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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome! Thanks for spending part of (inaudible) with CNN STUDENT NEWS. We`re jumping right in today.

  • German chancellor Angela Merkel says spying among friends is never acceptable.

  • In this case, the friends she`s talking about is the U.S. government.

  • This involves an organization called the NSA, the National Security Agency.

  • Its mission is to help defend the country.

  • Part of the way it does that, according to the NSA website, is to gather information that America`s enemies want to keep secret.

  • Germany, France and Mexico aren`t considered enemies.

  • They are allies. Usually, the U.S. communicated with them through diplomacy, direct communications.

  • But the NSA has been accused of spying on all three, eavesdropping on cell phones, hacking emails.

  • Chancellor Merkel says the U.S. needs to reestablish trust.

  • JIM SCIUTTO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: One more day, one more revelation of alleged U.S. spying on the close ally.

  • This time, Germany said it received information the NSA monitored the personal cell phone of German leader Angela Merkel.

  • Signaling the seriousness of the charge, Chancellor Merkel and President Obama personally spoke about the issue on the telephone.

  • JAY CARNEY, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: I can tell you that the president assured the chancellor that the United States is not monitoring, and will not monitor the communications of the chancellor.

  • The United States greatly values our close cooperation with Germany on a broad range of shared security challenges.

  • SCIUTTO: The White House didn`t specify, however, if such monitoring had taken place in the past.

  • On Monday, it was France revealed to be in the crosshairs of the NSA.

  • The French newspaper "Le Monde" reporting that in the 30 days from December 10th, 2012,

  • the January 8, 2013, the NSA allegedly intercepted over 70 million phone calls in France.

  • And that would be nearly 3 million intercepts per day.

  • The director of National Intelligence said in the statement that report was false, though didn`t specify how.

  • By then, the French foreign minister had already blasted the American policy of widespread surveillance.

  • LAURENT FABIUS, FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTER (through translation): This kind of practice is between partners that violate privacy are totally unacceptable.

  • SCIUTTO: Documents released by Edward Snowden have now revealed NSA surveillance of the communications of a long list of close U.S. allies,

  • including Germany, England, Brazil, Mexico and the European Union.

  • (on camera): When you look at America`s soft power, its message and its relationships with these countries, how embarrassing is this?

  • P.J. CROWLEY, FORMER STATE DEPT. SPOKESMAN: It`s always awkward.

  • I mean what you have here is the situation where either as someone seized the hand in the cookie jar or a strong evidence the hand has been in the cookie jar.

  • Every time this happens, it`s going to be awkward conversations.

  • SCIUTTO: When each of these surveillance cases is broken, involving American allies, the administration has made two points --

  • one, that all countries spy on each other and two, that they are conducting a review of this surveillance to get a better balance between security concerns and privacy concerns,

  • but the administration has yet to say what that review has found or what changes it may bring.

  • Jim Sciutto, CNN, Washington.

  • ANNOUNCER: Is this legit?

  • The autumnal equinox is the shortest day of the year.

  • Not true. The shortest day when there is the least amount of day light is the winter solstice.

  • AZUZ: The solstice marks the start of winter.

  • In the Northern Hemisphere that happens on December 21st, but the thermostat isn`t waiting for the calendar in some parts of the U.S.

  • "The Farmer`s Almanac" predicted a bitterly cold winter. It seems like it`s starting early.

  • Grab the winter coats, shovels and ice scrapers.

  • The season`s first (inaudible) is on its way.

  • A blast of brisk winter-like temperature swept over Boston`s Fenway part, just in time for game one of the World Series.

  • The opening pitch slicing through 48 degree air, making it the third coldest start to the fall classic.

  • A surge of cold air from Canada will sweep across the Great Lakes region, triggering lake-effect snow and frigid temperatures, just in time for the weekend.

  • As much as a foot of snow could fall in New York State, just east of Lake Ontario.

  • Charleston, West Virginia is gearing up for the impending snowfall.

  • While residents in Ohio and shoppers in Wisconsin fled from the flurries.

  • Meanwhile, residence down south are keeping their eye on the first hard freeze of the season, bad news for farmers and their crops.

  • Frigid temperatures are expected to coat several states with frost from Missouri, across to the Carolinas.

  • As the system moves east, a taste of winter before trick-or-treaters even hit the streets.

  • ANNOUNCER: It`s time for "The Shoutout."

  • Which of this is considered the "stress hormone?"

  • If you think you know it, then shout it out!

  • Is it Cortisol, testosterone, insulin or serotonin.

  • You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • Cortisol is the human body`s primary stress hormone.

  • It can increase in times of physical or psychological stress.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your "Shoutout."

  • AZUZ: Some of you might get an extra cortisol kick over the next couple of weeks if you`re registered to take the ACT or the SATs,

  • whether we are talking about major standardized tasks or exams in your regular classes.

  • There is just no need for a number two pencil to be a number one cause of stress.

  • Is it a coincidence that test and stress rhyme?

  • Neither is much fun.

  • But you can make test-taking a little less stress-making by following a few tips:

  • first, expect a little stress.

  • That doesn`t sound like much help, but look, the test is important to you, you want to do well, a little nervousness is natural.

  • Don`t let that psyche you out.

  • Just focus on what you showed up to do and remember that it can`t last forever.

  • Speaking of showing up, do that a little early.

  • Don`t be rushed getting to the test location.

  • It will up your stress before you arrive.

  • The night before the test, make sure you have your stuff packed, gas in the car, the right bus schedule or a dependable ride.

  • You`ll have fewer problems getting to the test venue and getting focused.

  • Before you walk out that door, though, have something to eat, and yes, I`m preaching fruits and vegetables:

  • heavy foods with a lot of fat can slow you down.

  • So pizza is out, but a bagel and some fruit are in.

  • Chocolate and soda are out, but egg whites and orange juice are in.

  • And if you are allowed, bring a banana or a granola bar to the test.

  • A quiet contended stomach can equal a more focused brain.

  • So can sleep, and this is back by science, when people are tired, they are less patient. You need patience for an exam.

  • When people are tired, they are easily annoyed, and exam is annoying enough.

  • Finally, take a few quiet moments to yourself before test time,

  • whether you are praying, taking deep breaths or calmly and quietly visualizing total exam domination,

  • you are conditioning your mind for the task ahead, and that will help you leave some stress behind.

  • All right, from yesterday, an undefeated high school football team beat a winless team 91 to zero.

  • One parent complained is a form of bullying.

  • A vast majority of our viewers on Facebook do not agree.

  • Shawn asks, "What does winning a football game have to do with bullying?

  • People need to learn the difference between bullying and success."

  • From Jonathan, "The winning team`s coach did what was right. He took his starters out and had a running clock. It was not bullying. It`s part of the game."

  • Emily says, "The victorious team was simply doing what they know how to do: play football. I don`t understand how this would be considered bullying."

  • Shonda asks, did anyone consider that the winning team did not run up the score, but maybe the losing team gave up?"

  • Cameron says, "I think it`s poor sportsmanship to keep scoring when the game is already over."

  • And Eli writes, "If the winning team tried to prove that they were the best, the overdid it."

  • From Jason, "Society is teaching fairness and everyone wins. I`m sorry, life does not work that way. Life does not let up. Life does not have ties."

  • One in Virginia plus two in Georgia ads up to the three schools in today`s "Roll Call."

  • Princess Anne High. Hi, and hello to the Cavaliers in Virginia Beach.

  • Our first stop in Georgia is in Austel, with the Eagles from South Cobb High School.

  • Then we head over to Peach Tree City to catch up with my McIntosh High School Chiefs.

  • David (inaudible) decided to take a bahabi (ph) during his hobby.

  • He`s knitting while running a marathon. He started doing both separately a few years ago.

  • He combined them after he decided that each can get a little tedious on its own.

  • Tedious plus tedious equals excitement.

  • We`ll leave that up to him. Either way, last Saturday, (inaudible) set a new world record, the longest scarf knitted while running a marathon.

  • So, how do you need a long scarf during the marathon? You put one foot in from of the other.

  • The achievement definitely moves them up to the first string, and the story makes for a good yarn.

  • Everyone should know about it, rather than keeping a close-knit secret.

  • When he finished the race, he was probably starving and scarfed up any food he could see.

  • He might have been needled about this double hobby before, but no one can knit pick now.

  • We`ve got our resources to come up with these puns, and you probably noticed the common thread -- hopefully, they have you in stitches.

  • At least, that was the point. But if not, we`ll try again net time.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Fridays are awesome! Thanks for spending part of (inaudible) with CNN STUDENT NEWS. We`re jumping right in today.

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October 25, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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