Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Adverb Phrase six. The adverb phrase today is per se. All right. Let's take a look at the note here. Per se basically means by itself or in itself or in or of itself. Something like that. It is used about the qualities of something on its own. On its own considered separately from other things. So now originally comes from Latin. So let's continue with the note here. In Latin \"per' means by or through and 'se' means itself himself/herself or themselves. So that's the reflexive part. So that's why in English, when we say 'per se' in most cases it means by itself or in itself. Okay. Let's look at several examples here. It is not what he said per se. So it's not maybe actually the words that he said or the words that he used but it was his attitude that got him in trouble. So it's not the words by themselves that he used but his whole attitude got him in trouble. Okay. Let's look at number two. It is not the job per se. So it's not the job by itself. Like I might not mind doing this job or that person might not mind doing the job per se that I don't like but the fact that I would have to work the graveyard shift is the reason I refused it. Remember the graveyard shift that's the shift at one o'clock, two three. four in the morning. The person didn't want to do that. They didn't mind the job. They didn't mind you know the work that you had to do in that job. But they just didn't want to work that late shift. So it's not the job per se but the fact that you had to do ... you know, the time that you had to work was not suitable for them. Okay. And the last one here. It is not his acting ability per se. So it's not his acting ability by itself maybe his acting ability is good enough you know, as an actor for the part but the fact that he is not suitable for the part. Maybe they just wanted a different person or a different-looking person. Okay. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope it's clear. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.