.

  • A lot of this goes back to a man named Edward Snowden.

  • He was a contractor who worked for the NSA.

  • Earlier this year, he leaked information about secret NSA programs.

  • Snowden fled to Russia to avoid U.S. prosecution.

  • The documents detailed how the U.S. intercepted and collected phone and email data of Americans.

  • There`ve also been accusations of spying on foreign leaders.

  • White House officials say the surveillance activities are necessary to combat threats against the U.S. and its allies.

  • Lisa Monaco is an advisor to President Obama on issues of homeland security and counterterrorism.

  • She says the president has ordered a review of government surveillance programs.

  • Monaco says, "We want to ensure that we are collecting information because we need it, and not just because we can.

  • But meanwhile, some members of Congress, both Democrats and Republicans are speaking out against NSA programs.

  • They are proposing a law to limit the amount of data that NSA can collect.

  • This weekend, a protest outside the U.S. Capitol pushed for the same goal.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Organizers say, this rally is significant because it`s the largest one yet protesting mass surveillance by the NSA.

  • And Edward Snowden, the whistleblower who opened up the entire controversy earlier this year, made a contribution to it.

  • He provided the statement that was read by a representative at the rally. Take a listen.

  • JESSELYN RADACK, GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT: We have not forgotten the Fourth Amendment in our Bill of Rights prohibits government

  • not only from searching our personal affects without a warrant, but from seizing them, in the first place.

  • And doing so in secret.

  • Holding to this principle, we declare that mass surveillance has no place in this country.

  • RADACK: It is time for a reform.

  • Elections are coming and we are vouching you.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Now, it`s important to know that these protesters were engaging over the domestic piece of this,

  • data collection from the personal devices or private citizens here in the United States.

  • Now, Hillary Clinton said in remarks on Friday night that she understands the frustration over this kind of intrusion,

  • and thinks there ought to be a bigger conversation about why the United States practices these kinds of techniques.

  • Now, on a broader scale, the White House is also facing heat from other countries, especially our allies over surveillance of foreign leaders,

  • and they have tried to come tensions over that.

  • ANNOUNCER: See if you can I.D. me.

  • I`m a geographic feature that covers more than 2 million square miles.

  • I`m located in South America.

  • And I share my names with one of the longest rivers in the world.

  • I`m the Amazon rainforest.

  • And I`m home to millions of plant and animal species.

  • AZUZ: That includes hundreds of newly discovered species.

  • Over the past four years, scientists have been identifying different plants and animals in the Amazon.

  • The Worldwide Life Fund just put out a list of 441 new species from there that were unknown to scientists before now.

  • The list includes 258 plants, like one with filaments that looked like spaghetti.

  • 84 fish, 58 amphibians including a for that`s the size of a thumbnail, 22 reptiles, 18 birds and one mammal.

  • That would be this little guy. It`s a monkey that scientists say purrs like a cat.

  • You`ve also got a piranha (ph), but it`s a herbivore, it refuses to eat meat,

  • and these lizards might have colorful heads, but their names come from their shy nature and their tendency to hide under or between rocks.

  • Just a few of the Amazon`s incredible examples of biodiversity,

  • 22 NFL teams took the field yesterday, but those National Football League games didn`t happen in the same nation.

  • The San Francisco 49ers and Jacksonville Jaguars headed over to London.

  • The teams faced off in Wembley Stadium, home of the England national soccer team.

  • This wasn`t the first NFL game in England this year.

  • In fact, London`s been hosting American football games since 2007.

  • Yesterday, the 49ers got the W beating up on the Jaguars 42 to ten.

  • But the NFL is hoping that with this international games, the ultimate winners will be football and its fans outside the U.S.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think that it would work out well here.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It will be pretty cool.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think it is possible in future.

  • ALEX THOMAS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We`ve heard favorable noises from players, coaches and even team owners,

  • as the success of the NFL`s international series of games in London points to a full time overseas franchise.

  • JOHN YORK, NFL INTERNATIONAL SERIES COMMITTEE: I think it is possible in the future, but I don`t believe that I can predict that future today.

  • What can I say is that we`re doing two games this year, and it`s completely sold out.

  • THOMAS: Which is why Wembley could be crucial to the NFL`s expansion plans.

  • Amid fears that revenues in America are reaching their pick, London is seen as a gateway to an exciting new European market.

  • GUR SAMUEL, JOURNALIST, NFL: They don`t see it as 60 million Brits, but all the 400 million Europeans that could be telling its NFL funds.

  • When you think of it in terms of the soar of numbers, it`s absolutely easy to understand why they want a presence there.

  • THOMAS: One key question is, can an NFL franchise in London sell out Wembley every day?

  • In theory, people from all over Europe would come here, but crucially, a team would need to build a loyal fan based locally.

  • YORK: If you go back to that first game, the fans came from a very large area, away from London.

  • Each game that has gotten tighter and tighter,

  • so that almost 80 to 90 percent of fans are from the greater London area,

  • which supports the idea that you could do something in the London area.

  • THOMAS: Even if there were enough fans, players may not want to move abroad, and the distance to London will be an issue.

  • Even the East Coast franchises like the Patriots, Jets, Giants and Dolphins, it`s a long road trip.

  • With flights taking up to eight and a quarter hours.

  • However, teams in this super rugby competition, have successfully handled far longer distances.

  • Cape Town`s Auckland is a flight of more than 17.5 hours.

  • COBUS VISAGIE, FORMER SUPER RUGBY PLAYER: It basically is about drinking a lot of fluids on the flights,

  • making sure that you sleep at the right time, and I`m sure that all sports, signs, the teams

  • that are now consulting into the top sports teams with - basically, you get a team very well prepared for that.

  • BLAIR WALSH, MINNESOTA VIKINGS KICKER: I think the travel team we have to be sound - that (ph)be figured out, man.

  • Maybe if you make a base in the northeast of the United States or something, but - I think it could work.

  • ANNOUNCER: It`s time for "The Shoutout."

  • Wendell Scott was the first African-American to win what?

  • If you think you know it, then shout it out!

  • Was it, NFL MVP, NASCAR premier event, Cy Young Award or Conn Smythe Trophy.

  • You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • In 1963, Scott became the first African-American to win a NASCAR premier series event.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your "Shoutout."

  • AZUZ: Wendell Scott was the first African-American to win a race at NASCAR`s top level and for 50 years,

  • he was the only African-American to win a national series event.

  • That is until this past weekend.

  • NASCAR`s World Truck series hit Martinsville speedway on Saturday and that`s where Darrell Wallace Jr. took home the checkered flag.

  • Wallace is 20 years old, he is a graduate of NASCAR`s Drive for Diversity program,

  • which aims to give minorities opportunities in all aspects of the racing industry.

  • NASCAR`s chairman said that Wallace`s win, "will be remembered as a remarkable moment in our sport`s history."

  • The driver put it more succinctly on his Twitter account after the race: "We came, we saw, we conquered."

  • We`re trying to come up with themes for our "Roll Call" segment.

  • Some days it happens, quickly, other times like today, it can be a real bear.

  • And that`s the theme, starting with the bears from Manalapan English Town Middle School in New Jersey.

  • Next, we`re heading up to Hortonville, Wisconsin, to check in with the polar bears from Hortonville School

  • and out in Los Angeles, we`ve got the Kodiaks (ph) from Widney High.

  • There you go, a "Roll Call" theme brought to bear.

  • There are two skills to master when it comes to eating stone crabs.

  • How to crack the crab and how to pick it clean.

  • People at this event needed to add a third skill: speed. It`s a stone crab claw eating contest.

  • 25 claws cracked and consumed as fast as you can.

  • There`s one event for teams, one for individuals.

  • The solo winner took down the 25 claws in just over 17.5 minutes.

  • But hopefully, all the contestants had a good time, so there is no claws for anyone to go home crabby.

  • Hey, do you know what one milk crab to the other milk crab when the female crab walked away?

  • Shell be back! Those are long way to go.

  • Either way, we`ll be back tomorrow with more CNN STUDENT NEWS. See you all then.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: The month of October is coming to a close, by a new week of CNN STUDENT NEWS is just getting started.

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October 28, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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